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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
Ralph Regula 57%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 89%
Silvestre Reyes 71%
Frank Riggs 43%
Bob Riley 0%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 67%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 11%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 89%
Ciro Rodriguez 83%
Timothy Roemer 57%
James Rogan 0%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 0%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 43%
William Roth, Jr. 33%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 71%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 14%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 86%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 29%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 100%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 57%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 0%
Rick Santorum 22%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 100%
Jim Saxton 43%
Joe Scarborough 0%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Robert Schaffer 0%
Steven Schiff 14%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 14%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 71%
AL U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Sessions III Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 32 Pete Sessions Republican 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 29%
Christopher Shays 86%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 22%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 29%
E.G. Shuster 14%
Norman Sisisky 57%
David Skaggs 100%
Joseph Skeen 14%
Ike Skelton 29%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 29%
Gordon Smith 33%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 14%
Linda Smith 0%
Nick Smith 29%
Robert Smith 0%
Bob Smith 0%
Vincent Snowbarger 0%
Olympia Snowe 44%
Vic Snyder 86%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 67%
Floyd Spence 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 57%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 86%
Pete Stark 86%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 14%
Ted Stevens 22%
Louis Stokes 100%
Ted Strickland 71%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 57%
John Sununu 29%
James Talent 14%
John Tanner 43%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
William Tauzin 29%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 14%
Craig Thomas 11%
William Thomas 43%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 86%
Fred Thompson 11%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 14%
SD U.S. Senate Jr John Thune Republican 14%
Karen Thurman 100%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 14%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 100%
Esteban Edward Torres 100%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 57%
James Traficant, Jr. 43%
James Turner 57%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 43%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 71%
Bruce Vento 100%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 57%
James Walsh 14%
Zach Wamp 14%
John Warner 22%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
Wesley Watkins 0%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 43%
Gerald Weller 0%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 57%
Rick White 0%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 0%
Bob Wise, Jr. 86%
VA U.S. House 10 Frank Wolf Republican 14%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 89%
Albert Wynn 100%
Sidney Yates 100%
Bill Young 43%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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