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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Dale Bumpers 89%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 14%
Robert Byrd 67%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 33%
Thomas Campbell 100%
Chris Cannon 14%
Julia Carson 57%
Mike Castle 71%
John Chafee 67%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 14%
William Clay, Sr. 71%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 78%
Robert Clement 71%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 57%
Kent Conrad 78%
Merrill Cook 14%
John Cooksey 14%
Jerry Costello 43%
Paul Coverdell 11%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 11%
Robert Cramer 57%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 33%
Patsy Ann Danner 57%
Thomas Daschle 89%
James Davis 71%
Thomas Davis III 71%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 57%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 43%
Jay Dickey 14%
Norm Dicks 100%
Julian Dixon 86%
Chris Dodd 89%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 11%
Calvin Dooley 100%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 89%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 14%
Chet Edwards 71%
Vern Ehlers 29%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 43%
Jo Ann Emerson 14%
Philip English 29%
John Ensign 29%
Bob Etheridge 43%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 29%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 71%
Victor Fazio 86%
Russ Feingold 89%
Bob Filner 100%
Thomas Foglietta 86%
Mark Foley 57%
Michael Patrick Forbes 29%
Harold Ford, Jr. 86%
Wendell Ford 56%
Tillie Fowler 43%
Jon David Fox 57%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 71%
William Frist 11%
Jonas Frost III 86%
Elizabeth Furse 100%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 57%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 43%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 71%
Jim Gibbons 57%
Wayne Gilchrest 57%
Paul Gillmor 14%
Benjamin Gilman 86%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 89%
Henry Gonzalez 14%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
William Goodling 29%
Bart Gordon 57%
Slade Gorton 22%
Porter Goss 14%
Daniel Graham 78%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
James Greenwood 86%
Judd Gregg 44%
Gilbert Gutknecht 14%
Tony Hall 43%
Lee Hamilton 57%
James Hansen 14%
Jane Harman 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 14%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 14%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 57%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Rick Hill 14%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 57%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 43%
Pete Hoekstra 14%
Thomas Holden 29%
Ernest Hollings 78%
Darlene Hooley 86%
Stephen Horn 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 71%
Kenny Hulshof 14%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 14%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 22%
Henry Hyde 14%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 78%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 14%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 57%
James Merrill Jeffords 67%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 43%
Jay Johnson 71%
Nancy Johnson 100%
Paul Kanjorski 86%
Sue Kelly 71%
Dirk Kempthorne 11%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 89%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Patrick Kennedy 71%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 100%
Bob Kerrey 78%
Dale Kildee 43%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jay Kim 14%
Gerald Kleczka 71%
Ronald Klink 57%
Scott Klug 43%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 78%
James Kolbe 71%
Dennis Kucinich 71%
Jon Kyl 11%
John LaFalce 43%
Ray LaHood 29%
Nicholas Lampson 86%
Tom Lantos 86%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 43%
Frank Lautenberg 89%
Rick Lazio 57%
James Leach 71%
Jerry Lewis 43%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 89%
John Linder 14%
William Lipinski 43%
Robert Livingston 14%
Trent Lott, Sr. 11%
Dick Lugar 33%
William Luther 86%
Connie Mack 11%
James Maloney 86%
Thomas Manton 71%
Don Manzullo 14%
Matthew Martinez 86%
Frank Mascara 57%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 71%
Bill McCollum 0%
James McCrery III 29%
Joseph McDade 29%
Paul McHale 86%
John McHugh 29%
Scott McInnis 0%
David McIntosh 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 71%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 86%
Jack Metcalf 29%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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