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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2003 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Thomas Allen 100%
Joe Baca, Sr. 100%
Brian Baird 100%
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 100%
Frank Ballance, Jr. 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
Chris Bell 100%
Shelley Berkley 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 1 Tim Bishop Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
WA U.S. Senate Jr Maria Cantwell Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 7 Mike Capuano Democratic 100%
Julia Carson 100%
Edward Case 100%
MO U.S. House 1 Lacy Clay, Jr. Democratic 100%
Hillary Clinton 100%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
Jon Corzine 100%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 53 Susan Davis Democratic 100%
MN Governor Mark Dayton Democratic/Farmer/Labor 100%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
Bill Delahunt 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Norm Dicks 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
John Edwards 100%
IL Mayor At-Large Rahm Emanuel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
Lane Evans 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Barney Frank 100%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Daniel Graham 100%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 100%
AZ U.S. House 3 Raúl Grijalva Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 100%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 100%
Jane Harman 100%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
PA Commissioner At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 100%
Darlene Hooley 100%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 100%
Daniel Inouye 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee Democratic 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 100%
Herb Kohl 100%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
Tom Lantos 100%
WA U.S. House 2 Rick Larsen Democratic 100%
CT U.S. House 1 John Larson Democratic 100%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
Joe Lieberman 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
Denise Majette 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 100%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 100%
MN U.S. House 4 Betty McCollum Democratic/Farmer/Labor 100%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 100%
Brad Miller 100%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 32 Grace Napolitano Democratic 100%
FL U.S. Senate Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. Democratic 100%
John Olver 100%
Major Owens 100%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
CA U.S. House 38 Linda Sánchez Democratic 100%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
IL U.S. House 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 28 Adam Schiff Democratic 100%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
Vic Snyder 100%
Hilda Solis 100%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 100%
Pete Stark 100%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 100%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 100%
MD U.S. House 8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Howard Berman 89%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 89%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 89%
Dennis Cardoza 89%
TN U.S. House 5 Jim Cooper Democratic 89%
NY U.S. House 14 Joe Crowley Democratic 89%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 89%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 89%
Chet Edwards 89%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 89%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 89%
NJ U.S. House 12 Rush Holt, Jr. Democratic 89%
NY U.S. House 3 Steve Israel Democratic 89%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 89%
Paul Kanjorski 89%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 89%
Patrick Kennedy 89%
Gerald Kleczka 89%
Nicholas Lampson 89%
RI U.S. House 2 Jim Langevin Democratic 89%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 89%
MA U.S. House 8 Stephen Lynch Democratic 89%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 89%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 89%
ME U.S. House 2 Mike Michaud Democratic 89%
Dennis Moore 89%
Jack Murtha 89%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 89%
Silvestre Reyes 89%
Steve Rothman 89%
MD U.S. House 2 Dutch Ruppersberger Democratic 89%
OH U.S. House 13 Tim Ryan Democratic 89%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 89%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 89%
John Spratt, Jr. 89%
Ted Strickland 89%
Ellen Tauscher 89%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 89%
CA U.S. House 5 Mike Thompson Democratic 89%
Ed Towns 89%
NM U.S. Senate Sr Tom Udall Democratic 89%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 89%
David Wu 89%
Albert Wynn 89%
Rob Andrews 88%
Jeff Bingaman 88%
Leonard Boswell 88%
Thomas Daschle 88%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 88%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 88%
CA U.S. House 17 Mike Honda Democratic 88%
James Merrill Jeffords 88%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 88%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 88%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 88%
Robert Matsui 88%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 88%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 88%
Jim Oberstar 88%
Dave Obey 88%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 88%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 88%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 88%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 88%
Harold Ford, Jr. 86%
Ernest Hollings 86%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 86%
Donald Payne 86%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 86%
Karen McCarthy 83%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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