Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2003 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 12%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 12%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 11%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 25%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 33%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 11%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 88%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 89%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 88%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 89%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 89%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 11%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 11%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 12%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA Supervisor-1 Hilda Solis 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 89%
CO Commissioner-2 Scott McInnis 11%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 71%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 12%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 89%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 78%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 11%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 22%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 11%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 88%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 78%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 33%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 88%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 89%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 89%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 89%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 38%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 22%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 44%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 11%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 89%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 11%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 33%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 89%
NH State Senate-3 Jeb Bradley R 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 89%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 22%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 33%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 75%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 11%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 89%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 33%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 88%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 89%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 12%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 11%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 89%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 11%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 89%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 88%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 25%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 25%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 11%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 89%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 89%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 12%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 11%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 78%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 22%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 89%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 11%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 22%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 12%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 12%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 89%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 11%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 88%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 89%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 11%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 22%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 22%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 11%
Rodney Alexander 44%
Wayne Allard 0%
George Allen 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 88%
Joe Baca, Sr. 100%
Spencer Bachus 0%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 0%
Brian Baird 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Frank Ballance, Jr. 100%
Cass Ballenger 0%
J. Gresham Barrett 11%
Roscoe Bartlett 22%
Charlie Bass 22%
Max Baucus 75%
Evan Bayh 75%
Bob Beauprez 0%
Chris Bell 100%
Bob Bennett 0%
Douglas Bereuter 25%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 89%
Marion Berry 78%
Joe Biden, Jr. 100%
Judy Biggert 11%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 88%
Tim Bishop 100%
Sherwood Boehlert 44%
John Boehner 0%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 11%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 0%
Mary Bono Mack 11%
Leonard Boswell 88%
Rick Boucher 78%
Barbara Boxer 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 62%
John Breaux 50%
Corrine Brown 100%
Henry Brown, Jr. 11%
Ginny Brown-Waite 11%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Max Burns 0%
Dan Burton 22%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 75%
Dave Camp 0%
Ben Campbell 12%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 0%
Lois Capps 100%
Dennis Cardoza 89%
Brad Carson 56%
Julia Carson 100%
Edward Case 100%
Mike Castle 56%
Lincoln Chafee 75%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Chris Chocola 0%
Hillary Clinton 100%
Howard Coble 0%
Norm Coleman 0%
Michael Collins 0%
Kent Conrad 50%
Jon Corzine 100%
Jerry Costello 56%
Christopher Cox 0%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 33%
Philip Crane 0%
Ander Crenshaw 11%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 11%
Thomas Daschle 88%
Artur Davis 78%
James Davis 78%
Jo Ann Davis 11%
Lincoln Davis 67%
Thomas Davis III 12%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
James DeMint 25%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 11%
Norm Dicks 100%
John Dingell 78%
Chris Dodd 100%
Elizabeth Dole 0%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 62%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 62%
David Dreier 14%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
John Edwards 100%
Chet Edwards 89%
Vern Ehlers 25%
Jo Ann Emerson 33%
Philip English 22%
John Ensign 12%
Bob Etheridge 78%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 12%
Sam Farr 89%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 100%
Tom Feeney 11%
Russ Feingold 100%
Michael Ferguson 0%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 0%
Mark Foley 11%
Randy Forbes 11%
Harold Ford, Jr. 86%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Barney Frank 100%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 12%
Scott Garrett 22%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Jim Gerlach 0%
Jim Gibbons 0%
Wayne Gilchrest 33%
Paul Gillmor 12%
Phil Gingrey 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 11%
Bart Gordon 75%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 100%
Mark Green 0%
James Greenwood 33%
Judd Gregg 25%
Gilbert Gutknecht 22%
Charles Hagel 12%
Ralph Hall 0%
Tom Harkin 100%
Jane Harman 100%
Katherine Harris 0%
Melissa Hart 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Doc Hastings 11%
Robert Hayes 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 11%
Joel Hefley 11%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Baron Hill 56%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 89%
David Lee Hobson 22%
Joseph Hoeffel 100%
Pete Hoekstra 11%
Thomas Holden 67%
Ernest Hollings 86%
Rush Holt, Jr. 89%
Mike Honda 88%
Darlene Hooley 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 22%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 38%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 11%
Henry Hyde 17%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Steve Israel 89%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 12%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Janklow 11%
William Jefferson 75%
James Merrill Jeffords 88%
William Lewis Jenkins 12%
Christopher John 44%
Nancy Johnson 56%
Tim Johnson 22%
Timothy Johnson 88%
Paul Kanjorski 89%
Richard Keller 0%
Sue Kelly 22%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Mark Kennedy 0%
Patrick Kennedy 89%
John Kerry 100%
Dale Kildee 78%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jack Kingston 12%
Mark Kirk 12%
Gerald Kleczka 89%
John Kline 0%
Joseph Knollenberg 11%
Herb Kohl 100%
James Kolbe 44%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 11%
Nicholas Lampson 89%
Mary Landrieu 50%
Tom Lantos 100%
Tom Latham 0%
Steve LaTourette 44%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
James Leach 56%
Carl Levin 88%
Jerry Lewis 11%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 50%
John Linder 11%
William Lipinski 57%
Trent Lott, Sr. 14%
Ken Lucas 67%
Dick Lugar 12%
Denise Majette 100%
Don Manzullo 11%
Jim Marshall 67%
Jim Matheson 56%
Robert Matsui 88%
Carolyn McCarthy 100%
Karen McCarthy 83%
Thaddeus McCotter 0%
James McCrery III 12%
Jim McDermott 100%
John McHugh 50%
Mike McIntyre 56%
Buck McKeon 11%
Michael McNulty 78%
Martin Meehan 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 89%
John Mica 11%
Mike Michaud 89%
Barbara Mikulski 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 86%
Candice Miller 22%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 100%
Jeff Miller 11%
Brad Miller 100%
Zell Bryan Miller 0%
Alan Mollohan 78%
Dennis Moore 89%
Jim Moran, Jr. 100%
Jack Murtha 89%
Marilyn Musgrave 22%
Sue Myrick 11%
Ben Nelson 50%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Randy Neugebauer 17%
Robert William Ney 11%
Don Nickles 12%
Anne Northup 11%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 11%
James Nussle 11%
Jim Oberstar 88%
Dave Obey 88%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 88%
Thomas William Osborne 11%
Doug Ose 22%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 11%
Ed Pastor 100%
Ron Paul 56%
Donald Payne 86%
John Peterson 11%
Tom Petri 11%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 12%
Joe Pitts 11%
Todd Platts 22%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 78%
Jon Porter, Sr. 11%
Deborah Pryce 11%
Mark Pryor 75%
Adam Putnam 0%
Jack Quinn 22%
George Radanovich 0%
Nick Rahall II 78%
James Ramstad 11%
Charlie Rangel 100%
Ralph Regula 11%
Denny Rehberg 11%
Harry Reid 88%
Richard Renzi 11%
Silvestre Reyes 89%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
Jay Rockefeller IV 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Mike Rogers 11%
Mike Ross 78%
Steve Rothman 89%
Jim Ryun 11%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Loretta Sanchez 86%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 75%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 12%
Edward Schrock 11%
John Shadegg 22%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 22%
Christopher Shays 22%
Donald Sherwood 11%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 33%
Ike Skelton 56%
Gordon Smith 0%
Nick Smith 22%
Olympia Snowe 38%
Vic Snyder 100%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 12%
John Spratt, Jr. 89%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 33%
Ted Stevens 12%
Ted Strickland 89%
Bart Stupak 78%
John Sullivan 0%
John Sununu 12%
John Sweeney 33%
James Talent 0%
Tom Tancredo 22%
John Tanner 67%
Ellen Tauscher 89%
William Tauzin II 0%
Charles Taylor 12%
Gene Taylor 44%
Lee Terry 11%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 11%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
John Tierney 100%
Ed Towns 89%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 100%
James Turner 67%
Mark Udall 75%
David Vitter 11%
George Voinovich 0%
James Walsh 0%
Zach Wamp 33%
John Warner 0%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Henry Waxman 89%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 12%
Gerald Weller 0%
Robert Wexler 100%
Ed Whitfield 12%
Heather Wilson 22%
Frank Wolf 11%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 89%
Albert Wynn 89%
Bill Young 22%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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