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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1995 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Anthony Beilenson 100%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
Bill Bradley 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
William Coyne 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
Lane Evans 100%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
Thomas Foglietta 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 100%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
Major Owens 100%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
Donald Payne 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
Louis Stokes 100%
Gerry Studds 100%
Bruce Vento 100%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 97%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 97%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 97%
Claiborne Pell 97%
Paul Sarbanes 97%
Paul Simon 97%
Paul Wellstone 97%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 96%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 96%
William Clay, Sr. 96%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 96%
Ronald Dellums 96%
Norm Dicks 96%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 96%
Julian Dixon 96%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 96%
Harold Ford, Sr. 96%
Elizabeth Furse 96%
Sam Gejdenson 96%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 96%
Harry Johnston 96%
Patrick Kennedy 96%
Tom Lantos 96%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 96%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 96%
William Luther 96%
Robert Matsui 96%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 96%
Paul McHale 96%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 96%
Martin Meehan 96%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 96%
John Olver 96%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 96%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 96%
Bill Richardson 96%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 96%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 96%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 96%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 96%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 96%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 96%
Esteban Edward Torres 96%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 96%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 96%
Albert Wynn 96%
Chris Dodd 93%
John Glenn 93%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 93%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 93%
Joe Lieberman 93%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 93%
Carol Moseley Braun 93%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 93%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 92%
Gary Ackerman 92%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 92%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 92%
Robert Borski, Jr. 92%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 92%
John Bryant 92%
Eva Clayton 92%
Ronald Coleman 92%
Cardiss Collins 92%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 92%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 92%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 92%
Barney Frank 92%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 92%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 92%
Matthew Martinez 92%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 92%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 92%
Pat Schroeder 92%
Robert Torricelli 92%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 92%
Bob Wise, Jr. 92%
Dale Bumpers 90%
Russ Feingold 90%
Daniel Graham 90%
David Pryor 90%
Howard Berman 88%
David Edward Bonior 88%
George Brown, Jr. 88%
Cleo Fields 88%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 88%
Sam Gibbons 88%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 88%
William Jefferson 88%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 88%
Joseph Kennedy II 88%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 88%
Dave Obey 88%
Martin Olav Sabo 88%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 88%
David Skaggs 88%
Pete Stark 88%
Michael Ward 88%
Mel Watt 88%
Sidney Yates 88%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 86%
Jeff Bingaman 86%
Thomas Daschle 86%
Daniel Inouye 86%
Herb Kohl 86%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 86%
Charles Robb 86%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 83%
Richard Bryan 83%
Robert Byrd 83%
Kent Conrad 83%
Byron Dorgan 83%
Floyd Flake 83%
Wendell Ford 83%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 83%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 83%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 83%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 83%
Paul Kanjorski 83%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 83%
Dale Kildee 83%
John LaFalce 83%
Karen McCarthy 83%
Patrick Moynihan 83%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 83%
Jim Oberstar 83%
John Spratt, Jr. 83%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 79%
Rick Boucher 79%
Barbara-Rose Collins 79%
Bob Filner 79%
Tony Hall 79%
Gerald Kleczka 79%
Ronald Klink 79%
Ed Towns 79%
Ernest Hollings 76%
Bob Kerrey 76%
Victor Fazio 75%
Jonas Frost III 75%
Henry Gonzalez 75%
Jane Harman 75%
W.G. Hefner 75%
Thomas Manton 75%
Frank Mascara 75%
Michael McNulty 75%
Jack Murtha 75%
Earl Pomeroy 75%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 75%
Ray Thornton 75%
Pat Williams 75%
Jim Exon 72%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 71%
David Minge 71%
J. Bennett Johnston 69%
Robert Clement 67%
Jerry Costello 67%
Peter Deutsch 67%
Bart Gordon 67%
Lee Hamilton 67%
Constance Morella 67%
Charles Rose III 67%
Bart Stupak 67%
William Cohen 66%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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