Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2007 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 75%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 64%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 38%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 25%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 27%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 9%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 9%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 67%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 100%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 100%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 9%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 9%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 9%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
CA Supervisor-1 Hilda Solis 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 100%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 100%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 9%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 9%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 90%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 64%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 100%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 27%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 27%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 38%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 100%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 0%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 50%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 100%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 38%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 45%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 73%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 82%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 9%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 100%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 73%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 50%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 36%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 33%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 38%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 36%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 9%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 25%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 91%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 100%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 75%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 64%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 55%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 0%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 82%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 27%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 50%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 100%
NA President Barack Obama II D 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 25%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 27%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 27%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 9%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 64%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 64%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 0%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 45%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 9%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 36%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 100%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 9%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 82%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 45%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 18%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 13%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 0%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 45%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 91%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 88%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 100%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 64%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 55%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 88%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 88%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 25%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 25%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 63%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 38%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 9%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 91%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 100%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 25%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 9%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 9%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 0%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 18%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 9%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 9%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 63%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 18%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 18%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 100%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 20%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 91%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 55%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 91%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 90%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 91%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 64%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 25%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 20%
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 0%
Rodney Alexander 9%
Wayne Allard 25%
Thomas Allen 100%
Jason Altmire 91%
Rob Andrews 100%
Michael Arcuri 100%
Joe Baca, Sr. 100%
Michele Bachmann 0%
Spencer Bachus 9%
Brian Baird 90%
J. Gresham Barrett 0%
John Barrow 91%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Max Baucus 100%
Evan Bayh 100%
Melissa Bean 80%
Bob Bennett 38%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 100%
Judy Biggert 45%
Brian Bilbray 9%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Tim Bishop 100%
Kit Bond 50%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 10%
Mary Bono Mack 50%
Dan Boren 60%
Leonard Boswell 100%
Rick Boucher 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 100%
Nancy Boyda 100%
Bruce Braley 100%
Paul Broun 0%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
Ginny Brown-Waite 18%
Jim Bunning 25%
Dan Burton 9%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 100%
Dave Camp 0%
John Campbell III 0%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 0%
Dennis Cardoza 100%
Russ Carnahan 100%
Christopher Carney 100%
Mike Castle 73%
Saxby Chambliss 38%
Ben Chandler III 100%
Hillary Clinton 100%
Howard Coble 9%
Thomas Coburn 14%
Norm Coleman 50%
Kent Conrad 100%
Jerry Costello 82%
Larry Craig 43%
Robert Cramer 100%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Artur Davis 100%
David Davis 0%
Geoff Davis 9%
Lincoln Davis 82%
Thomas Davis III 36%
Bill Delahunt 100%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 27%
Norm Dicks 100%
John Dingell 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Elizabeth Dole 43%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 100%
Thelma Drake 0%
David Dreier 9%
Chet Edwards 100%
Vern Ehlers 45%
Brad Ellsworth 73%
Jo Ann Emerson 73%
Philip English 36%
John Ensign 13%
Bob Etheridge 91%
Terry Everett 11%
Tom Feeney 0%
Russ Feingold 100%
Michael Ferguson 55%
Bob Filner 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 55%
Barney Frank 100%
Elton Gallegly 0%
Jim Gerlach 55%
Gabrielle Giffords 100%
Wayne Gilchrest 73%
Phil Gingrey 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 9%
Bart Gordon 100%
Judd Gregg 25%
Charles Hagel 25%
John Hall 100%
Ralph Hall 0%
Phil Hare 100%
Tom Harkin 100%
Jane Harman 100%
Doc Hastings 0%
Robert Hayes 36%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 100%
Baron Hill 82%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 27%
Paul Hodes 100%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 90%
Rush Holt, Jr. 100%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Kenny Hulshof 36%
Kay Hutchison 63%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 100%
Tim Johnson 45%
Timothy Johnson 100%
Steve Kagen 100%
Paul Kanjorski 91%
Ric Keller 27%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Dale Kildee 91%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jack Kingston 0%
Ron Klein 100%
Joseph Knollenberg 9%
Herb Kohl 100%
Dennis Kucinich 78%
John Kuhl, Jr. 18%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 38%
Nicholas Lampson 100%
Mary Landrieu 100%
Tom Latham 27%
Steve LaTourette 73%
Frank Lautenberg 88%
Carl Levin 100%
Jerry Lewis 9%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 100%
John Linder 0%
Dick Lugar 50%
Dan Lungren 0%
Connie Mack IV 10%
Tim Mahoney 100%
Don Manzullo 0%
Jim Marshall 55%
Melquiades Martinez 25%
Jim Matheson 91%
Carolyn McCarthy 100%
Thaddeus McCotter 18%
James McCrery III 0%
Mike McIntyre 73%
Buck McKeon 9%
Michael McNulty 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 100%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 91%
Mike Michaud 100%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 100%
Brad Miller 100%
Harry Mitchell 82%
Alan Mollohan 82%
Dennis Moore 100%
Jim Moran, Jr. 91%
Patrick Murphy 91%
Jack Murtha 91%
Marilyn Musgrave 0%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 75%
Jim Oberstar 89%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 100%
Bill Owens 70%
Ed Pastor 100%
Ron Paul 11%
Donald Payne 100%
John Peterson 27%
Tom Petri 36%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 11%
Todd Platts 64%
Earl Pomeroy 100%
Jon Porter, Sr. 40%
Deborah Pryce 64%
Mark Pryor 100%
George Radanovich 0%
Nick Rahall II 82%
James Ramstad 73%
Ralph Regula 64%
Denny Rehberg 45%
Richard Renzi 45%
Silvestre Reyes 100%
Thomas Reynolds 18%
Laura Richardson 100%
Jay Rockefeller IV 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Mike Rogers 0%
Mike Ross 100%
Steve Rothman 100%
John Salazar 100%
Ken Salazar 100%
William Sali 0%
Jim Saxton 27%
Jean Schmidt 9%
Allyson Schwartz 100%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 100%
John Shadegg 0%
Christopher Shays 73%
Carol Shea-Porter 100%
Heath Shuler 73%
Ike Skelton 91%
Gordon Smith 86%
Olympia Snowe 88%
Vic Snyder 100%
Mark Souder 9%
Zack Space 100%
Arlen Specter 88%
John Spratt, Jr. 100%
Pete Stark 89%
Cliff Stearns 9%
Ted Stevens 75%
Bart Stupak 82%
John Sullivan 0%
John Sununu 43%
Betty Sutton 100%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 100%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
Gene Taylor 45%
Lee Terry 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
John Tierney 91%
Ed Towns 100%
Mark Udall 100%
George Voinovich 25%
James Walsh 64%
Zach Wamp 18%
John Warner 75%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Henry Waxman 91%
Jim Webb, Jr. 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 0%
Gerald Weller 9%
Robert Wexler 100%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 82%
Heather Wilson 64%
Frank Wolf 55%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Bill Young 55%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.