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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1998 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 33%
Gary Ackerman 100%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 13%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 13%
Richard Hugh Baker 13%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 100%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 38%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 88%
Bill Barrett 13%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 0%
Charlie Bass 25%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 83%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
Bob Bennett 17%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 25%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 63%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 83%
Brian Bilbray 75%
Michael Bilirakis 13%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 50%
Rod Blagojevich 88%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 100%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 25%
David Edward Bonior 88%
Mary Bono Mack 13%
Robert Borski, Jr. 88%
Leonard Boswell 50%
Rick Boucher 88%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 50%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 0%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 100%
John Breaux 50%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 17%
Richard Bryan 83%
Ed Bryant 13%
Jim Bunning 13%
Conrad Burns 0%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 0%
Dan Burton 13%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 67%
Herbert Callahan 13%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 25%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 0%
Ben Campbell 17%
Thomas Campbell 88%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
Chris Cannon 0%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 100%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 75%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 0%
John Chafee 67%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 13%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 13%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
Robert Clement 63%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 100%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 0%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 13%
Michael Collins 0%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 50%
Larry Combest 13%
Gary Condit 63%
Kent Conrad 50%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
Merrill Cook 38%
John Cooksey 13%
Jerry Costello 50%
Paul Coverdell 17%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 43%
Philip Crane 0%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 13%
Barbara Cubin 0%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Patsy Ann Danner 38%
Thomas Daschle 83%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
James Davis 88%
Thomas Davis III 50%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 0%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
Bill Delahunt 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 50%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 25%
Jay Dickey 13%
Norm Dicks 100%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 75%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 88%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 67%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 50%
David Dreier 0%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 0%
Jennifer Dunn 13%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
Chet Edwards 100%
Vern Ehlers 38%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 25%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
Philip English 0%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
Bob Etheridge 63%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 13%
Thomas Ewing 25%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
Russ Feingold 100%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Mark Foley 43%
Michael Patrick Forbes 50%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 25%
Tillie Fowler 13%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 63%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 50%
William Frist 33%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 25%
John Ganske 75%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 88%
Jim Gibbons 13%
Wayne Gilchrest 63%
Paul Gillmor 13%
Benjamin Gilman 75%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 13%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
William Goodling 0%
Bart Gordon 50%
Slade Gorton 17%
Porter Goss 13%
Daniel Graham 100%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 0%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 25%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 33%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 86%
James Greenwood 75%
Judd Gregg 17%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 88%
Gilbert Gutknecht 13%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 17%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 25%
Tony Hall 43%
James Hansen 14%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 100%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 0%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 13%
Joel Hefley 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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