Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2006 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 60%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 40%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 40%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 40%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 25%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 50%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 50%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 80%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 80%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 100%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 20%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 20%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 60%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 0%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 80%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 60%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 20%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 40%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 80%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 60%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 80%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 80%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 60%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 40%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 20%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 40%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 0%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 80%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 80%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 20%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 0%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 0%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 40%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 80%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 80%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 40%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 80%
NA President Barack Obama II D 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 40%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 20%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 80%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 80%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 80%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 20%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 60%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 20%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 20%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 80%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 0%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 80%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 80%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 80%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 80%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 80%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 100%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 0%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 60%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 40%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 20%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 20%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 60%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 0%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 80%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 20%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 60%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 40%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 80%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 20%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 80%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 0%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 60%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 80%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 40%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 80%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 60%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 80%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 100%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 20%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 20%
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 0%
Rodney Alexander 0%
Wayne Allard 40%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Joe Baca, Sr. 100%
Spencer Bachus 0%
Brian Baird 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
J. Gresham Barrett 0%
John Barrow 40%
Roscoe Bartlett 20%
Max Baucus 100%
Evan Bayh 80%
Melissa Bean 80%
Bob Bennett 40%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 40%
Judy Biggert 20%
Brian Bilbray 0%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Tim Bishop 100%
Kit Bond 20%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 0%
Mary Bono Mack 20%
Dan Boren 40%
Leonard Boswell 60%
Rick Boucher 80%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 60%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
Ginny Brown-Waite 0%
Jim Bunning 20%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 60%
Dave Camp 0%
John Campbell III 0%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 0%
Dennis Cardoza 40%
Russ Carnahan 100%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 25%
Saxby Chambliss 20%
Ben Chandler III 60%
Hillary Clinton 100%
Howard Coble 0%
Thomas Coburn 40%
Norm Coleman 60%
Kent Conrad 80%
Jerry Costello 60%
Larry Craig 40%
Robert Cramer 40%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Artur Davis 60%
Geoff Davis 0%
Jo Ann Davis 20%
Lincoln Davis 40%
Thomas Davis III 0%
Bill Delahunt 80%
James DeMint 40%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Norm Dicks 100%
John Dingell 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Elizabeth Dole 40%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 40%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 80%
Thelma Drake 0%
David Dreier 0%
Chet Edwards 40%
Vern Ehlers 20%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 20%
John Ensign 20%
Bob Etheridge 60%
Terry Everett 0%
Tom Feeney 0%
Russ Feingold 100%
Michael Ferguson 20%
Bob Filner 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Barney Frank 100%
Elton Gallegly 0%
Jim Gerlach 60%
Wayne Gilchrest 40%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Phil Gingrey 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 20%
Bart Gordon 60%
Judd Gregg 20%
Ralph Hall 0%
Tom Harkin 100%
Jane Harman 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Doc Hastings 0%
Robert Hayes 20%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 80%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 60%
Rush Holt, Jr. 100%
Darlene Hooley 80%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Kay Hutchison 40%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 20%
Daniel Inouye 80%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 75%
Tim Johnson 60%
Timothy Johnson 80%
Paul Kanjorski 60%
Ric Keller 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Dale Kildee 80%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jack Kingston 0%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 80%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
John Kuhl, Jr. 20%
Jon Kyl 20%
Ray LaHood 0%
Mary Landrieu 80%
Tom Lantos 100%
Tom Latham 0%
Steve LaTourette 20%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Carl Levin 100%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 100%
John Linder 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 60%
Dick Lugar 60%
Dan Lungren 20%
Connie Mack IV 0%
Don Manzullo 0%
Jim Marshall 40%
Melquiades Martinez 40%
Jim Matheson 60%
Carolyn McCarthy 100%
Thaddeus McCotter 0%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 60%
Mike McIntyre 60%
Buck McKeon 0%
Michael McNulty 80%
Martin Meehan 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 80%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 40%
Mike Michaud 80%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 75%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 100%
Brad Miller 80%
Alan Mollohan 80%
Dennis Moore 80%
Jim Moran, Jr. 80%
Patrick Murphy 0%
Jack Murtha 60%
Marilyn Musgrave 0%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 60%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
Jim Oberstar 80%
Dave Obey 80%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 60%
Ed Pastor 100%
Ron Paul 75%
Donald Payne 100%
John Peterson 0%
Tom Petri 0%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Todd Platts 20%
Earl Pomeroy 80%
Jon Porter, Sr. 0%
Deborah Pryce 0%
Mark Pryor 80%
George Radanovich 0%
Nick Rahall II 80%
James Ramstad 60%
Ralph Regula 20%
Denny Rehberg 0%
Richard Renzi 20%
Silvestre Reyes 60%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
Jay Rockefeller IV 100%
Mike Rogers 0%
Mike Ross 40%
Steve Rothman 100%
Ken Salazar 80%
Jim Saxton 20%
Jean Schmidt 20%
Allyson Schwartz 100%
José Serrano 100%
John Shadegg 0%
Christopher Shays 60%
Ike Skelton 60%
Gordon Smith 80%
Olympia Snowe 100%
Vic Snyder 80%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 60%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Ted Stevens 40%
Bart Stupak 67%
John Sullivan 20%
John Sununu 20%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 40%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
Gene Taylor 60%
Lee Terry 0%
Craig Thomas 20%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
John Tierney 100%
Ed Towns 80%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 80%
Mark Udall 100%
George Voinovich 40%
James Walsh 20%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 40%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 80%
Henry Waxman 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 0%
Gerald Weller 20%
Robert Wexler 100%
Heather Wilson 40%
Frank Wolf 20%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 80%
Bill Young 40%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.