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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 33%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 89%
Wayne Allard 11%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Spencer Bachus 14%
Henry Scott Baesler 43%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 14%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 14%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 57%
Herbert Bateman 14%
Max Baucus 78%
Bob Bennett 11%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 86%
Douglas Bereuter 43%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 71%
Brian Bilbray 29%
Michael Bilirakis 29%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 86%
Kit Bond 22%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 86%
Sonny Bono 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 71%
Leonard Boswell 57%
Rick Boucher 86%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 43%
John Breaux 44%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Richard Bryan 67%
Ed Bryant 14%
Dale Bumpers 89%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 14%
Robert Byrd 67%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Dave Camp 14%
Ben Campbell 33%
Thomas Campbell 100%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 14%
Chris Cannon 14%
Julia Carson 57%
Mike Castle 71%
John Chafee 67%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 14%
William Clay, Sr. 71%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 78%
Robert Clement 71%
Howard Coble 0%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 57%
Kent Conrad 78%
Merrill Cook 14%
John Cooksey 14%
Jerry Costello 43%
Paul Coverdell 11%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 11%
Robert Cramer 57%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 33%
Patsy Ann Danner 57%
Thomas Daschle 89%
James Davis 71%
Thomas Davis III 71%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 57%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 43%
Jay Dickey 14%
Norm Dicks 100%
John Dingell 57%
Julian Dixon 86%
Chris Dodd 89%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 11%
Calvin Dooley 100%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 89%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 14%
Chet Edwards 71%
Vern Ehlers 29%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 43%
Jo Ann Emerson 14%
Philip English 29%
John Ensign 29%
Bob Etheridge 43%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 29%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
Harris Fawell 71%
Victor Fazio 86%
Russ Feingold 89%
Bob Filner 100%
Thomas Foglietta 86%
Mark Foley 57%
Michael Patrick Forbes 29%
Harold Ford, Jr. 86%
Wendell Ford 56%
Tillie Fowler 43%
Jon David Fox 57%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 71%
William Frist 11%
Jonas Frost III 86%
Elizabeth Furse 100%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 57%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 43%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 71%
Jim Gibbons 57%
Wayne Gilchrest 57%
Paul Gillmor 14%
Benjamin Gilman 86%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 89%
Henry Gonzalez 14%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
William Goodling 29%
Bart Gordon 57%
Slade Gorton 22%
Porter Goss 14%
Daniel Graham 78%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
James Greenwood 86%
Judd Gregg 44%
Gilbert Gutknecht 14%
Charles Hagel 11%
Ralph Hall 14%
Tony Hall 43%
Lee Hamilton 57%
James Hansen 14%
Tom Harkin 89%
Jane Harman 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 14%
Doc Hastings 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 14%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 57%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Rick Hill 14%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 57%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 43%
Pete Hoekstra 14%
Thomas Holden 29%
Ernest Hollings 78%
Darlene Hooley 86%
Stephen Horn 100%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 71%
Kenny Hulshof 14%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 14%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 22%
Henry Hyde 14%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 0%
Daniel Inouye 78%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 14%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 57%
James Merrill Jeffords 67%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 43%
Jay Johnson 71%
Nancy Johnson 100%
Timothy Johnson 89%
Paul Kanjorski 86%
Sue Kelly 71%
Dirk Kempthorne 11%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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