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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Taxpayers Union

1997 Spending Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 80%
Gary Ackerman 27%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 12%
Wayne Allard 81%
Thomas Allen 28%
Rob Andrews 38%
Bill Archer 55%
Richard Armey 60%
John Ashcroft 85%
Henry Scott Baesler 28%
Richard Hugh Baker 47%
Cass Ballenger 58%
James Barcia 39%
Bob Barr, Jr. 72%
Bill Barrett 47%
Roscoe Bartlett 64%
Charlie Bass 62%
Herbert Bateman 39%
Max Baucus 48%
Bob Bennett 69%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 29%
Douglas Bereuter 44%
Howard Berman 27%
Marion Berry 34%
Brian Bilbray 53%
Michael Bilirakis 48%
Jeff Bingaman 23%
Rod Blagojevich 29%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 51%
Sherwood Boehlert 40%
Kit Bond 71%
Henry Bonilla 52%
David Edward Bonior 31%
Robert Borski, Jr. 15%
Leonard Boswell 34%
Rick Boucher 15%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 32%
John Breaux 46%
George Brown, Jr. 21%
Richard Bryan 48%
Ed Bryant 62%
Dale Bumpers 17%
Jim Bunning 49%
Conrad Burns 78%
Dan Burton 64%
Steve Buyer 53%
Robert Byrd 20%
Herbert Callahan 53%
Ben Campbell 72%
Thomas Campbell 69%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 54%
Chris Cannon 63%
Julia Carson 31%
Mike Castle 54%
John Chafee 59%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 62%
Jon Lynn Christensen 63%
William Clay, Sr. 21%
Eva Clayton 22%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 28%
Robert Clement 31%
Michael Collins 61%
Larry Combest 63%
Gary Condit 53%
Kent Conrad 31%
Merrill Cook 50%
John Cooksey 52%
Jerry Costello 31%
Paul Coverdell 77%
Christopher Cox 64%
William Coyne 26%
Larry Craig 82%
Robert Cramer 39%
Philip Crane 66%
Barbara Cubin 60%
Randall Cunningham 58%
Alfonse D'Amato 57%
Patsy Ann Danner 51%
Thomas Daschle 17%
James Davis 37%
Thomas Davis III 46%
Bill Delahunt 27%
Thomas DeLay 55%
Peter Deutsch 35%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 44%
Jay Dickey 53%
Norm Dicks 27%
Julian Dixon 14%
Chris Dodd 22%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 67%
Calvin Dooley 39%
John Doolittle 61%
Byron Dorgan 17%
David Dreier 54%
Jennifer Dunn 55%
Chet Edwards 30%
Vern Ehlers 58%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 58%
Jo Ann Emerson 52%
Philip English 55%
John Ensign 68%
Bob Etheridge 26%
Lane Evans 29%
Terry Everett 57%
Thomas Ewing 52%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 76%
Harris Fawell 51%
Victor Fazio 25%
Russ Feingold 30%
Bob Filner 23%
Thomas Foglietta 30%
Mark Foley 59%
Michael Patrick Forbes 57%
Harold Ford, Jr. 26%
Wendell Ford 22%
Tillie Fowler 56%
Jon David Fox 51%
Barney Frank 27%
Robert Franks 62%
William Frist 77%
Jonas Frost III 23%
Elizabeth Furse 33%
Elton Gallegly 46%
John Ganske 58%
Sam Gejdenson 27%
George Gekas 56%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 16%
Jim Gibbons 61%
Wayne Gilchrest 44%
Paul Gillmor 51%
Benjamin Gilman 44%
Newt Gingrich 80%
John Glenn 23%
Henry Gonzalez 17%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 53%
William Goodling 57%
Bart Gordon 41%
Slade Gorton 66%
Porter Goss 59%
Daniel Graham 43%
William Phillip Gramm 83%
Rodney Grams 77%
James Greenwood 49%
Judd Gregg 86%
Gilbert Gutknecht 60%
Tony Hall 31%
Lee Hamilton 28%
James Hansen 54%
Jane Harman 44%
J. Dennis Hastert 51%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 61%
Joel Hefley 67%
W.G. Hefner 23%
Jesse Helms 76%
Wally Herger, Jr. 64%
Rick Hill 49%
Van Hilleary 68%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 21%
Maurice Hinchey 27%
David Lee Hobson 49%
Pete Hoekstra 78%
Thomas Holden 29%
Ernest Hollings 23%
Darlene Hooley 37%
Stephen Horn 48%
John Nathan Hostettler 65%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 39%
Kenny Hulshof 56%
Duncan Hunter 53%
Asa Hutchinson 58%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 86%
Kay Hutchison 84%
Henry Hyde 44%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 72%
Daniel Inouye 13%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 60%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 24%
William Jefferson 14%
James Merrill Jeffords 57%
William Lewis Jenkins 48%
Christopher John 40%
Jay Johnson 26%
Nancy Johnson 40%
Paul Kanjorski 26%
Sue Kelly 50%
Dirk Kempthorne 80%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 10%
Joseph Kennedy II 28%
Patrick Kennedy 23%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 28%
Bob Kerrey 39%
Dale Kildee 26%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 23%
Jay Kim 48%
Gerald Kleczka 38%
Ronald Klink 25%
Scott Klug 69%
Joseph Knollenberg 45%
Herb Kohl 56%
James Kolbe 54%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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