Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2002 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Joe Baca, Sr. 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
Julia Carson 100%
Hillary Clinton 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
Jon Corzine 100%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Barney Frank 100%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
Tom Lantos 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 100%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
Major Owens 100%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Steve Rothman 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
Hilda Solis 100%
Pete Stark 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
Diane Watson 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 86%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 86%
Russ Feingold 86%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 86%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 86%
James Merrill Jeffords 86%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 86%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 86%
Joe Lieberman 86%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 86%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 86%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 86%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 86%
Thomas Allen 83%
Rob Andrews 83%
Brian Baird 83%
Rick Boucher 83%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 83%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 83%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 83%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 83%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 83%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 83%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 83%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 83%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 83%
Bill Delahunt 83%
Peter Deutsch 83%
Chet Edwards 83%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 83%
Lane Evans 83%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 83%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 83%
Charlie Gonzalez 83%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 83%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 83%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 83%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 83%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 83%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 83%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 83%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 83%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 83%
Patrick Kennedy 83%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 83%
Gerald Kleczka 83%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 83%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 83%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 83%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 83%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 83%
Michael McNulty 83%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 83%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 83%
Dennis Moore 83%
Jim Oberstar 83%
John Olver 83%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 83%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 83%
Donald Payne 83%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 83%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 83%
Silvestre Reyes 83%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 83%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 83%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 83%
Mel Watt 83%
Albert Wynn 83%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 80%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 80%
Ed Towns 80%
Evan Bayh 71%
Kent Conrad 71%
Byron Dorgan 71%
John Edwards 71%
Daniel Graham 71%
Ernest Hollings 71%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 71%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 71%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 71%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
Leonard Boswell 67%
Jerry Costello 67%
Thomas Daschle 67%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 67%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 67%
Bart Gordon 67%
Jane Harman 67%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 67%
Thomas Holden 67%
Paul Kanjorski 67%
Dale Kildee 67%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 67%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 67%
Alan Mollohan 67%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 67%
Dave Obey 67%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 67%
Earl Pomeroy 67%
Mike Ross 67%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 67%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 67%
Ted Strickland 67%
Bart Stupak 67%
Ellen Tauscher 67%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 67%
William Lipinski 60%
Ron Paul 60%
Max Baucus 57%
Robert Byrd 57%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 57%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 57%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 57%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 57%
Herb Kohl 57%
Marion Berry 50%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 50%
Ben Campbell 50%
Brad Carson 50%
Robert Cramer 50%
James Davis 50%
Norm Dicks 50%
Bob Etheridge 50%
John Nathan Hostettler 50%
Nicholas Lampson 50%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 50%
Jack Murtha 50%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 50%
Ike Skelton 50%
Vic Snyder 50%
John Spratt, Jr. 50%
James Turner 50%
John Ensign 43%
Peter Fitzgerald 43%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 43%
Blanche Lincoln 43%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 43%
Gordon Smith 43%
Olympia Snowe 43%
Arlen Specter 43%
William Jefferson 40%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 33%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 33%
Calvin Dooley 33%
Harold Ford, Jr. 33%
Duncan Hunter 33%
Christopher John 33%
Don Manzullo 33%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 33%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 33%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 33%
John Tanner 33%
Gene Taylor 33%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 30%
John Breaux 29%
Conrad Burns 29%
Judd Gregg 29%
Zell Bryan Miller 29%
Ben Nelson 29%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 29%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 29%
W. Curtis Weldon 25%
Michael Collins 20%
Cliff Stearns 20%
Roscoe Bartlett 17%
Sherwood Boehlert 17%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 17%
Jo Ann Davis 17%
Thomas Davis III 17%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 17%
Jo Ann Emerson 17%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 17%
Elton Gallegly 17%
Jim Gibbons 17%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 17%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 17%
James Greenwood 17%
Gilbert Gutknecht 17%
Robert Hayes 17%
Baron Hill 17%
Pete Hoekstra 17%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 17%
Nancy Johnson 17%
Tim Johnson 17%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 17%
Sue Kelly 17%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 17%
James Kolbe 17%
Steve LaTourette 17%
Jerry Lewis 17%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 17%
John McHugh 17%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 17%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 17%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 17%
Richard Pombo 17%
Jack Quinn 17%
George Radanovich 17%
Ralph Regula 17%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 17%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 17%
Nick Smith 17%
Mark Souder 17%
Charles Stenholm 17%
Charles Taylor 17%
James Walsh 17%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 17%
Wayne Allard 14%
George Allen 14%
Kit Bond 14%
Jim Bunning 14%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 14%
Larry Craig 14%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 14%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 14%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 14%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 14%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 14%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 14%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 14%
Ted Stevens 14%
Craig Thomas 14%
John Warner 14%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
Todd Akin 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
Charlie Bass 0%
Bob Bennett 0%
Douglas Bereuter 0%
Judy Biggert 0%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
Henry Bonilla 0%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
Chris Cannon 0%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 0%
Mike Castle 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
Philip Crane 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
Thomas DeLay 0%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
John Doolittle 0%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Vern Ehlers 0%
Philip English 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Terry Everett 0%
Michael Ferguson 0%
Ernest Fletcher 0%
Mark Foley 0%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 0%
William Frist 0%
Wayne Gilchrest 0%
Paul Gillmor 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
Porter Goss 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
Mark Green 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
Melissa Hart 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 0%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 0%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
Ric Keller 0%
Mark Kennedy 0%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
James Leach 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
John Linder 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
James McCrery III 0%
Scott McInnis 0%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
Sue Myrick 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Robert William Ney 0%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 0%
James Nussle 0%
Thomas William Osborne 0%
Doug Ose 0%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 0%
Michael Oxley 0%
John Peterson 0%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
Todd Platts 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
Deborah Pryce 0%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 0%
James Ramstad 0%
Denny Rehberg 0%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
Jim Ryun 0%
Rick Santorum 0%
Jim Saxton 0%
Edward Schrock 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 0%
Christopher Shays 0%
Donald Sherwood 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
John Sununu 0%
John Sweeney 0%
Tom Tancredo 0%
William Tauzin 0%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 0%
William Thomas 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 0%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
George Voinovich 0%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 0%
Zach Wamp 0%
David Weldon 0%
Gerald Weller 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
Heather Wilson 0%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 0%
Bill Young 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.