Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2005 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 20%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 20%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 10%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 25%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 12%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 12%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 80%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 12%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 20%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 12%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 90%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 90%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 88%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 25%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 12%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 14%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 12%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 12%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 12%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 12%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 88%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 80%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 80%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 12%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 12%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 12%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 88%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 100%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 14%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 14%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 12%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 10%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 12%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 88%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 12%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 12%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 88%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 12%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 10%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 90%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 12%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 20%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 12%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 12%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 90%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 38%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 88%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 25%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 12%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 10%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 25%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 20%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 10%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 12%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 12%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 90%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 12%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 12%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 88%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 90%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 80%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 90%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 80%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 14%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 12%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 12%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 12%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 12%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 75%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 88%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 12%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 88%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 12%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 10%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 14%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
NA President Barack Obama II D 80%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 90%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 10%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 80%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 10%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 67%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 14%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 88%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 12%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 12%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 25%
NH State Senate-3 Jeb Bradley R 12%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 25%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 50%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 0%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 12%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 12%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 90%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 80%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 12%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 100%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 100%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 12%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 12%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 100%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 12%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 12%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 88%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 60%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 30%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 30%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 12%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 12%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 90%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 12%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 62%
PA U.S. House-8 Mike Fitzpatrick R 38%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 12%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 88%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 12%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 12%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 50%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 80%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 88%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 80%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 20%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 12%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 80%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 20%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 10%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 12%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 88%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 12%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 20%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 12%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 12%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 14%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 12%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 12%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 12%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 12%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 12%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 12%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 88%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 12%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 12%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 12%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 12%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 88%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 12%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 12%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 20%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 12%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 88%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 12%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 12%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 12%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 100%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 12%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 80%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 90%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 90%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 12%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 12%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 12%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 12%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 100%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 12%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 12%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 88%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 10%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 90%
Todd Akin 12%
Rodney Alexander 12%
Wayne Allard 10%
George Allen 20%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Joe Baca, Sr. 86%
Brian Baird 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
J. Gresham Barrett 12%
Roscoe Bartlett 12%
Charlie Bass 29%
Max Baucus 60%
Evan Bayh 80%
Melissa Bean 100%
Bob Beauprez 12%
Bob Bennett 20%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 88%
Judy Biggert 25%
Michael Bilirakis 12%
Jeff Bingaman 80%
Sherwood Boehlert 25%
Kit Bond 10%
Henry Bonilla 12%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 12%
Mary Bono Mack 12%
Dan Boren 88%
Leonard Boswell 83%
Rick Boucher 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 86%
Henry Brown, Jr. 12%
Ginny Brown-Waite 12%
Jim Bunning 10%
Conrad Burns 10%
Dan Burton 12%
Steve Buyer 25%
Robert Byrd 90%
Chris Cannon 12%
Dennis Cardoza 88%
Russ Carnahan 100%
Julia Carson 100%
Edward Case 100%
Mike Castle 50%
Ben Chandler III 88%
Chris Chocola 12%
Hillary Clinton 80%
Norm Coleman 38%
Kent Conrad 80%
Jerry Costello 88%
Larry Craig 10%
Robert Cramer 88%
Barbara Cubin 12%
Artur Davis 88%
Geoff Davis 12%
James Davis 100%
Jo Ann Davis 14%
Lincoln Davis 88%
Thomas Davis III 14%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 12%
James DeMint 10%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 12%
Norm Dicks 100%
Chris Dodd 90%
Elizabeth Dole 30%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 25%
John Doolittle 12%
Byron Dorgan 80%
Thelma Drake 12%
David Dreier 12%
Chet Edwards 88%
Vern Ehlers 12%
Jo Ann Emerson 38%
Philip English 12%
John Ensign 30%
Bob Etheridge 88%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Tom Feeney 14%
Russ Feingold 80%
Michael Ferguson 25%
Bob Filner 100%
Mark Foley 12%
Harold Ford, Jr. 88%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 12%
Barney Frank 100%
William Frist 20%
Elton Gallegly 12%
Jim Gibbons 38%
Wayne Gilchrest 25%
Paul Gillmor 12%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 25%
Bart Gordon 88%
Mark Green 25%
Judd Gregg 10%
Gilbert Gutknecht 25%
Jane Harman 100%
Katherine Harris 12%
Melissa Hart 12%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Robert Hayes 12%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 12%
Joel Hefley 12%
Wally Herger, Jr. 12%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 12%
Pete Hoekstra 12%
Thomas Holden 88%
Darlene Hooley 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 14%
Kenny Hulshof 12%
Duncan Hunter 12%
Kay Hutchison 30%
Henry Hyde 17%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 12%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 14%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 100%
James Merrill Jeffords 70%
William Lewis Jenkins 12%
Nancy Johnson 62%
Tim Johnson 62%
Paul Kanjorski 88%
Ric Keller 12%
Sue Kelly 12%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 90%
Mark Kennedy 12%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Dale Kildee 88%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Joseph Knollenberg 12%
Herb Kohl 80%
James Kolbe 14%
Dennis Kucinich 100%
John Kuhl, Jr. 12%
Jon Kyl 10%
Ray LaHood 25%
Tom Lantos 100%
Steve LaTourette 38%
Frank Lautenberg 90%
James Leach 50%
Jerry Lewis 12%
Ron Lewis 12%
Joe Lieberman 90%
Blanche Lincoln 80%
John Linder 12%
Trent Lott, Sr. 10%
Dick Lugar 20%
Dan Lungren 12%
Connie Mack IV 12%
Don Manzullo 12%
Jim Marshall 75%
Melquiades Martinez 20%
Thaddeus McCotter 25%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 38%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 88%
Martin Meehan 100%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 100%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 88%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Brad Miller 100%
Alan Mollohan 88%
Dennis Moore 100%
Jack Murtha 88%
Marilyn Musgrave 12%
Sue Myrick 14%
Ben Nelson 50%
Robert William Ney 38%
Anne Northup 12%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 12%
James Nussle 12%
Jim Oberstar 88%
Dave Obey 88%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 88%
Thomas William Osborne 12%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 12%
Ron Paul 75%
Donald Payne 100%
John Peterson 12%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 25%
Todd Platts 50%
Richard Pombo 12%
Earl Pomeroy 88%
Jon Porter, Sr. 12%
Deborah Pryce 12%
George Radanovich 14%
James Ramstad 50%
Ralph Regula 12%
Denny Rehberg 12%
Richard Renzi 38%
Silvestre Reyes 83%
Thomas Reynolds 12%
Mike Ross 88%
Steve Rothman 100%
Jim Ryun 12%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Ken Salazar 80%
Rick Santorum 20%
Paul Sarbanes 90%
Jim Saxton 12%
Jean Schmidt 20%
John Schwarz 12%
John Shadegg 12%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 12%
Christopher Shays 62%
Donald Sherwood 12%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 75%
Ike Skelton 88%
Gordon Smith 30%
Olympia Snowe 80%
Vic Snyder 88%
Mike Sodrel 12%
Hilda Solis 100%
Mark Souder 12%
Arlen Specter 50%
John Spratt, Jr. 88%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 25%
Ted Stevens 11%
Ted Strickland 88%
Bart Stupak 88%
John Sullivan 12%
John Sununu 10%
John Sweeney 25%
James Talent 20%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 88%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
Charles Taylor 12%
Gene Taylor 86%
Craig Thomas 10%
William Thomas 25%
Todd Tiahrt 12%
Ed Towns 100%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 100%
George Voinovich 10%
James Walsh 12%
Zach Wamp 12%
John Warner 30%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 12%
W. Curtis Weldon 25%
Gerald Weller 12%
Robert Wexler 100%
Heather Wilson 83%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 14%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.