Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2001 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 17%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 88%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 83%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 0%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 13%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 83%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 0%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 88%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 88%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 20%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 13%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 75%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 17%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 50%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 88%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 88%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 88%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 13%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 88%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 38%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 50%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 88%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 33%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 83%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 0%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 13%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 13%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 88%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 88%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 88%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 88%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 50%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 88%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 88%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 83%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 50%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 50%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 13%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 50%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 50%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 38%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 38%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 100%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 100%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 88%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 88%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 88%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 0%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 17%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 13%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 88%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 75%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 88%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 50%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 13%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 75%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 83%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 38%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 13%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 86%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 88%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 88%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 88%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 88%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 88%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 20%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 13%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 0%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 100%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 88%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 13%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 13%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 25%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 25%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 75%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 0%
Wayne Allard 0%
George Allen 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Richard Armey 0%
Joe Baca, Sr. 88%
Brian Baird 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 75%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 13%
Charlie Bass 25%
Max Baucus 67%
Evan Bayh 83%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 88%
Douglas Bereuter 13%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 75%
Judy Biggert 13%
Michael Bilirakis 13%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Sherwood Boehlert 50%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 86%
Mary Bono Mack 13%
Robert Borski, Jr. 88%
Leonard Boswell 88%
Rick Boucher 88%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 88%
John Breaux 50%
Henry Brown, Jr. 0%
Ed Bryant 0%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 83%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 0%
Chris Cannon 0%
Jean Carnahan 83%
Brad Carson 75%
Julia Carson 86%
Mike Castle 38%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 67%
Robert Clement 63%
Hillary Clinton 100%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 88%
Kent Conrad 100%
John Cooksey 13%
Jon Corzine 100%
Jerry Costello 75%
Christopher Cox 13%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 50%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 13%
Thomas Daschle 100%
James Davis 100%
Jo Ann Davis 13%
Thomas Davis III 25%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
James DeMint 0%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Norm Dicks 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 75%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 100%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 14%
John Edwards 100%
Chet Edwards 88%
Vern Ehlers 13%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 14%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 38%
John Ensign 17%
Bob Etheridge 88%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Russ Feingold 83%
Michael Ferguson 38%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 33%
Ernest Fletcher 13%
Mark Foley 25%
Harold Ford, Jr. 86%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Barney Frank 100%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 86%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 38%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 88%
Jim Gibbons 0%
Wayne Gilchrest 38%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Benjamin Gilman 63%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
Bart Gordon 75%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 100%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Mark Green 13%
James Greenwood 25%
Judd Gregg 0%
Felix Grucci, Jr. 13%
Gilbert Gutknecht 13%
Tony Hall 71%
James Hansen 14%
Jane Harman 100%
Melissa Hart 13%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Robert Hayes 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 38%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Baron Hill 88%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 88%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 0%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 75%
Ernest Hollings 83%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Stephen Horn 50%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 29%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 13%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 88%
James Merrill Jeffords 50%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 63%
Nancy Johnson 50%
Tim Johnson 25%
Paul Kanjorski 88%
Ric Keller 0%
Sue Kelly 50%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Mark Kennedy 13%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Brian Kerns 0%
Dale Kildee 75%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 88%
Gerald Kleczka 100%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 83%
James Kolbe 13%
Dennis Kucinich 88%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 88%
Ray LaHood 25%
Nicholas Lampson 100%
Tom Lantos 100%
Steve LaTourette 25%
James Leach 50%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 50%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 67%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
William Luther 100%
James Maloney 100%
Don Manzullo 13%
Frank Mascara 75%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 88%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 25%
Scott McInnis 17%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 88%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 14%
Zell Bryan Miller 33%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
Alan Mollohan 75%
Dennis Moore 88%
Constance Morella 50%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Jack Murtha 75%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Robert William Ney 13%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 13%
Jim Oberstar 88%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 75%
Thomas William Osborne 0%
Doug Ose 25%
Major Owens 88%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ron Paul 14%
Donald Payne 100%
John Peterson 0%
David Phelps 75%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Todd Platts 14%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 88%
Deborah Pryce 13%
Jack Quinn 33%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 50%
Ralph Regula 13%
Denny Rehberg 0%
Silvestre Reyes 88%
Thomas Reynolds 25%
Bob Riley 0%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 88%
Ciro Rodriguez 88%
Timothy Roemer 75%
Mike Ross 88%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 29%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 88%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 50%
Robert Schaffer 0%
Edward Schrock 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 13%
Christopher Shays 50%
Donald Sherwood 0%
Ronnie Shows 50%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 38%
Joseph Skeen 0%
Ike Skelton 57%
Gordon Smith 33%
Nick Smith 0%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 17%
Vic Snyder 100%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 50%
John Spratt, Jr. 75%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 13%
Charles Stenholm 50%
Ted Stevens 0%
Ted Strickland 88%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 67%
John Sullivan 0%
John Sununu 0%
John Sweeney 25%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 75%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 75%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 17%
Fred Thompson 0%
Karen Thurman 100%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Robert Torricelli 83%
Ed Towns 88%
James Traficant, Jr. 25%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 88%
James Turner 75%
George Voinovich 0%
James Walsh 0%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 17%
Wesley Watkins 0%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 13%
W. Curtis Weldon 43%
Gerald Weller 13%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Heather Wilson 13%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 13%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.