Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2002 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 0%
Wayne Allard 14%
George Allen 14%
Thomas Allen 83%
Rob Andrews 83%
Joe Baca, Sr. 100%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
Brian Baird 83%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
Cass Ballenger 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 17%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
Charlie Bass 0%
Max Baucus 57%
Evan Bayh 71%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
Bob Bennett 0%
Douglas Bereuter 0%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 50%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
Judy Biggert 0%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 50%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 17%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
Kit Bond 14%
Henry Bonilla 0%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 0%
Leonard Boswell 67%
Rick Boucher 83%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 33%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 83%
John Breaux 29%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 83%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 83%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
Jim Bunning 14%
Conrad Burns 29%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 57%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
Ben Campbell 50%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 86%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 33%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 83%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 57%
Brad Carson 50%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 57%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 80%
Hillary Clinton 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 83%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 17%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 14%
Michael Collins 20%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 57%
Kent Conrad 71%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
Jon Corzine 100%
Jerry Costello 67%
Christopher Cox 0%
Larry Craig 14%
Robert Cramer 50%
Philip Crane 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 14%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 83%
Barbara Cubin 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 83%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Thomas Daschle 67%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 83%
James Davis 50%
Jo Ann Davis 17%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 83%
Thomas Davis III 17%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
Bill Delahunt 83%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
James DeMint 0%
Peter Deutsch 83%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 14%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Norm Dicks 50%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 67%
Chris Dodd 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 14%
Calvin Dooley 33%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 71%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 67%
David Dreier 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 17%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 86%
John Edwards 71%
Chet Edwards 83%
Vern Ehlers 0%
Jo Ann Emerson 17%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 83%
Philip English 0%
John Ensign 43%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
Bob Etheridge 50%
Lane Evans 83%
Terry Everett 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 83%
Russ Feingold 86%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 86%
Michael Ferguson 0%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 43%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 17%
Ernest Fletcher 0%
Mark Foley 0%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
Harold Ford, Jr. 33%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Barney Frank 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 0%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 17%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 83%
Jim Gibbons 17%
Wayne Gilchrest 0%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 83%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 17%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
Bart Gordon 67%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 71%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 17%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 14%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
Mark Green 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 83%
James Greenwood 17%
Judd Gregg 29%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 83%
Gilbert Gutknecht 17%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 86%
Jane Harman 67%
Melissa Hart 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 83%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 14%
Robert Hayes 17%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Baron Hill 17%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 67%
David Lee Hobson 0%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 83%
Pete Hoekstra 17%
Thomas Holden 67%
Ernest Hollings 71%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
Darlene Hooley 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 50%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 83%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 33%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 14%
Daniel Inouye 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 83%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 83%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 17%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
William Jefferson 40%
James Merrill Jeffords 86%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 33%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 83%
Nancy Johnson 17%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
Tim Johnson 17%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 57%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 17%
Paul Kanjorski 67%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 83%
Ric Keller 0%
Sue Kelly 17%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Mark Kennedy 0%
Patrick Kennedy 83%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 86%
Dale Kildee 67%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 83%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 80%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 17%
Gerald Kleczka 83%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 57%
James Kolbe 17%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 0%
Nicholas Lampson 50%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 43%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 83%
Tom Lantos 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 67%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 83%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
Steve LaTourette 17%
James Leach 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 86%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 71%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 83%
Jerry Lewis 17%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 86%
Blanche Lincoln 43%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 60%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 17%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
Ken Lucas 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 83%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
Don Manzullo 33%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 67%
Robert Matsui 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 43%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 83%
Karen McCarthy 100%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 14%
James McCrery III 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
John McHugh 17%
Scott McInnis 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 50%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 17%
Michael McNulty 83%
Martin Meehan 100%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 83%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 83%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 86%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 0%
Zell Bryan Miller 29%
Alan Mollohan 67%
Dennis Moore 83%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 33%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 71%
Jack Murtha 50%
Sue Myrick 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 67%
Ben Nelson 29%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 71%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Robert William Ney 0%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 17%
James Nussle 0%
Jim Oberstar 83%
Dave Obey 67%
John Olver 83%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 83%
Thomas William Osborne 0%
Doug Ose 0%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 0%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 0%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 67%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 83%
Ron Paul 60%
Donald Payne 83%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 17%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 33%
John Peterson 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 33%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
Todd Platts 0%
Richard Pombo 17%
Earl Pomeroy 67%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 83%
Deborah Pryce 0%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 0%
Jack Quinn 17%
George Radanovich 17%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 83%
James Ramstad 0%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
Ralph Regula 17%
Denny Rehberg 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
Silvestre Reyes 83%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 86%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 0%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 17%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 0%
Mike Ross 67%
Steve Rothman 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 83%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 67%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 0%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
Edward Schrock 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 29%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 0%
Christopher Shays 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 29%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
Donald Sherwood 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 50%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
Ike Skelton 50%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 67%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 17%
Gordon Smith 43%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
Nick Smith 17%
Olympia Snowe 43%
Vic Snyder 50%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 17%
Arlen Specter 43%
John Spratt, Jr. 50%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 86%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 20%
Charles Stenholm 17%
Ted Stevens 14%
Ted Strickland 67%
Bart Stupak 67%
John Sununu 0%
John Sweeney 0%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 33%
Ellen Tauscher 67%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 17%
Gene Taylor 33%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 0%
Craig Thomas 14%
William Thomas 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 83%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 0%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 0%
Ed Towns 80%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 83%
James Turner 50%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 0%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 67%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
George Voinovich 0%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 0%
James Walsh 17%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 14%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 83%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 25%
Gerald Weller 0%
Robert Wexler 100%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 17%
Heather Wilson 0%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 0%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 86%
Albert Wynn 83%
Bill Young 0%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 30%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.