Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2003 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 12%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 75%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 11%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 25%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 33%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 88%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 75%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 71%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 12%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 33%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 50%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 11%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 89%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 38%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 88%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 11%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 89%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 89%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 88%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 12%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 88%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 25%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 12%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 88%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 0%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 88%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 12%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 11%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 89%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 88%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 88%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 89%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 89%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 11%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 89%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 89%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 11%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 86%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 11%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 12%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 89%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 11%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 11%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 11%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 12%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 12%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 89%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 0%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 78%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 11%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 22%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 88%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 78%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 12%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 88%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 89%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 89%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 89%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 22%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 11%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 22%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 78%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 0%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 44%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 89%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 33%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 89%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 56%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 11%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 22%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 33%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 22%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 75%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 11%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 89%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 33%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 89%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 100%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 88%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 89%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 11%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 89%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 11%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 89%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 0%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 25%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 0%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 11%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 89%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 11%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 0%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 89%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 11%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 78%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 22%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 89%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 11%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 22%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 12%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 12%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 89%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 17%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 89%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 56%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 11%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 11%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 100%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 11%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 11%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 89%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 11%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 22%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 11%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 22%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 78%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 11%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 11%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 100%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 75%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100%
NH State Senate-3 Jeb Bradley R 0%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 12%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 0%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 100%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 11%
Rodney Alexander 44%
Wayne Allard 0%
George Allen 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 88%
Joe Baca, Sr. 100%
Brian Baird 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Frank Ballance, Jr. 100%
Cass Ballenger 0%
J. Gresham Barrett 11%
Roscoe Bartlett 22%
Charlie Bass 22%
Max Baucus 75%
Evan Bayh 75%
Bob Beauprez 0%
Chris Bell 100%
Bob Bennett 0%
Douglas Bereuter 25%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 89%
Marion Berry 78%
Judy Biggert 11%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 88%
Sherwood Boehlert 44%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 11%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 0%
Mary Bono Mack 11%
Leonard Boswell 88%
Rick Boucher 78%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 62%
John Breaux 50%
Henry Brown, Jr. 11%
Ginny Brown-Waite 11%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Max Burns 0%
Dan Burton 22%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 75%
Ben Campbell 12%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 0%
Dennis Cardoza 89%
Brad Carson 56%
Julia Carson 100%
Edward Case 100%
Mike Castle 56%
Chris Chocola 0%
Hillary Clinton 100%
Norm Coleman 0%
Michael Collins 0%
Kent Conrad 50%
Jon Corzine 100%
Jerry Costello 56%
Christopher Cox 0%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 33%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 11%
Thomas Daschle 88%
Artur Davis 78%
James Davis 78%
Jo Ann Davis 11%
Lincoln Davis 67%
Thomas Davis III 12%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
James DeMint 25%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 11%
Norm Dicks 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Elizabeth Dole 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 62%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 62%
David Dreier 14%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
John Edwards 100%
Chet Edwards 89%
Vern Ehlers 25%
Jo Ann Emerson 33%
Philip English 22%
John Ensign 12%
Bob Etheridge 78%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 12%
Tom Feeney 11%
Russ Feingold 100%
Michael Ferguson 0%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 0%
Mark Foley 11%
Harold Ford, Jr. 86%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Barney Frank 100%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 12%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Jim Gibbons 0%
Wayne Gilchrest 33%
Paul Gillmor 12%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 11%
Bart Gordon 75%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 100%
Mark Green 0%
James Greenwood 33%
Judd Gregg 25%
Gilbert Gutknecht 22%
Jane Harman 100%
Katherine Harris 0%
Melissa Hart 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Robert Hayes 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 11%
Joel Hefley 11%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Baron Hill 56%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 22%
Pete Hoekstra 11%
Thomas Holden 67%
Ernest Hollings 86%
Darlene Hooley 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 22%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 38%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 11%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 17%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 12%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Janklow 11%
William Jefferson 75%
James Merrill Jeffords 88%
William Lewis Jenkins 12%
Christopher John 44%
Nancy Johnson 56%
Tim Johnson 22%
Paul Kanjorski 89%
Ric Keller 0%
Sue Kelly 22%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Mark Kennedy 0%
Patrick Kennedy 89%
Dale Kildee 78%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Gerald Kleczka 89%
Joseph Knollenberg 11%
Herb Kohl 100%
James Kolbe 44%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 11%
Nicholas Lampson 89%
Tom Lantos 100%
Steve LaTourette 44%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
James Leach 56%
Jerry Lewis 11%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 50%
John Linder 11%
William Lipinski 57%
Trent Lott, Sr. 14%
Ken Lucas 67%
Dick Lugar 12%
Denise Majette 100%
Don Manzullo 11%
Jim Marshall 67%
Robert Matsui 88%
Karen McCarthy 83%
Thaddeus McCotter 0%
James McCrery III 12%
John McHugh 50%
Scott McInnis 11%
Michael McNulty 78%
Martin Meehan 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 89%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 86%
Brad Miller 100%
Zell Bryan Miller 0%
Alan Mollohan 78%
Dennis Moore 89%
Jack Murtha 89%
Marilyn Musgrave 22%
Sue Myrick 11%
Ben Nelson 50%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Robert William Ney 11%
Don Nickles 12%
Anne Northup 11%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 11%
James Nussle 11%
Jim Oberstar 88%
Dave Obey 88%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 88%
Thomas William Osborne 11%
Doug Ose 22%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 11%
Ron Paul 56%
Donald Payne 86%
John Peterson 11%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 12%
Todd Platts 22%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 78%
Jon Porter, Sr. 11%
Deborah Pryce 11%
Jack Quinn 22%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 11%
Ralph Regula 11%
Denny Rehberg 11%
Richard Renzi 11%
Silvestre Reyes 89%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Mike Ross 78%
Steve Rothman 89%
Jim Ryun 11%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 75%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 12%
Edward Schrock 11%
John Shadegg 22%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 22%
Christopher Shays 22%
Donald Sherwood 11%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 33%
Ike Skelton 56%
Gordon Smith 0%
Nick Smith 22%
Olympia Snowe 38%
Vic Snyder 100%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 12%
John Spratt, Jr. 89%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 33%
Ted Stevens 12%
Ted Strickland 89%
Bart Stupak 78%
John Sullivan 0%
John Sununu 12%
John Sweeney 33%
James Talent 0%
Tom Tancredo 22%
John Tanner 67%
Ellen Tauscher 89%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 12%
Gene Taylor 44%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 11%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Ed Towns 89%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 100%
James Turner 67%
George Voinovich 0%
James Walsh 0%
Zach Wamp 33%
John Warner 0%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 12%
Gerald Weller 0%
Robert Wexler 100%
Heather Wilson 22%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 89%
Albert Wynn 89%
Bill Young 22%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.