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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 67%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 22%
AL U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Sessions III Republican 0%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 33%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 100%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 0%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 11%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 89%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 14%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 11%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 11%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 14%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 11%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 56%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 100%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 56%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 86%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 11%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 0%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 0%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 89%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 14%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 0%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 0%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 89%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 0%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 89%
SD U.S. Senate Jr John Thune Republican 14%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 22%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 89%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 100%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 89%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 11%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 0%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 0%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 14%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 29%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 86%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 86%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 14%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 14%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 0%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 0%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 86%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 43%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 0%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 71%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 86%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 0%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 86%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 29%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 57%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 0%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 0%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 71%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 100%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 100%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 14%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 43%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 57%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 29%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 86%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 86%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 7 Mike McIntyre Democratic 14%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 43%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 29%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 71%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 71%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 29%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 71%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 86%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 71%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 71%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 29%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 71%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 0%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 43%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 0%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 86%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 14%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 14%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 14%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 14%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 57%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 86%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 14%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 86%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 100%
TX U.S. House 32 Pete Sessions Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 86%
VA U.S. House 10 Frank Wolf Republican 14%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 0%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 100%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 86%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 14%
WI U.S. House 6 Tom Petri Republican 29%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 57%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 0%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 14%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 33%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 14%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 11%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 100%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 86%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 33%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 89%
Wayne Allard 11%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 43%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 14%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 14%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 57%
Herbert Bateman 14%
Max Baucus 78%
Bob Bennett 11%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 86%
Douglas Bereuter 43%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 71%
Brian Bilbray 29%
Michael Bilirakis 29%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 86%
Kit Bond 22%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 86%
Sonny Bono 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 71%
Leonard Boswell 57%
Rick Boucher 86%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 43%
John Breaux 44%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Richard Bryan 67%
Ed Bryant 14%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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