Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2005 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 20%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 20%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 10%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 25%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 12%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 12%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 20%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 12%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 90%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 90%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 88%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 25%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 12%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 12%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 12%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 12%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
CA Supervisor-1 Hilda Solis 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 80%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 80%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 12%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 12%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 12%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 88%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 100%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 14%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 14%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 12%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 10%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 88%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 12%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 12%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 10%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 20%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 12%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 12%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 90%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 38%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 88%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 25%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 12%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 10%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 25%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 20%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 10%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 12%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 12%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 0%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 12%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 12%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 88%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 90%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 80%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 80%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 12%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 12%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 12%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 75%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 88%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 12%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 88%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 12%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 10%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 14%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
NA President Barack Obama II D 80%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 90%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 80%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 10%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 67%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 12%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 12%
NH State Senate-3 Jeb Bradley R 12%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 25%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 50%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 0%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 12%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 12%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 90%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 80%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 12%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 100%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 12%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 12%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 100%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 12%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 12%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 88%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 60%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 30%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 12%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 12%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 90%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 12%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-8 Mike Fitzpatrick R 38%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 12%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 88%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 12%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 12%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 50%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 80%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 88%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 20%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 12%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 20%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 10%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 12%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 88%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 12%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 20%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 12%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 12%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 14%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 12%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 12%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 12%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 12%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 12%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 88%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 12%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 12%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 12%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 12%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 88%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 12%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 12%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 20%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 12%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 12%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 12%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 80%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 90%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 90%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 100%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 12%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 12%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 12%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 100%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 12%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 10%
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 90%
Todd Akin 12%
Rodney Alexander 12%
Wayne Allard 10%
George Allen 20%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Joe Baca, Sr. 86%
Spencer Bachus 12%
Brian Baird 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
J. Gresham Barrett 12%
John Barrow 88%
Roscoe Bartlett 12%
Charlie Bass 29%
Max Baucus 60%
Evan Bayh 80%
Melissa Bean 100%
Bob Beauprez 12%
Bob Bennett 20%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 88%
Judy Biggert 25%
Michael Bilirakis 12%
Jeff Bingaman 80%
Tim Bishop 100%
Sherwood Boehlert 25%
Kit Bond 10%
Henry Bonilla 12%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 12%
Mary Bono Mack 12%
Dan Boren 88%
Leonard Boswell 83%
Rick Boucher 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 86%
Henry Brown, Jr. 12%
Ginny Brown-Waite 12%
Jim Bunning 10%
Conrad Burns 10%
Dan Burton 12%
Steve Buyer 25%
Robert Byrd 90%
Dave Camp 14%
John Campbell III 0%
Chris Cannon 12%
Eric Cantor 12%
Dennis Cardoza 88%
Russ Carnahan 100%
Julia Carson 100%
Edward Case 100%
Mike Castle 50%
Lincoln Chafee 80%
Saxby Chambliss 10%
Ben Chandler III 88%
Chris Chocola 12%
Hillary Clinton 80%
Howard Coble 14%
Thomas Coburn 30%
Norm Coleman 38%
Kent Conrad 80%
Jerry Costello 88%
Larry Craig 10%
Robert Cramer 88%
Barbara Cubin 12%
Artur Davis 88%
Geoff Davis 12%
James Davis 100%
Jo Ann Davis 14%
Lincoln Davis 88%
Thomas Davis III 14%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 12%
James DeMint 10%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 12%
Norm Dicks 100%
John Dingell 100%
Chris Dodd 90%
Elizabeth Dole 30%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 25%
John Doolittle 12%
Byron Dorgan 80%
Thelma Drake 12%
David Dreier 12%
Chet Edwards 88%
Vern Ehlers 12%
Jo Ann Emerson 38%
Philip English 12%
John Ensign 30%
Bob Etheridge 88%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Tom Feeney 14%
Russ Feingold 80%
Michael Ferguson 25%
Bob Filner 100%
Mark Foley 12%
Harold Ford, Jr. 88%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 12%
Barney Frank 100%
William Frist 20%
Elton Gallegly 12%
Jim Gerlach 62%
Jim Gibbons 38%
Wayne Gilchrest 25%
Paul Gillmor 12%
Phil Gingrey 12%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 25%
Bart Gordon 88%
Mark Green 25%
Judd Gregg 10%
Gilbert Gutknecht 25%
Charles Hagel 10%
Ralph Hall 12%
Tom Harkin 90%
Jane Harman 100%
Katherine Harris 12%
Melissa Hart 12%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Doc Hastings 12%
Robert Hayes 12%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 12%
Joel Hefley 12%
Wally Herger, Jr. 12%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 12%
Pete Hoekstra 12%
Thomas Holden 88%
Rush Holt, Jr. 100%
Darlene Hooley 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 14%
Kenny Hulshof 12%
Duncan Hunter 12%
Kay Hutchison 30%
Henry Hyde 17%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 12%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 14%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 100%
James Merrill Jeffords 70%
William Lewis Jenkins 12%
Nancy Johnson 62%
Tim Johnson 62%
Timothy Johnson 80%
Paul Kanjorski 88%
Ric Keller 12%
Sue Kelly 12%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 90%
Mark Kennedy 12%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Dale Kildee 88%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jack Kingston 12%
Joseph Knollenberg 12%
Herb Kohl 80%
James Kolbe 14%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
John Kuhl, Jr. 12%
Jon Kyl 10%
Ray LaHood 25%
Mary Landrieu 90%
Tom Lantos 100%
Tom Latham 12%
Steve LaTourette 38%
Frank Lautenberg 90%
James Leach 50%
Carl Levin 90%
Jerry Lewis 12%
Ron Lewis 12%
Joe Lieberman 90%
Blanche Lincoln 80%
John Linder 12%
Trent Lott, Sr. 10%
Dick Lugar 20%
Dan Lungren 12%
Connie Mack IV 12%
Don Manzullo 12%
Jim Marshall 75%
Melquiades Martinez 20%
Jim Matheson 88%
Carolyn McCarthy 100%
Thaddeus McCotter 25%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 38%
Mike McIntyre 88%
Buck McKeon 12%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 88%
Martin Meehan 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 100%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 88%
Mike Michaud 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Gary Miller 14%
George Miller 100%
Brad Miller 100%
Alan Mollohan 88%
Dennis Moore 100%
Jim Moran, Jr. 100%
Jack Murtha 88%
Marilyn Musgrave 12%
Sue Myrick 14%
Ben Nelson 50%
Robert William Ney 38%
Anne Northup 12%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 12%
James Nussle 12%
Jim Oberstar 88%
Dave Obey 88%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 88%
Thomas William Osborne 12%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 12%
Ed Pastor 100%
Ron Paul 75%
Donald Payne 100%
John Peterson 12%
Tom Petri 12%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 25%
Todd Platts 50%
Richard Pombo 12%
Earl Pomeroy 88%
Jon Porter, Sr. 12%
Deborah Pryce 12%
Mark Pryor 80%
George Radanovich 14%
Nick Rahall II 88%
James Ramstad 50%
Ralph Regula 12%
Denny Rehberg 12%
Richard Renzi 38%
Silvestre Reyes 83%
Thomas Reynolds 12%
Jay Rockefeller IV 100%
Mike Rogers 12%
Mike Ross 88%
Steve Rothman 100%
Jim Ryun 12%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
John Salazar 88%
Ken Salazar 80%
Rick Santorum 20%
Paul Sarbanes 90%
Jim Saxton 12%
Jean Schmidt 20%
Allyson Schwartz 100%
John Schwarz 12%
John Shadegg 12%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 12%
Christopher Shays 62%
Donald Sherwood 12%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 75%
Ike Skelton 88%
Gordon Smith 30%
Olympia Snowe 80%
Vic Snyder 88%
Mike Sodrel 12%
Mark Souder 12%
Arlen Specter 50%
John Spratt, Jr. 88%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 25%
Ted Stevens 11%
Ted Strickland 88%
Bart Stupak 88%
John Sullivan 12%
John Sununu 10%
John Sweeney 25%
James Talent 20%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 88%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
Charles Taylor 12%
Gene Taylor 86%
Lee Terry 25%
Craig Thomas 10%
William Thomas 25%
Todd Tiahrt 12%
John Tierney 100%
Ed Towns 100%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 100%
Mark Udall 100%
George Voinovich 10%
James Walsh 12%
Zach Wamp 12%
John Warner 30%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Henry Waxman 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 12%
W. Curtis Weldon 25%
Gerald Weller 12%
Robert Wexler 100%
Heather Wilson 83%
Frank Wolf 12%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 14%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.