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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1998 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 83%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 17%
AL U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Sessions III Republican 0%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 33%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 100%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 13%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 33%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 100%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 13%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 0%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 13%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 0%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 83%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 100%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 50%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 100%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 13%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 0%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 0%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 67%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 0%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 0%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 0%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 100%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 0%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 83%
SD U.S. Senate Jr John Thune Republican 13%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 0%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 67%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 100%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 100%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 0%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 14%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 13%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 13%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 0%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 25%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 0%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 0%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 25%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 0%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 50%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 13%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 88%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 13%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 50%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 0%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 0%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 88%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 100%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 100%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 0%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 50%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 75%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 25%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 100%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 100%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 7 Mike McIntyre Democratic 38%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 25%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 38%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 75%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 50%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 0%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 88%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 13%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 50%
PA U.S. House 16 Joe Pitts Republican 0%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 13%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 100%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 25%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 25%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 13%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 86%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 100%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 86%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 100%
TX U.S. House 32 Pete Sessions Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 88%
VA U.S. House 10 Frank Wolf Republican 13%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 0%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 100%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 88%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 0%
WI U.S. House 6 Tom Petri Republican 0%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 50%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 17%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 13%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 50%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 17%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 100%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 88%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 33%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 13%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 38%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 13%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 25%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 83%
Bob Bennett 17%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 25%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 63%
Brian Bilbray 75%
Michael Bilirakis 13%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Rod Blagojevich 88%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 100%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 25%
David Edward Bonior 88%
Mary Bono Mack 13%
Robert Borski, Jr. 88%
Leonard Boswell 50%
Rick Boucher 88%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 50%
John Breaux 50%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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