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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2002 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Joe Baca, Sr. 100%
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 7 Mike Capuano Democratic 100%
Julia Carson 100%
Hillary Clinton 100%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
Jon Corzine 100%
MN Governor Mark Dayton Democratic/Farmer/Labor 100%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Barney Frank 100%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
NJ U.S. House 12 Rush Holt, Jr. Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 17 Mike Honda Democratic 100%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
Tom Lantos 100%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 100%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 100%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 100%
MN U.S. House 4 Betty McCollum Democratic/Farmer/Labor 100%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 32 Grace Napolitano Democratic 100%
Major Owens 100%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Steve Rothman 100%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 100%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
IL U.S. House 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 28 Adam Schiff Democratic 100%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
Hilda Solis 100%
Pete Stark 100%
CA U.S. House 5 Mike Thompson Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 100%
CO U.S. Senate Sr Mark Udall Democratic 100%
NM U.S. Senate Sr Tom Udall Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
Diane Watson 100%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
WA U.S. Senate Jr Maria Cantwell Democratic 86%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 86%
Russ Feingold 86%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 86%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 86%
James Merrill Jeffords 86%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 86%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 86%
Joe Lieberman 86%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 86%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 86%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 86%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 86%
Thomas Allen 83%
Rob Andrews 83%
Brian Baird 83%
Rick Boucher 83%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 83%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 83%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 83%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 83%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 14 Joe Crowley Democratic 83%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 83%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 83%
CA U.S. House 53 Susan Davis Democratic 83%
Bill Delahunt 83%
Peter Deutsch 83%
Chet Edwards 83%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 83%
Lane Evans 83%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 83%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 83%
Charlie Gonzalez 83%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 83%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 83%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 83%
PA Commissioner At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 83%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 83%
WA Governor Jay Inslee Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 3 Steve Israel Democratic 83%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 83%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 83%
Patrick Kennedy 83%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 83%
Gerald Kleczka 83%
RI U.S. House 2 Jim Langevin Democratic 83%
CT U.S. House 1 John Larson Democratic 83%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 83%
MA U.S. House 8 Stephen Lynch Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 83%
Michael McNulty 83%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 83%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 83%
Dennis Moore 83%
Jim Oberstar 83%
John Olver 83%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 83%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 83%
Donald Payne 83%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 83%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 83%
Silvestre Reyes 83%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 83%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 83%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 83%
Mel Watt 83%
Albert Wynn 83%
MO U.S. House 1 Lacy Clay, Jr. Democratic 80%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 80%
Ed Towns 80%
Evan Bayh 71%
Kent Conrad 71%
Byron Dorgan 71%
John Edwards 71%
Daniel Graham 71%
Ernest Hollings 71%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 71%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 71%
FL U.S. Senate Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. Democratic 71%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
Leonard Boswell 67%
Jerry Costello 67%
Thomas Daschle 67%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 67%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 67%
Bart Gordon 67%
Jane Harman 67%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 67%
Thomas Holden 67%
Paul Kanjorski 67%
Dale Kildee 67%
WA U.S. House 2 Rick Larsen Democratic 67%
UT U.S. House 4 Jim Matheson Democratic 67%
Alan Mollohan 67%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 67%
Dave Obey 67%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 67%
Earl Pomeroy 67%
Mike Ross 67%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 67%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 67%
Ted Strickland 67%
Bart Stupak 67%
Ellen Tauscher 67%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 67%
William Lipinski 60%
Ron Paul 60%
Max Baucus 57%
Robert Byrd 57%
DE U.S. Senate Sr Tom Carper Democratic 57%
RI Governor Linc Chafee Democratic 57%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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