Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2002 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 30%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 29%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 29%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 43%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 17%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 86%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 17%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 83%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 83%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 57%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 71%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 83%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 83%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 0%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 50%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 14%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 14%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 86%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 17%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 83%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 83%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 83%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 67%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 17%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 14%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 67%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 83%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 86%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 83%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 83%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 83%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 57%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 86%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 83%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 33%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 80%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 14%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 83%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 86%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 17%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 83%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 83%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 17%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 17%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 67%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 0%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 83%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 83%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 83%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 83%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 83%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 83%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 0%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 14%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 14%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 86%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 0%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 83%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 83%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 67%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 83%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 83%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 17%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 17%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 83%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 17%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 67%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 83%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 83%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 14%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 86%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 71%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 86%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 67%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 67%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 83%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 80%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 33%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 0%
Wayne Allard 14%
George Allen 14%
Thomas Allen 83%
Rob Andrews 83%
Joe Baca, Sr. 100%
Spencer Bachus 0%
Brian Baird 83%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 17%
Charlie Bass 0%
Max Baucus 57%
Evan Bayh 71%
Bob Bennett 0%
Douglas Bereuter 0%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 50%
Judy Biggert 0%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
Sherwood Boehlert 17%
Kit Bond 14%
Henry Bonilla 0%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
Leonard Boswell 67%
Rick Boucher 83%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 33%
John Breaux 29%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
Jim Bunning 14%
Conrad Burns 29%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 57%
Dave Camp 0%
Ben Campbell 50%
Chris Cannon 0%
Eric Cantor 0%
Brad Carson 50%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 0%
Linc Chafee 57%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Hillary Clinton 100%
Howard Coble 17%
Michael Collins 20%
Kent Conrad 71%
Jon Corzine 100%
Jerry Costello 67%
Christopher Cox 0%
Larry Craig 14%
Robert Cramer 50%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Thomas Daschle 67%
James Davis 50%
Jo Ann Davis 17%
Thomas Davis III 17%
Bill Delahunt 83%
Thomas DeLay 0%
James DeMint 0%
Peter Deutsch 83%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Norm Dicks 50%
John Dingell 67%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 14%
Calvin Dooley 33%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 71%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
John Edwards 71%
Chet Edwards 83%
Vern Ehlers 0%
Jo Ann Emerson 17%
Philip English 0%
John Ensign 43%
Bob Etheridge 50%
Lane Evans 83%
Terry Everett 0%
Russ Feingold 86%
Michael Ferguson 0%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 43%
Ernest Fletcher 0%
Mark Foley 0%
Harold Ford, Jr. 33%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Barney Frank 100%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 17%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 83%
Jim Gibbons 17%
Wayne Gilchrest 0%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 83%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 17%
Bart Gordon 67%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 71%
Mark Green 0%
James Greenwood 17%
Judd Gregg 29%
Gilbert Gutknecht 17%
Charles Hagel 0%
Ralph Hall 0%
Tom Harkin 86%
Jane Harman 67%
Melissa Hart 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Doc Hastings 0%
Robert Hayes 17%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Baron Hill 17%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Pete Hoekstra 17%
Thomas Holden 67%
Ernest Hollings 71%
Rush Holt, Jr. 100%
Darlene Hooley 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 50%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 0%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 33%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 0%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 17%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 40%
James Merrill Jeffords 86%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 33%
Nancy Johnson 17%
Tim Johnson 17%
Timothy Johnson 57%
Paul Kanjorski 67%
Ric Keller 0%
Sue Kelly 17%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Mark Kennedy 0%
Patrick Kennedy 83%
Dale Kildee 67%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 83%
Jack Kingston 0%
Gerald Kleczka 83%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 57%
James Kolbe 17%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 0%
Nicholas Lampson 50%
Mary Landrieu 43%
Tom Lantos 100%
Tom Latham 0%
Steve LaTourette 17%
James Leach 0%
Carl Levin 71%
Jerry Lewis 17%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 86%
Blanche Lincoln 43%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 60%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Ken Lucas 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
Don Manzullo 33%
Jim Matheson 67%
Robert Matsui 100%
Carolyn McCarthy 83%
Karen McCarthy 100%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 17%
Scott McInnis 0%
Mike McIntyre 50%
Buck McKeon 17%
Michael McNulty 83%
Martin Meehan 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 100%
Zell Bryan Miller 29%
Alan Mollohan 67%
Dennis Moore 83%
Jim Moran, Jr. 33%
Jack Murtha 50%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 29%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Robert William Ney 0%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 17%
James Nussle 0%
Jim Oberstar 83%
Dave Obey 67%
John Olver 83%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 83%
Thomas William Osborne 0%
Doug Ose 0%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ed Pastor 83%
Ron Paul 60%
Donald Payne 83%
John Peterson 0%
Tom Petri 33%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Todd Platts 0%
Richard Pombo 17%
Earl Pomeroy 67%
Deborah Pryce 0%
Jack Quinn 17%
George Radanovich 17%
Nick Rahall II 83%
James Ramstad 0%
Ralph Regula 17%
Denny Rehberg 0%
Silvestre Reyes 83%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
Jay Rockefeller IV 86%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Mike Rogers 0%
Mike Ross 67%
Steve Rothman 100%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 67%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 0%
Edward Schrock 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 0%
Christopher Shays 0%
Donald Sherwood 0%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 50%
Ike Skelton 50%
Gordon Smith 43%
Nick Smith 17%
Olympia Snowe 43%
Vic Snyder 50%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 17%
Arlen Specter 43%
John Spratt, Jr. 50%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 20%
Charles Stenholm 17%
Ted Stevens 14%
Ted Strickland 67%
Bart Stupak 67%
John Sununu 0%
John Sweeney 0%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 33%
Ellen Tauscher 67%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 17%
Gene Taylor 33%
Lee Terry 0%
Craig Thomas 14%
William Thomas 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
John Tierney 100%
Ed Towns 80%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 83%
James Turner 50%
Mark Udall 100%
George Voinovich 0%
James Walsh 17%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 14%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 83%
Henry Waxman 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 25%
Gerald Weller 0%
Robert Wexler 100%
Heather Wilson 0%
Frank Wolf 0%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 83%
Bill Young 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.