Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2002 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 30%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 29%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 29%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 43%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 17%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 83%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 86%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 17%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 17%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 83%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 83%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 57%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 71%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 83%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 83%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 0%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 50%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 14%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 86%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 14%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 86%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 17%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 83%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 83%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 83%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 67%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 17%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 14%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 43%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 67%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 83%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 86%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 83%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 83%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 83%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 57%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 71%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 86%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 0%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 83%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 67%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 33%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 80%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 14%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 83%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 86%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 17%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 83%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 17%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 50%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 83%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 17%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 17%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 67%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 0%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 0%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 83%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 83%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 83%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 83%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 83%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 83%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 83%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 0%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 14%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 14%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 86%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 0%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 83%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 83%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 67%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 83%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 83%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 57%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 17%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 17%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 83%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 57%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 17%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 67%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 83%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 83%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 14%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 67%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 0%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 33%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 86%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 71%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 86%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 67%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 67%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 83%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 80%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 33%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 86%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 33%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 83%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 0%
Wayne Allard 14%
George Allen 14%
Thomas Allen 83%
Rob Andrews 83%
Joe Baca, Sr. 100%
Brian Baird 83%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 17%
Charlie Bass 0%
Max Baucus 57%
Evan Bayh 71%
Bob Bennett 0%
Douglas Bereuter 0%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 50%
Judy Biggert 0%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
Sherwood Boehlert 17%
Kit Bond 14%
Henry Bonilla 0%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
Leonard Boswell 67%
Rick Boucher 83%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 33%
John Breaux 29%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
Jim Bunning 14%
Conrad Burns 29%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 57%
Ben Campbell 50%
Chris Cannon 0%
Brad Carson 50%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 0%
Hillary Clinton 100%
Michael Collins 20%
Kent Conrad 71%
Jon Corzine 100%
Jerry Costello 67%
Christopher Cox 0%
Larry Craig 14%
Robert Cramer 50%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Thomas Daschle 67%
James Davis 50%
Jo Ann Davis 17%
Thomas Davis III 17%
Bill Delahunt 83%
Thomas DeLay 0%
James DeMint 0%
Peter Deutsch 83%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Norm Dicks 50%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 14%
Calvin Dooley 33%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 71%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
John Edwards 71%
Chet Edwards 83%
Vern Ehlers 0%
Jo Ann Emerson 17%
Philip English 0%
John Ensign 43%
Bob Etheridge 50%
Lane Evans 83%
Terry Everett 0%
Russ Feingold 86%
Michael Ferguson 0%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 43%
Ernest Fletcher 0%
Mark Foley 0%
Harold Ford, Jr. 33%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Barney Frank 100%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 17%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 83%
Jim Gibbons 17%
Wayne Gilchrest 0%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 83%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 17%
Bart Gordon 67%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 71%
Mark Green 0%
James Greenwood 17%
Judd Gregg 29%
Gilbert Gutknecht 17%
Jane Harman 67%
Melissa Hart 0%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Robert Hayes 17%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Baron Hill 17%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Pete Hoekstra 17%
Thomas Holden 67%
Ernest Hollings 71%
Darlene Hooley 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 50%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 0%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 33%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 0%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 17%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 40%
James Merrill Jeffords 86%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 33%
Nancy Johnson 17%
Tim Johnson 17%
Paul Kanjorski 67%
Ric Keller 0%
Sue Kelly 17%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Mark Kennedy 0%
Patrick Kennedy 83%
Dale Kildee 67%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 83%
Gerald Kleczka 83%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 57%
James Kolbe 17%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
Jon Kyl 0%
Ray LaHood 0%
Nicholas Lampson 50%
Tom Lantos 100%
Steve LaTourette 17%
James Leach 0%
Jerry Lewis 17%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 86%
Blanche Lincoln 43%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 60%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
Don Manzullo 33%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 100%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 17%
Scott McInnis 0%
Michael McNulty 83%
Martin Meehan 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Zell Bryan Miller 29%
Alan Mollohan 67%
Dennis Moore 83%
Jack Murtha 50%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 29%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Robert William Ney 0%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 17%
James Nussle 0%
Jim Oberstar 83%
Dave Obey 67%
John Olver 83%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 83%
Thomas William Osborne 0%
Doug Ose 0%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ron Paul 60%
Donald Payne 83%
John Peterson 0%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Todd Platts 0%
Richard Pombo 17%
Earl Pomeroy 67%
Deborah Pryce 0%
Jack Quinn 17%
George Radanovich 17%
James Ramstad 0%
Ralph Regula 17%
Denny Rehberg 0%
Silvestre Reyes 83%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Mike Ross 67%
Steve Rothman 100%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 67%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 0%
Edward Schrock 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 0%
Christopher Shays 0%
Donald Sherwood 0%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 50%
Ike Skelton 50%
Gordon Smith 43%
Nick Smith 17%
Olympia Snowe 43%
Vic Snyder 50%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 17%
Arlen Specter 43%
John Spratt, Jr. 50%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 20%
Charles Stenholm 17%
Ted Stevens 14%
Ted Strickland 67%
Bart Stupak 67%
John Sununu 0%
John Sweeney 0%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 33%
Ellen Tauscher 67%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 17%
Gene Taylor 33%
Craig Thomas 14%
William Thomas 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Ed Towns 80%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 83%
James Turner 50%
George Voinovich 0%
James Walsh 17%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 14%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 83%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 25%
Gerald Weller 0%
Robert Wexler 100%
Heather Wilson 0%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 83%
Bill Young 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.