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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Communications Workers of America

1996 Positions on Workplace Rights

State Office District Name Party Rating
Porter Goss 44%
Daniel Graham 38%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 56%
William Phillip Gramm 88%
Rodney Grams 75%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 88%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 38%
Enid Greene 0%
James Greenwood 44%
Judd Gregg 88%
Steven Gunderson 25%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 44%
Gilbert Gutknecht 56%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 56%
Tony Hall 29%
Lee Hamilton 56%
Melton Hancock 0%
James Hansen 56%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 25%
Jane Harman 56%
J. Dennis Hastert 56%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 44%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 50%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 88%
Mark Hatfield 12%
James Hayes 25%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 56%
Joel Hefley 56%
W.G. Hefner 67%
Fredrick Kenneth Fred' Heineman 12%
Jesse Helms 88%
Wally Herger, Jr. 56%
Van Hilleary 56%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 33%
Maurice Hinchey 44%
David Lee Hobson 56%
Pete Hoekstra 56%
Martin Hoke 12%
Thomas Holden 44%
Ernest Hollings 50%
Stephen Horn 44%
John Nathan Hostettler 44%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 33%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 43%
Duncan Hunter 56%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 67%
Kay Hutchison 88%
Henry Hyde 44%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 63%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 88%
Daniel Inouye 25%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 44%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 44%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 38%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 88%
William Jefferson 33%
James Merrill Jeffords 50%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 38%
Nancy Johnson 56%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 44%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 44%
Harry Johnston 88%
J. Bennett Johnston 71%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 67%
Paul Kanjorski 44%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 56%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 44%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 12%
Sue Kelly 44%
Dirk Kempthorne 88%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 13%
Joseph Kennedy II 44%
Patrick Kennedy 44%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 44%
Bob Kerrey 14%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 25%
Dale Kildee 44%
Jay Kim 56%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 33%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 63%
Gerald Kleczka 44%
Ronald Klink 56%
Scott Klug 67%
Joseph Knollenberg 56%
Herb Kohl 38%
James Kolbe 56%
Jon Kyl 88%
John LaFalce 33%
Ray LaHood 56%
Tom Lantos 44%
Stephen Largent 44%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 56%
Steve LaTourette 44%
Greg Laughlin 0%
Frank Lautenberg 13%
Rick Lazio 67%
James Leach 44%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 14%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 25%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 44%
Jerry Lewis 56%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 44%
Ron Lewis 56%
Joe Lieberman 38%
Jim Lightfoot 0%
Blanche Lincoln 38%
John Linder 56%
William Lipinski 56%
Robert Livingston 44%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 56%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 33%
James Longley, Jr. 12%
Trent Lott, Sr. 88%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 44%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 56%
Dick Lugar 88%
William Luther 44%
Connie Mack 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 33%
Thomas Manton 44%
Don Manzullo 56%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 44%
Matthew Martinez 25%
Bill Martini 38%
Frank Mascara 44%
Robert Matsui 33%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 88%
Karen McCarthy 44%
Bill McCollum 56%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 75%
James McCrery III 56%
Joseph McDade 25%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 33%
Paul McHale 44%
John McHugh 33%
Scott McInnis 67%
David McIntosh 56%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 56%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 44%
Michael McNulty 29%
Martin Meehan 44%
Carrie Meek 38%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 44%
Jack Metcalf 33%
Jan Meyers 0%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 56%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 25%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 29%
Dan Miller 56%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 44%
David Minge 56%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 44%
John Moakley 38%
Susan Molinari 50%
Alan Mollohan 44%
G.V. Montgomery 0%
Carlos Moorhead 0%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 44%
Constance Morella 56%
Carol Moseley Braun 25%
Patrick Moynihan 13%
Frank Murkowski 63%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 13%
Jack Murtha 44%
IN Council Member At-Large John Myers Republican 0%
Sue Myrick 56%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 44%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 38%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 56%
Mark Neumann 33%
Robert William Ney 22%
Don Nickles 88%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 56%
Sam Nunn 62%
James Nussle 56%
Jim Oberstar 38%
Dave Obey 63%
John Olver 44%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 38%
Bill Orton 62%
Major Owens 44%
Michael Oxley 44%
Ronald Packard 56%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 56%
Mike Parker 56%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 33%
William Paxon 56%
Donald Payne 44%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 50%
Clay Pell 83%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 44%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 56%
Pete Peterson 62%
WI U.S. House 6 Tom Petri Republican 56%
Owen Pickett 67%
Richard Pombo 67%
Earl Pomeroy 44%
John Edward Porter 56%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 44%
Glenn Poshard 33%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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