Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2000 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 88%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 14%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 17%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 88%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 25%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 14%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 13%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 88%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 88%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 13%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 13%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 50%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 14%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 86%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 13%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 88%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 38%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 71%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 86%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 86%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 29%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 71%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 13%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 38%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 38%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 75%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 75%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 13%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 38%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 75%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 88%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 50%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 25%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 88%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 88%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 13%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 100%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 29%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 0%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 88%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 88%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 86%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 75%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 13%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 13%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 75%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 88%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 88%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 38%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 86%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 83%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 88%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 13%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 13%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 86%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 88%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Richard Armey 0%
Joe Baca, Sr. 63%
Brian Baird 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 0%
Max Baucus 86%
Evan Bayh 86%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 25%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 63%
Judy Biggert 0%
Michael Bilirakis 25%
Jeff Bingaman 86%
Rod Blagojevich 88%
Sherwood Boehlert 75%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 13%
David Edward Bonior 100%
Mary Bono Mack 13%
Robert Borski, Jr. 100%
Leonard Boswell 75%
Rick Boucher 75%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 33%
John Breaux 71%
Ed Bryant 0%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 29%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 86%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 14%
Chris Cannon 0%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 38%
Eva Clayton 86%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 71%
Robert Clement 38%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 75%
Kent Conrad 83%
John Cooksey 13%
Jerry Costello 50%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 25%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 13%
Randall Cunningham 13%
Thomas Daschle 86%
James Davis 88%
Thomas Davis III 13%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
James DeMint 0%
Peter Deutsch 88%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 13%
Norm Dicks 88%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 75%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 86%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 25%
John Edwards 86%
Chet Edwards 100%
Vern Ehlers 63%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 13%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 25%
Bob Etheridge 63%
Lane Evans 88%
Terry Everett 0%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 71%
Ernest Fletcher 0%
Mark Foley 38%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Barney Frank 100%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 88%
Elton Gallegly 25%
John Ganske 63%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Jim Gibbons 13%
Wayne Gilchrest 50%
Paul Gillmor 13%
Benjamin Gilman 43%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
Bart Gordon 63%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 86%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Mark Green 0%
James Greenwood 67%
Judd Gregg 0%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%
Tony Hall 88%
James Hansen 13%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Robert Hayes 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Baron Hill 43%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 75%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 13%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 63%
Ernest Hollings 86%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Stephen Horn 75%
John Nathan Hostettler 13%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 13%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 0%
Daniel Inouye 86%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 17%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 88%
James Merrill Jeffords 43%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 29%
Nancy Johnson 50%
Paul Kanjorski 88%
Sue Kelly 63%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Dale Kildee 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Gerald Kleczka 100%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 71%
James Kolbe 13%
Dennis Kucinich 88%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 100%
Ray LaHood 13%
Nicholas Lampson 88%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 38%
James Leach 43%
Jerry Lewis 13%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 57%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 75%
Trent Lott, Sr. 14%
Dick Lugar 29%
William Luther 88%
James Maloney 63%
Don Manzullo 13%
Frank Mascara 71%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 88%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 38%
Scott McInnis 13%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 86%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 88%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 13%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 100%
Alan Mollohan 75%
Dennis Moore 100%
Constance Morella 75%
Frank Murkowski 0%
Jack Murtha 75%
Sue Myrick 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 13%
Robert William Ney 13%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 13%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 25%
Jim Oberstar 100%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 88%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 63%
Doug Ose 25%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 0%
Ron Paul 25%
Donald Payne 100%
John Peterson 13%
David Phelps 38%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 71%
Deborah Pryce 13%
Jack Quinn 38%
George Radanovich 14%
James Ramstad 50%
Ralph Regula 13%
Silvestre Reyes 100%
Thomas Reynolds 0%
Bob Riley 0%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 88%
Timothy Roemer 75%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 38%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 38%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 50%
Joe Scarborough 25%
Robert Schaffer 38%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 14%
Christopher Shays 75%
Donald Sherwood 25%
Ronnie Shows 13%
Joseph Skeen 0%
Ike Skelton 63%
Gordon Smith 0%
Nick Smith 14%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 29%
Vic Snyder 88%
Mark Souder 13%
Arlen Specter 57%
Floyd Spence 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 63%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 25%
Ted Stevens 0%
Ted Strickland 75%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 100%
John Sununu 13%
John Sweeney 0%
Tom Tancredo 13%
John Tanner 29%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
William Tauzin 0%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 25%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 13%
Fred Thompson 0%
Karen Thurman 88%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 100%
James Traficant, Jr. 50%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 100%
James Turner 50%
George Voinovich 0%
James Walsh 13%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 14%
Wesley Watkins 0%
Mel Watt 75%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 13%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 13%
Gerald Weller 25%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 88%
Heather Wilson 38%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 83%
Bill Young 13%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.