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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Patrick Moynihan 56%
Frank Murkowski 11%
Jack Murtha 29%
Sue Myrick 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Mark Neumann 14%
Robert William Ney 43%
Don Nickles 11%
Anne Northup 14%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 14%
Jim Oberstar 43%
Dave Obey 71%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 43%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 29%
Ronald Packard 0%
Michael Pappas 43%
Mike Parker 0%
Ed Pastor 100%
Ron Paul 0%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 71%
Edward Pease 14%
John Peterson 14%
Tom Petri 29%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Owen Pickett 71%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 71%
John Edward Porter 71%
Glenn Poshard 43%
Deborah Pryce 43%
Jack Quinn 29%
George Radanovich 0%
Nick Rahall II 57%
James Ramstad 57%
Bill Redmond 0%
Ralph Regula 57%
Silvestre Reyes 71%
Frank Riggs 43%
Bob Riley 0%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 67%
Jay Rockefeller IV 89%
Ciro Rodriguez 83%
Timothy Roemer 57%
James Rogan 0%
William Roth, Jr. 33%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 71%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 57%
Rick Santorum 22%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 43%
Joe Scarborough 0%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Robert Schaffer 0%
Steven Schiff 14%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 29%
Christopher Shays 86%
E.G. Shuster 14%
Norman Sisisky 57%
David Skaggs 100%
Joseph Skeen 14%
Ike Skelton 29%
Gordon Smith 33%
Linda Smith 0%
Nick Smith 29%
Robert Smith 0%
Bob Smith 0%
Vincent Snowbarger 0%
Olympia Snowe 44%
Vic Snyder 86%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 67%
Floyd Spence 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 57%
Pete Stark 86%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 14%
Ted Stevens 22%
Louis Stokes 100%
Ted Strickland 71%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 57%
John Sununu 29%
James Talent 14%
John Tanner 43%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
William Tauzin 29%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 14%
Craig Thomas 11%
William Thomas 43%
Fred Thompson 11%
Karen Thurman 100%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 14%
John Tierney 100%
Esteban Edward Torres 100%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 57%
James Traficant, Jr. 43%
James Turner 57%
Bruce Vento 100%
James Walsh 14%
Zach Wamp 14%
John Warner 22%
Wesley Watkins 0%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
Henry Waxman 100%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 43%
Gerald Weller 0%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 57%
Rick White 0%
Bob Wise, Jr. 86%
Frank Wolf 14%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Sidney Yates 100%
Bill Young 43%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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