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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Taxpayers Union

1998 Spending Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 65%
Gary Ackerman 14%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 9%
Wayne Allard 74%
Thomas Allen 12%
Rob Andrews 27%
Bill Archer 65%
Richard Armey 55%
John Ashcroft 80%
Richard Hugh Baker 51%
Cass Ballenger 69%
James Barcia 24%
Bob Barr, Jr. 76%
Bill Barrett 61%
Roscoe Bartlett 66%
Charlie Bass 47%
Herbert Bateman 43%
Max Baucus 22%
Bob Bennett 50%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 27%
Douglas Bereuter 33%
Howard Berman 17%
Marion Berry 30%
Brian Bilbray 52%
Michael Bilirakis 53%
Jeff Bingaman 14%
Rod Blagojevich 14%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 50%
Sherwood Boehlert 28%
Kit Bond 53%
Henry Bonilla 66%
David Edward Bonior 16%
Mary Bono Mack 53%
Robert Borski, Jr. 13%
Leonard Boswell 23%
Rick Boucher 13%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 28%
John Breaux 15%
Richard Bryan 13%
Ed Bryant 50%
Jim Bunning 46%
Conrad Burns 64%
Dan Burton 51%
Steve Buyer 45%
Robert Byrd 27%
Herbert Callahan 50%
Ben Campbell 54%
Thomas Campbell 68%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 53%
Chris Cannon 62%
Julia Carson 17%
Mike Castle 54%
John Chafee 36%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 60%
William Clay, Sr. 12%
Eva Clayton 14%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 14%
Robert Clement 14%
Michael Collins 61%
Larry Combest 52%
Gary Condit 49%
Kent Conrad 10%
Merrill Cook 48%
John Cooksey 48%
Jerry Costello 22%
Paul Coverdell 66%
Christopher Cox 75%
William Coyne 17%
Larry Craig 65%
Robert Cramer 30%
Philip Crane 83%
Barbara Cubin 63%
Randall Cunningham 54%
Patsy Ann Danner 34%
Thomas Daschle 12%
James Davis 22%
Thomas Davis III 41%
Bill Delahunt 18%
Thomas DeLay 57%
Peter Deutsch 31%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 44%
Jay Dickey 51%
Norm Dicks 14%
Julian Dixon 9%
Chris Dodd 15%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 58%
Calvin Dooley 25%
John Doolittle 55%
Byron Dorgan 12%
David Dreier 54%
Jennifer Dunn 51%
Chet Edwards 31%
Vern Ehlers 51%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 55%
Jo Ann Emerson 51%
Philip English 46%
Bob Etheridge 21%
Lane Evans 15%
Terry Everett 51%
Thomas Ewing 50%
Russ Feingold 35%
Bob Filner 24%
Mark Foley 60%
Michael Patrick Forbes 38%
Harold Ford, Jr. 14%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 50%
Tillie Fowler 46%
Barney Frank 18%
Robert Franks 50%
William Frist 59%
Jonas Frost III 14%
Elton Gallegly 48%
John Ganske 36%
Sam Gejdenson 14%
George Gekas 46%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 14%
Jim Gibbons 52%
Wayne Gilchrest 42%
Paul Gillmor 42%
Benjamin Gilman 42%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 53%
William Goodling 52%
Bart Gordon 22%
Slade Gorton 56%
Porter Goss 72%
Daniel Graham 12%
William Phillip Gramm 73%
Rodney Grams 73%
James Greenwood 47%
Judd Gregg 63%
Gilbert Gutknecht 48%
Tony Hall 17%
James Hansen 56%
J. Dennis Hastert 51%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 72%
Joel Hefley 72%
Jesse Helms 71%
Wally Herger, Jr. 73%
Rick Hill 46%
Van Hilleary 61%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 15%
Maurice Hinchey 16%
David Lee Hobson 65%
Pete Hoekstra 83%
Thomas Holden 20%
Ernest Hollings 17%
Darlene Hooley 22%
Stephen Horn 42%
John Nathan Hostettler 58%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 29%
Kenny Hulshof 48%
Duncan Hunter 66%
Asa Hutchinson 50%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 70%
Kay Hutchison 64%
Henry Hyde 61%
Daniel Inouye 15%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 64%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 20%
William Jefferson 14%
James Merrill Jeffords 32%
William Lewis Jenkins 50%
Christopher John 24%
Nancy Johnson 28%
Paul Kanjorski 20%
Sue Kelly 43%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 9%
Patrick Kennedy 19%
Bob Kerrey 22%
Dale Kildee 14%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 15%
Gerald Kleczka 27%
Ronald Klink 20%
Joseph Knollenberg 50%
Herb Kohl 28%
James Kolbe 63%
Dennis Kucinich 22%
Jon Kyl 88%
John LaFalce 23%
Ray LaHood 45%
Nicholas Lampson 8%
Tom Lantos 14%
Stephen Largent 79%
Steve LaTourette 42%
Frank Lautenberg 13%
Rick Lazio 43%
James Leach 42%
Jerry Lewis 44%
Ron Lewis 51%
Joe Lieberman 17%
John Linder 53%
William Lipinski 18%
Trent Lott, Sr. 61%
Dick Lugar 63%
William Luther 27%
Connie Mack 64%
James Maloney 31%
Don Manzullo 63%
Matthew Martinez 10%
Frank Mascara 14%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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