Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2007 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 0%
Rodney Alexander 9%
Wayne Allard 25%
Thomas Allen 100%
Jason Altmire 91%
Rob Andrews 100%
Michael Arcuri 100%
Joe Baca, Sr. 100%
Brian Baird 90%
J. Gresham Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Max Baucus 100%
Evan Bayh 100%
Melissa Bean 80%
Bob Bennett 38%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 100%
Judy Biggert 45%
Brian Bilbray 9%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Kit Bond 50%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 10%
Mary Bono Mack 50%
Dan Boren 60%
Leonard Boswell 100%
Rick Boucher 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 100%
Nancy Boyda 100%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
Ginny Brown-Waite 18%
Jim Bunning 25%
Dan Burton 9%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 100%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 0%
Dennis Cardoza 100%
Russ Carnahan 100%
Christopher Carney 100%
Mike Castle 73%
Ben Chandler III 100%
Hillary Clinton 100%
Norm Coleman 50%
Kent Conrad 100%
Jerry Costello 82%
Larry Craig 43%
Robert Cramer 100%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Artur Davis 100%
David Davis 0%
Geoff Davis 9%
Lincoln Davis 82%
Thomas Davis III 36%
Bill Delahunt 100%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 27%
Norm Dicks 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Elizabeth Dole 43%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 100%
Thelma Drake 0%
David Dreier 9%
Chet Edwards 100%
Vern Ehlers 45%
Brad Ellsworth 73%
Jo Ann Emerson 73%
Philip English 36%
John Ensign 13%
Bob Etheridge 91%
Terry Everett 11%
Tom Feeney 0%
Russ Feingold 100%
Michael Ferguson 55%
Bob Filner 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 55%
Barney Frank 100%
Elton Gallegly 0%
Gabrielle Giffords 100%
Wayne Gilchrest 73%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 9%
Bart Gordon 100%
Judd Gregg 25%
John Hall 100%
Phil Hare 100%
Jane Harman 100%
Robert Hayes 36%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 100%
Baron Hill 82%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 27%
Paul Hodes 100%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 90%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Kenny Hulshof 36%
Kay Hutchison 63%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 100%
Tim Johnson 45%
Steve Kagen 100%
Paul Kanjorski 91%
Ric Keller 27%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Dale Kildee 91%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Ron Klein 100%
Joseph Knollenberg 9%
Herb Kohl 100%
Dennis Kucinich 78%
John Kuhl, Jr. 18%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 38%
Nicholas Lampson 100%
Steve LaTourette 73%
Frank Lautenberg 88%
Jerry Lewis 9%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 100%
John Linder 0%
Dick Lugar 50%
Dan Lungren 0%
Connie Mack IV 10%
Tim Mahoney 100%
Don Manzullo 0%
Jim Marshall 55%
Melquiades Martinez 25%
Thaddeus McCotter 18%
James McCrery III 0%
Michael McNulty 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 100%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 91%
Brad Miller 100%
Harry Mitchell 82%
Alan Mollohan 82%
Dennis Moore 100%
Patrick Murphy 91%
Jack Murtha 91%
Marilyn Musgrave 0%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 75%
Jim Oberstar 89%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 100%
Ron Paul 11%
Donald Payne 100%
John Peterson 27%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 11%
Todd Platts 64%
Earl Pomeroy 100%
Jon Porter, Sr. 40%
Deborah Pryce 64%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 73%
Ralph Regula 64%
Denny Rehberg 45%
Richard Renzi 45%
Silvestre Reyes 100%
Thomas Reynolds 18%
Laura Richardson 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Mike Ross 100%
Steve Rothman 100%
Ken Salazar 100%
William Sali 0%
Jim Saxton 27%
Jean Schmidt 9%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 100%
John Shadegg 0%
Christopher Shays 73%
Heath Shuler 73%
Ike Skelton 91%
Gordon Smith 86%
Olympia Snowe 88%
Vic Snyder 100%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 9%
Zack Space 100%
Arlen Specter 88%
John Spratt, Jr. 100%
Pete Stark 89%
Cliff Stearns 9%
Ted Stevens 75%
Bart Stupak 82%
John Sullivan 0%
John Sununu 43%
Betty Sutton 100%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 100%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
Gene Taylor 45%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Ed Towns 100%
George Voinovich 25%
James Walsh 64%
Zach Wamp 18%
John Warner 75%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Jim Webb, Jr. 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 0%
Gerald Weller 9%
Robert Wexler 100%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 82%
Heather Wilson 64%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Bill Young 55%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 91%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 100%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 91%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 91%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 88%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 90%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 100%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 91%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 100%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 100%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 73%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 100%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 100%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 100%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 90%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 82%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 91%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 82%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 91%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 100%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 91%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 73%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 100%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 91%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
NA President Barack Obama II D 100%
NY U.S. House-21 Bill Owens D 70%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 100%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 100%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 82%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 88%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 100%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 91%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 100%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 91%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 91%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 88%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 100%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 100%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 82%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 100%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 9%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 63%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 9%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 20%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 9%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 9%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
GA U.S. House-10 Paul Broun R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 33%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 64%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 25%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 9%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 0%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 64%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 9%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 38%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 9%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 14%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 50%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 0%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 75%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 38%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 25%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 38%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 9%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 64%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 27%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 9%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 25%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 18%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 27%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 45%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 0%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 55%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 18%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 25%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 18%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 50%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 27%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 25%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 63%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 9%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 13%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 38%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 9%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 27%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 36%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 73%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 0%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 27%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 64%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 9%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 67%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 0%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 38%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 9%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 20%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 55%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 9%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 36%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 75%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 55%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 36%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 9%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 0%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 0%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 55%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 50%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 9%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 27%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 0%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 9%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 27%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 25%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 38%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 9%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 45%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 9%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 64%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 9%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 25%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 18%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 45%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 64%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 25%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 0%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 45%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 36%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 0%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 55%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 64%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.