Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2004 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 43%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 50%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 29%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 29%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 44%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 22%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 33%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 43%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 13%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 11%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 86%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 78%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 78%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 44%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 89%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 89%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 11%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 89%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 56%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 22%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 56%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 89%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 89%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 67%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 83%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 11%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 56%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 44%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 56%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 56%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 56%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 38%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 13%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 29%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 22%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 29%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 33%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 22%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 67%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 44%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 89%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 89%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 22%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 14%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 50%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 29%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 29%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 33%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 56%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 33%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 89%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 89%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 89%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 75%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 88%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 29%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 86%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 56%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 89%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 44%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 33%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 67%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 86%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 44%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 44%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 43%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 44%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 86%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 50%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 80%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 33%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 89%
NH State Senate-3 Jeb Bradley R 56%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 67%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 67%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 22%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 89%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 67%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 56%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 60%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 86%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 67%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 89%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 88%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 89%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 63%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 44%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 56%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 89%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 56%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 44%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 80%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 71%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 17%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 43%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 44%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 86%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 67%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 89%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 17%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 43%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 67%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 33%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 67%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 86%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 88%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 29%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 33%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 29%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 33%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 100%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 22%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 29%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 33%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 33%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 56%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 11%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 44%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 56%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 22%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 33%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 44%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 44%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 33%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 44%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 29%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 11%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 38%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 33%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 71%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 89%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 86%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 89%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 89%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 89%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 33%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 75%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 22%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 78%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 14%
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Gary Ackerman 89%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 25%
Rodney Alexander 56%
Wayne Allard 14%
George Allen 29%
Thomas Allen 89%
Rob Andrews 86%
Joe Baca, Sr. 100%
Spencer Bachus 44%
Brian Baird 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 56%
J. Gresham Barrett 11%
Roscoe Bartlett 33%
Charlie Bass 56%
Max Baucus 33%
Evan Bayh 71%
Bob Beauprez 56%
Bob Bennett 29%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 67%
Judy Biggert 56%
Michael Bilirakis 44%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Tim Bishop 89%
Sherwood Boehlert 76%
Kit Bond 43%
Henry Bonilla 33%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 22%
Mary Bono Mack 67%
Leonard Boswell 78%
Rick Boucher 78%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 78%
Henry Brown, Jr. 56%
Ginny Brown-Waite 44%
Jim Bunning 29%
Conrad Burns 14%
Dan Burton 13%
Steve Buyer 44%
Robert Byrd 71%
Dave Camp 44%
Chris Cannon 40%
Eric Cantor 22%
Dennis Cardoza 100%
Julia Carson 100%
Edward Case 100%
Mike Castle 67%
Linc Chafee 71%
Saxby Chambliss 29%
Ben Chandler III 78%
Chris Chocola 44%
Hillary Clinton 100%
Howard Coble 22%
Norm Coleman 43%
Kent Conrad 57%
Jon Corzine 100%
Jerry Costello 67%
Christopher Cox 22%
Larry Craig 29%
Robert Cramer 78%
Barbara Cubin 33%
Randall Cunningham 44%
Artur Davis 100%
James Davis 78%
Jo Ann Davis 44%
Lincoln Davis 67%
Thomas Davis III 67%
Bill Delahunt 86%
Thomas DeLay 33%
James DeMint 29%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 56%
Norm Dicks 88%
John Dingell 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Elizabeth Dole 43%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 17%
John Doolittle 22%
Byron Dorgan 57%
David Dreier 50%
Chet Edwards 78%
Vern Ehlers 56%
Jo Ann Emerson 57%
Philip English 67%
John Ensign 29%
Bob Etheridge 89%
Lane Evans 89%
Terry Everett 22%
Tom Feeney 22%
Russ Feingold 71%
Michael Ferguson 67%
Bob Filner 100%
Mark Foley 67%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 56%
Barney Frank 100%
William Frist 57%
Elton Gallegly 44%
Jim Gerlach 38%
Jim Gibbons 44%
Wayne Gilchrest 67%
Paul Gillmor 56%
Phil Gingrey 33%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 33%
Bart Gordon 78%
Mark Green 44%
Judd Gregg 14%
Gilbert Gutknecht 22%
Charles Hagel 29%
Ralph Hall 44%
Tom Harkin 71%
Jane Harman 89%
Katherine Harris 56%
Melissa Hart 44%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Doc Hastings 56%
Robert Hayes 33%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 38%
Joel Hefley 22%
Wally Herger, Jr. 25%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 86%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 56%
Pete Hoekstra 22%
Thomas Holden 67%
Rush Holt, Jr. 89%
Darlene Hooley 78%
John Nathan Hostettler 22%
Kenny Hulshof 44%
Duncan Hunter 33%
Kay Hutchison 43%
Henry Hyde 33%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 17%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 100%
James Merrill Jeffords 57%
William Lewis Jenkins 38%
Nancy Johnson 67%
Tim Johnson 56%
Timothy Johnson 60%
Paul Kanjorski 57%
Ric Keller 44%
Sue Kelly 67%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Mark Kennedy 44%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Dale Kildee 89%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jack Kingston 13%
Joseph Knollenberg 56%
Herb Kohl 71%
James Kolbe 67%
Dennis Kucinich 89%
Jon Kyl 14%
Ray LaHood 67%
Mary Landrieu 86%
Tom Lantos 100%
Tom Latham 56%
Steve LaTourette 67%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
James Leach 71%
Carl Levin 86%
Jerry Lewis 56%
Ron Lewis 44%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 71%
John Linder 22%
Trent Lott, Sr. 14%
Dick Lugar 29%
Don Manzullo 22%
Jim Marshall 67%
Jim Matheson 78%
Robert Matsui 100%
Carolyn McCarthy 100%
Thaddeus McCotter 44%
James McCrery III 44%
John McHugh 78%
Mike McIntyre 78%
Buck McKeon 56%
Michael McNulty 88%
Martin Meehan 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 100%
Mike Michaud 67%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Gary Miller 33%
George Miller 100%
Brad Miller 89%
Alan Mollohan 71%
Dennis Moore 78%
Jim Moran, Jr. 89%
Jack Murtha 67%
Marilyn Musgrave 22%
Sue Myrick 11%
Ben Nelson 57%
Robert William Ney 56%
Anne Northup 44%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 13%
James Nussle 67%
Jim Oberstar 75%
Dave Obey 88%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 78%
Thomas William Osborne 56%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 56%
Ed Pastor 100%
Ron Paul 11%
Donald Payne 100%
John Peterson 44%
Tom Petri 44%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 56%
Todd Platts 44%
Richard Pombo 33%
Earl Pomeroy 78%
Jon Porter, Sr. 56%
Deborah Pryce 67%
Mark Pryor 100%
George Radanovich 33%
Nick Rahall II 78%
James Ramstad 44%
Ralph Regula 56%
Denny Rehberg 44%
Richard Renzi 56%
Silvestre Reyes 100%
Thomas Reynolds 56%
Jay Rockefeller IV 71%
Mike Rogers 44%
Mike Ross 78%
Steve Rothman 100%
Jim Ryun 44%
Martin Olav Sabo 89%
Rick Santorum 14%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 67%
John Shadegg 22%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 67%
Christopher Shays 63%
Donald Sherwood 44%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 78%
Ike Skelton 67%
Gordon Smith 43%
Olympia Snowe 43%
Vic Snyder 78%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 44%
Arlen Specter 43%
John Spratt, Jr. 89%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 33%
Ted Stevens 29%
Ted Strickland 78%
Bart Stupak 76%
John Sullivan 22%
John Sununu 14%
John Sweeney 67%
James Talent 43%
Tom Tancredo 11%
John Tanner 88%
Ellen Tauscher 78%
Charles Taylor 44%
Gene Taylor 44%
Lee Terry 44%
Craig Thomas 14%
William Thomas 67%
Todd Tiahrt 44%
John Tierney 89%
Ed Towns 100%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 100%
Mark Udall 89%
George Voinovich 29%
James Walsh 56%
Zach Wamp 44%
John Warner 57%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Henry Waxman 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 33%
W. Curtis Weldon 56%
Gerald Weller 56%
Robert Wexler 100%
Heather Wilson 67%
Frank Wolf 56%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 56%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.