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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Taxpayers Union

1997 Spending Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 23%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 80%
Gary Ackerman 27%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 57%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 12%
Wayne Allard 81%
Thomas Allen 28%
Rob Andrews 38%
Bill Archer 55%
Richard Armey 60%
John Ashcroft 85%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 57%
Henry Scott Baesler 28%
Richard Hugh Baker 47%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 33%
Cass Ballenger 58%
James Barcia 39%
Bob Barr, Jr. 72%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 43%
Bill Barrett 47%
Roscoe Bartlett 64%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 61%
Charlie Bass 62%
Herbert Bateman 39%
Max Baucus 48%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 28%
Bob Bennett 69%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 29%
Douglas Bereuter 44%
Howard Berman 27%
Marion Berry 34%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 34%
Brian Bilbray 53%
Michael Bilirakis 48%
Jeff Bingaman 23%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 26%
Rod Blagojevich 29%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 51%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 28%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 57%
Sherwood Boehlert 40%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 55%
Kit Bond 71%
Henry Bonilla 52%
David Edward Bonior 31%
Robert Borski, Jr. 15%
Leonard Boswell 34%
Rick Boucher 15%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 14%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 32%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 64%
John Breaux 46%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 16%
George Brown, Jr. 21%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 37%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 84%
Richard Bryan 48%
Ed Bryant 62%
Dale Bumpers 17%
Jim Bunning 49%
Conrad Burns 78%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 59%
Dan Burton 64%
Steve Buyer 53%
Robert Byrd 20%
Herbert Callahan 53%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 50%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 58%
Ben Campbell 72%
Thomas Campbell 69%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 54%
Chris Cannon 63%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 30%
Julia Carson 31%
Mike Castle 54%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 74%
John Chafee 59%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 55%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 62%
Jon Lynn Christensen 63%
William Clay, Sr. 21%
Eva Clayton 22%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 28%
Robert Clement 31%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 19%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 78%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 66%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 69%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 68%
Michael Collins 61%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 62%
Larry Combest 63%
Gary Condit 53%
Kent Conrad 31%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 27%
Merrill Cook 50%
John Cooksey 52%
Jerry Costello 31%
Paul Coverdell 77%
Christopher Cox 64%
William Coyne 26%
Larry Craig 82%
Robert Cramer 39%
Philip Crane 66%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 58%
Barbara Cubin 60%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 29%
Randall Cunningham 58%
Alfonse D'Amato 57%
Patsy Ann Danner 51%
Thomas Daschle 17%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 23%
James Davis 37%
Thomas Davis III 46%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 62%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 40%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 30%
Bill Delahunt 27%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 28%
Thomas DeLay 55%
Peter Deutsch 35%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 67%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 44%
Jay Dickey 53%
Norm Dicks 27%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 29%
Julian Dixon 14%
Chris Dodd 22%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 42%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 67%
Calvin Dooley 39%
John Doolittle 61%
Byron Dorgan 17%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 40%
David Dreier 54%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 75%
Jennifer Dunn 55%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 17%
Chet Edwards 30%
Vern Ehlers 58%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 58%
Jo Ann Emerson 52%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 22%
Philip English 55%
John Ensign 68%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 81%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 36%
Bob Etheridge 26%
Lane Evans 29%
Terry Everett 57%
Thomas Ewing 52%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 76%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 25%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 31%
Harris Fawell 51%
Victor Fazio 25%
Russ Feingold 30%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 32%
Bob Filner 23%
Thomas Foglietta 30%
Mark Foley 59%
Michael Patrick Forbes 57%
Harold Ford, Jr. 26%
Wendell Ford 22%
Tillie Fowler 56%
Jon David Fox 51%
Barney Frank 27%
Robert Franks 62%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 48%
William Frist 77%
Jonas Frost III 23%
Elizabeth Furse 33%
Elton Gallegly 46%
John Ganske 58%
Sam Gejdenson 27%
George Gekas 56%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 16%
Jim Gibbons 61%
Wayne Gilchrest 44%
Paul Gillmor 51%
Benjamin Gilman 44%
Newt Gingrich 80%
John Glenn 23%
Henry Gonzalez 17%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 53%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 61%
William Goodling 57%
Bart Gordon 41%
Slade Gorton 66%
Porter Goss 59%
Daniel Graham 43%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 65%
William Phillip Gramm 83%
Rodney Grams 77%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 51%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 75%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 28%
James Greenwood 49%
Judd Gregg 86%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 29%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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