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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Judd Gregg 44%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 100%
Gilbert Gutknecht 14%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 11%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 14%
Tony Hall 43%
Lee Hamilton 57%
James Hansen 14%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 89%
Jane Harman 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 14%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 86%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 0%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 22%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 14%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 57%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Rick Hill 14%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 57%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 57%
David Lee Hobson 43%
Pete Hoekstra 14%
Thomas Holden 29%
Ernest Hollings 78%
Darlene Hooley 86%
Stephen Horn 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 71%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 100%
Kenny Hulshof 14%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 14%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 22%
Henry Hyde 14%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 0%
Daniel Inouye 78%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 14%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 86%
William Jefferson 57%
James Merrill Jeffords 67%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 43%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 100%
Jay Johnson 71%
Nancy Johnson 100%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 0%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 89%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 0%
Paul Kanjorski 86%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 71%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 14%
Sue Kelly 71%
Dirk Kempthorne 11%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 89%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Patrick Kennedy 71%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 100%
Bob Kerrey 78%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 100%
Dale Kildee 43%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jay Kim 14%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 86%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 29%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 0%
Gerald Kleczka 71%
Ronald Klink 57%
Scott Klug 43%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 78%
James Kolbe 71%
Dennis Kucinich 71%
Jon Kyl 11%
John LaFalce 43%
Ray LaHood 29%
Nicholas Lampson 86%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 56%
Tom Lantos 86%
Stephen Largent 0%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 0%
Steve LaTourette 43%
Frank Lautenberg 89%
Rick Lazio 57%
James Leach 71%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 89%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
Jerry Lewis 43%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 86%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 89%
John Linder 14%
William Lipinski 43%
Robert Livingston 14%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 43%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
Trent Lott, Sr. 11%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 0%
Dick Lugar 33%
William Luther 86%
Connie Mack 11%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 100%
James Maloney 86%
Thomas Manton 71%
Don Manzullo 14%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
Matthew Martinez 86%
Frank Mascara 57%
Robert Matsui 100%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 33%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 100%
Karen McCarthy 71%
Bill McCollum 0%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 11%
James McCrery III 29%
Joseph McDade 29%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 100%
Paul McHale 86%
John McHugh 29%
Scott McInnis 0%
David McIntosh 0%
NC U.S. House 7 Mike McIntyre Democratic 14%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 71%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 86%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
Jack Metcalf 29%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 0%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 57%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 86%
David Minge 57%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 86%
Alan Mollohan 29%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 86%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 14%
Constance Morella 100%
Carol Moseley Braun 78%
Patrick Moynihan 56%
Frank Murkowski 11%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 100%
Jack Murtha 29%
Sue Myrick 0%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 86%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 71%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Mark Neumann 14%
Robert William Ney 43%
Don Nickles 11%
Anne Northup 14%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 14%
Jim Oberstar 43%
Dave Obey 71%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 43%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 29%
Ronald Packard 0%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
Michael Pappas 43%
Mike Parker 0%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 71%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 100%
Ron Paul 0%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 71%
Edward Pease 14%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 29%
John Peterson 14%
WI U.S. House 6 Tom Petri Republican 29%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Owen Pickett 71%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 71%
John Edward Porter 71%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 14%
Glenn Poshard 43%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 86%
Deborah Pryce 43%
Jack Quinn 29%
George Radanovich 0%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 57%
James Ramstad 57%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 71%
Bill Redmond 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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