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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1995 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 92%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 17%
Gary Ackerman 92%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 97%
Wayne Allard 4%
Rob Andrews 58%
Bill Archer 4%
Richard Armey 4%
John Ashcroft 0%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 58%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
William Baker 0%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 96%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 58%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 92%
Bill Barrett 4%
Roscoe Bartlett 4%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 0%
Charlie Bass 21%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 62%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 92%
Anthony Beilenson 100%
Bob Bennett 10%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 83%
Douglas Bereuter 25%
Howard Berman 88%
Tom Bevill 42%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 86%
Brian Bilbray 29%
Michael Bilirakis 4%
Jeff Bingaman 86%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 79%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 21%
Sherwood Boehlert 63%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
Kit Bond 7%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 88%
Sonny Bono 4%
Robert Borski, Jr. 92%
Rick Boucher 79%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
Bill Bradley 100%
John Breaux 55%
Bill Brewster 29%
Glen Browder 38%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 92%
George Brown, Jr. 88%
Hank Brown 3%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 4%
Richard Bryan 83%
Ed Bryant 4%
John Bryant 92%
Dale Bumpers 90%
Jim Bunn 21%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 3%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 4%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 4%
Robert Byrd 83%
Herbert Callahan 0%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 0%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 4%
Ben Campbell 21%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 21%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 96%
Mike Castle 38%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 0%
John Chafee 52%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 0%
Jim Chapman 46%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
Dick Chrysler 0%
William Clay, Sr. 96%
Eva Clayton 92%
Robert Clement 67%
William Clinger 8%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 96%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 3%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 0%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 13%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 3%
William Cohen 66%
Ronald Coleman 92%
Barbara-Rose Collins 79%
Cardiss Collins 92%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 29%
Kent Conrad 83%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 92%
Wes Cooley 0%
Jerry Costello 67%
Paul Coverdell 7%
Christopher Cox 4%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 33%
Philip Crane 0%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 4%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 4%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 13%
Alfonse D'Amato 14%
Patsy Ann Danner 58%
Thomas Daschle 86%
Thomas Davis III 29%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 8%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 92%
E. Kika de la Garza 54%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 96%
Peter Deutsch 67%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 17%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 21%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 96%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 96%
Julian Dixon 96%
Chris Dodd 93%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 96%
Robert Dole 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 14%
Calvin Dooley 54%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 83%
Robert Dornan 4%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 71%
David Dreier 0%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 0%
Jennifer Dunn 17%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
Chet Edwards 58%
Vern Ehlers 25%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 21%
Bill Emerson 0%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
Philip English 21%
John Ensign 13%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 4%
Jim Exon 72%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 3%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 92%
Harris Fawell 29%
Victor Fazio 75%
Russ Feingold 90%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 97%
Cleo Fields 88%
Jack Fields, Jr. 0%
Bob Filner 79%
Floyd Flake 83%
Michael Patrick Flanagan 13%
Thomas Foglietta 100%
Mark Foley 17%
Michael Patrick Forbes 25%
Harold Ford, Sr. 96%
Wendell Ford 83%
Tillie Fowler 25%
Jon David Fox 21%
Barney Frank 92%
Gary Franks 29%
Robert Franks 25%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 25%
Dan Frisa 4%
William Frist 7%
Jonas Frost III 75%
David Funderburk 4%
Elizabeth Furse 96%
Elton Gallegly 4%
John Ganske 13%
Sam Gejdenson 96%
George Gekas 8%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 88%
Pete Geren 17%
Sam Gibbons 88%
Wayne Gilchrest 50%
Paul Gillmor 13%
Benjamin Gilman 50%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 93%
Henry Gonzalez 75%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
William Goodling 17%
Bart Gordon 67%
Slade Gorton 24%
Porter Goss 8%
Daniel Graham 90%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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