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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 33%
Gary Ackerman 100%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 89%
Wayne Allard 11%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 14%
Henry Scott Baesler 43%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 100%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 14%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 86%
Bill Barrett 14%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 14%
Charlie Bass 57%
Herbert Bateman 14%
Max Baucus 78%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
Bob Bennett 11%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 86%
Douglas Bereuter 43%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 71%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 67%
Brian Bilbray 29%
Michael Bilirakis 29%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 71%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 86%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
Kit Bond 22%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 86%
Sonny Bono 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 71%
Leonard Boswell 57%
Rick Boucher 86%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 43%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 0%
John Breaux 44%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 0%
Richard Bryan 67%
Ed Bryant 14%
Dale Bumpers 89%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 14%
Robert Byrd 67%
Herbert Callahan 0%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 14%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 14%
Ben Campbell 33%
Thomas Campbell 100%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 14%
Chris Cannon 14%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 100%
Julia Carson 57%
Mike Castle 71%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 29%
John Chafee 67%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 0%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 14%
William Clay, Sr. 71%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 78%
Robert Clement 71%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 86%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 11%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 0%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 11%
Michael Collins 0%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 56%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 57%
Kent Conrad 78%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
Merrill Cook 14%
John Cooksey 14%
Jerry Costello 43%
Paul Coverdell 11%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 11%
Robert Cramer 57%
Philip Crane 0%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 14%
Barbara Cubin 0%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 33%
Patsy Ann Danner 57%
Thomas Daschle 89%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
James Davis 71%
Thomas Davis III 71%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 0%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
Bill Delahunt 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 57%
Peter Deutsch 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 33%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 43%
Jay Dickey 14%
Norm Dicks 100%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 57%
Julian Dixon 86%
Chris Dodd 89%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 11%
Calvin Dooley 100%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 89%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 43%
David Dreier 0%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 14%
Jennifer Dunn 14%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
Chet Edwards 71%
Vern Ehlers 29%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 43%
Jo Ann Emerson 14%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
Philip English 29%
John Ensign 29%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 11%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
Bob Etheridge 43%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 29%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 0%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 86%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
Harris Fawell 71%
Victor Fazio 86%
Russ Feingold 89%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Thomas Foglietta 86%
Mark Foley 57%
Michael Patrick Forbes 29%
Harold Ford, Jr. 86%
Wendell Ford 56%
Tillie Fowler 43%
Jon David Fox 57%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 71%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 71%
William Frist 11%
Jonas Frost III 86%
Elizabeth Furse 100%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 57%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 43%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 71%
Jim Gibbons 57%
Wayne Gilchrest 57%
Paul Gillmor 14%
Benjamin Gilman 86%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 89%
Henry Gonzalez 14%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
William Goodling 29%
Bart Gordon 57%
Slade Gorton 22%
Porter Goss 14%
Daniel Graham 78%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 0%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 0%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 11%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 86%
James Greenwood 86%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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