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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Taxpayers Union

1998 Spending Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 12%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 65%
Gary Ackerman 14%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 46%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 9%
Wayne Allard 74%
Thomas Allen 12%
Rob Andrews 27%
Bill Archer 65%
Richard Armey 55%
John Ashcroft 80%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 59%
Richard Hugh Baker 51%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 13%
Cass Ballenger 69%
James Barcia 24%
Bob Barr, Jr. 76%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 42%
Bill Barrett 61%
Roscoe Bartlett 66%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 75%
Charlie Bass 47%
Herbert Bateman 43%
Max Baucus 22%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 16%
Bob Bennett 50%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 27%
Douglas Bereuter 33%
Howard Berman 17%
Marion Berry 30%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 15%
Brian Bilbray 52%
Michael Bilirakis 53%
Jeff Bingaman 14%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 22%
Rod Blagojevich 14%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 50%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 23%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 54%
Sherwood Boehlert 28%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 66%
Kit Bond 53%
Henry Bonilla 66%
David Edward Bonior 16%
Mary Bono Mack 53%
Robert Borski, Jr. 13%
Leonard Boswell 23%
Rick Boucher 13%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 14%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 28%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 60%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 20%
John Breaux 15%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 12%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 34%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 68%
Richard Bryan 13%
Ed Bryant 50%
Jim Bunning 46%
Conrad Burns 64%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 75%
Dan Burton 51%
Steve Buyer 45%
Robert Byrd 27%
Herbert Callahan 50%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 49%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 50%
Ben Campbell 54%
Thomas Campbell 68%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 53%
Chris Cannon 62%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 17%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 27%
Julia Carson 17%
Mike Castle 54%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 82%
John Chafee 36%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 49%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 60%
William Clay, Sr. 12%
Eva Clayton 14%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 14%
Robert Clement 14%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 13%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 62%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 78%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 57%
Michael Collins 61%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 53%
Larry Combest 52%
Gary Condit 49%
Kent Conrad 10%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 22%
Merrill Cook 48%
John Cooksey 48%
Jerry Costello 22%
Paul Coverdell 66%
Christopher Cox 75%
William Coyne 17%
Larry Craig 65%
Robert Cramer 30%
Philip Crane 83%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 51%
Barbara Cubin 63%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 14%
Randall Cunningham 54%
Patsy Ann Danner 34%
Thomas Daschle 12%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 20%
James Davis 22%
Thomas Davis III 41%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 73%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 31%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 21%
Bill Delahunt 18%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 13%
Thomas DeLay 57%
Peter Deutsch 31%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 49%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 44%
Jay Dickey 51%
Norm Dicks 14%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 12%
Julian Dixon 9%
Chris Dodd 15%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 28%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 58%
Calvin Dooley 25%
John Doolittle 55%
Byron Dorgan 12%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 15%
David Dreier 54%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 65%
Jennifer Dunn 51%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 11%
Chet Edwards 31%
Vern Ehlers 51%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 55%
Jo Ann Emerson 51%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 15%
Philip English 46%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 70%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 25%
Bob Etheridge 21%
Lane Evans 15%
Terry Everett 51%
Thomas Ewing 50%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 15%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 16%
Russ Feingold 35%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 14%
Bob Filner 24%
Mark Foley 60%
Michael Patrick Forbes 38%
Harold Ford, Jr. 14%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 50%
Tillie Fowler 46%
Barney Frank 18%
Robert Franks 50%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 57%
William Frist 59%
Jonas Frost III 14%
Elton Gallegly 48%
John Ganske 36%
Sam Gejdenson 14%
George Gekas 46%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 14%
Jim Gibbons 52%
Wayne Gilchrest 42%
Paul Gillmor 42%
Benjamin Gilman 42%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 53%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 61%
William Goodling 52%
Bart Gordon 22%
Slade Gorton 56%
Porter Goss 72%
Daniel Graham 12%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 72%
William Phillip Gramm 73%
Rodney Grams 73%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 49%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 56%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 24%
James Greenwood 47%
Judd Gregg 63%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 18%
Gilbert Gutknecht 48%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 66%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 63%
Tony Hall 17%
James Hansen 56%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 10%
J. Dennis Hastert 51%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 28%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 59%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 57%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 72%
Joel Hefley 72%
Jesse Helms 71%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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