Rating Group: Concord Coalition

1997 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 56%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 62%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 57%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 77%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 50%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 38%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 64%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 79%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 62%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 41%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 53%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 43%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 62%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 43%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 65%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 60%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 42%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 33%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 72%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 56%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 53%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 66%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 46%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 66%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 56%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 51%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 66%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 47%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 70%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 67%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 72%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 39%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 40%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 52%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 36%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 49%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 43%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 54%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 58%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 45%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 34%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 42%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 44%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 48%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 50%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 60%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matthew Salmon R 40%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 54%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 51%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 44%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 63%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 56%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 57%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 62%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 70%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 46%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 42%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 65%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 49%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 56%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 32%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 59%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 50%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 50%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 68%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 42%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 31%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 26%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 61%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 55%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 59%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 45%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 62%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 34%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 38%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 22%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 52%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 68%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 56%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 48%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 62%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 24%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 47%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 58%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 59%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 64%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 76%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 68%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 51%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 48%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 66%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 43%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 43%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 62%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 51%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 45%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 62%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 57%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 67%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 66%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 64%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 39%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 60%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 33%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 32%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 68%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 24%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 28%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 30%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 59%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 43%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 76%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 57%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 16%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 56%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 43%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 46%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 58%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 74%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 54%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 52%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 45%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 78%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 63%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 54%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 44%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 71%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 58%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 58%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 62%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 45%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 66%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 52%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 35%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 64%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 84%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 49%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 60%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 62%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 64%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 58%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 32%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 64%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 86%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 82%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 76%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 24%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 58%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 54%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 73%
OH Governor John Kasich R 68%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 60%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 63%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 58%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 67%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 37%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 90%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 70%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 70%
Gary Ackerman 51%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 38%
Wayne Allard 45%
Thomas Allen 64%
Rob Andrews 76%
Bill Archer 62%
Richard Armey 68%
John Ashcroft 46%
Henry Scott Baesler 43%
Richard Hugh Baker 50%
Cass Ballenger 61%
James Barcia 62%
Robert Barr, Jr. 60%
Bill Barrett 56%
Roscoe Bartlett 58%
Charlie Bass 76%
Herbert Bateman 56%
Max Baucus 58%
Bob Bennett 64%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 68%
Douglas Bereuter 66%
Howard Berman 60%
Marion Berry 41%
Brian Bilbray 66%
Michael Bilirakis 58%
Jeff Bingaman 40%
Rod Blagojevich 72%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 70%
Sherwood Boehlert 63%
Kit Bond 60%
Henry Bonilla 41%
David Edward Bonior 55%
Robert Borski, Jr. 22%
Leonard Boswell 68%
Rick Boucher 24%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 66%
John Breaux 67%
George Brown, Jr. 45%
Richard Bryan 74%
Ed Bryant 49%
Dale Bumpers 45%
Jim Bunning 56%
Conrad Burns 65%
Dan Burton 56%
Steve Buyer 46%
Robert Byrd 51%
Herbert Callahan 60%
Ben Campbell 60%
Thomas Campbell 90%
Chris Cannon 64%
Julia Carson 66%
Mike Castle 82%
John Chafee 71%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 38%
Jon Lynn Christensen 70%
William Clay, Sr. 21%
Eva Clayton 62%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 50%
Robert Clement 63%
Michael Collins 66%
Larry Combest 60%
Gary Condit 66%
Kent Conrad 61%
Merrill Cook 54%
John Cooksey 48%
Jerry Costello 63%
Paul Coverdell 55%
Christopher Cox 51%
William Coyne 45%
Larry Craig 73%
Robert Cramer 50%
Philip Crane 51%
Barbara Cubin 39%
Randall Cunningham 62%
Alfonse D'Amato 56%
Patsy Ann Danner 51%
Thomas Daschle 45%
James Davis 86%
Thomas Davis III 54%
Bill Delahunt 44%
Thomas DeLay 66%
Peter Deutsch 80%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 56%
Jay Dickey 35%
Norm Dicks 56%
Julian Dixon 37%
Chris Dodd 47%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 60%
Calvin Dooley 80%
John Doolittle 45%
Byron Dorgan 35%
David Dreier 47%
Jennifer Dunn 60%
Chet Edwards 60%
Vern Ehlers 70%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 62%
Jo Ann Emerson 50%
Philip English 58%
John Ensign 77%
Bob Etheridge 37%
Lane Evans 43%
Terry Everett 56%
Thomas Ewing 62%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 39%
Harris Fawell 72%
Victor Fazio 58%
Russ Feingold 71%
Bob Filner 34%
Thomas Foglietta 70%
Mark Foley 70%
Michael Patrick Forbes 47%
Harold Ford, Jr. 62%
Wendell Ford 29%
Tillie Fowler 61%
Jon David Fox 56%
Barney Frank 40%
Robert Franks 74%
William Frist 71%
Jonas Frost III 58%
Elizabeth Furse 61%
Elton Gallegly 52%
John Ganske 65%
Sam Gejdenson 68%
George Gekas 64%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 21%
Jim Gibbons 56%
Wayne Gilchrest 65%
Paul Gillmor 68%
Benjamin Gilman 54%
John Glenn 61%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 47%
William Goodling 62%
Bart Gordon 56%
Slade Gorton 67%
Porter Goss 66%
Daniel Graham 64%
William Phillip Gramm 55%
Rodney Grams 44%
James Greenwood 62%
Judd Gregg 75%
Gilbert Gutknecht 78%
Tony Hall 70%
Lee Hamilton 72%
James Hansen 59%
Jane Harman 78%
J. Dennis Hastert 58%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 64%
Joel Hefley 64%
W.G. Hefner 72%
Jesse Helms 39%
Wally Herger, Jr. 58%
Rick Hill 47%
Van Hilleary 45%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 18%
Maurice Hinchey 43%
David Lee Hobson 52%
Pete Hoekstra 76%
Thomas Holden 62%
Ernest Hollings 31%
Darlene Hooley 68%
Stephen Horn 66%
John Nathan Hostettler 63%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 70%
Kenny Hulshof 68%
Duncan Hunter 35%
Asa Hutchinson 57%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 74%
Kay Hutchison 73%
Henry Hyde 43%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 78%
Daniel Inouye 37%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 36%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 24%
William Jefferson 47%
James Merrill Jeffords 62%
William Lewis Jenkins 56%
Christopher John 58%
Jay Johnson 60%
Nancy Johnson 62%
Paul Kanjorski 45%
Sue Kelly 58%
Dirk Kempthorne 65%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 36%
Joseph Kennedy II 40%
Patrick Kennedy 38%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 64%
Bob Kerrey 59%
Dale Kildee 64%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 26%
Jay Kim 50%
Gerald Kleczka 72%
Ronald Klink 60%
Scott Klug 65%
Joseph Knollenberg 52%
Herb Kohl 80%
James Kolbe 68%
Dennis Kucinich 30%
Jon Kyl 68%
John LaFalce 63%
Ray LaHood 56%
Nicholas Lampson 64%
Tom Lantos 57%
Stephen Largent 42%
Steve LaTourette 51%
Frank Lautenberg 46%
Rick Lazio 72%
James Leach 78%
Jerry Lewis 54%
Ron Lewis 56%
Joe Lieberman 59%
John Linder 64%
William Lipinski 54%
Robert Livingston 56%
Trent Lott, Sr. 69%
Dick Lugar 67%
William Luther 86%
Connie Mack 71%
James Maloney 52%
Thomas Manton 48%
Don Manzullo 63%
Matthew Martinez 60%
Frank Mascara 64%
Robert Matsui 62%
Karen McCarthy 72%
Bill McCollum 45%
James McCrery III 58%
Joseph McDade 50%
Paul McHale 72%
John McHugh 60%
Scott McInnis 78%
David McIntosh 34%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 80%
Michael McNulty 38%
Martin Meehan 92%
Carrie Meek 37%
Jack Metcalf 58%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 37%
Dan Miller 80%
David Minge 90%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 26%
John Moakley 24%
Alan Mollohan 20%
Constance Morella 84%
Carol Moseley Braun 65%
Patrick Moynihan 46%
Frank Murkowski 64%
Jack Murtha 56%
Sue Myrick 64%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 56%
Mark Neumann 77%
Robert William Ney 59%
Don Nickles 76%
Anne Northup 50%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 64%
James Nussle 74%
Jim Oberstar 21%
Dave Obey 36%
John Olver 47%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 58%
Major Owens 38%
Michael Oxley 58%
Ronald Packard 56%
Michael Pappas 58%
Mike Parker 50%
Ron Paul 40%
William Paxon 68%
Donald Payne 24%
Edward Pease 52%
John Peterson 50%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 56%
Owen Pickett 66%
Richard Pombo 15%
Earl Pomeroy 64%
John Edward Porter 86%
Glenn Poshard 72%
Deborah Pryce 63%
Jack Quinn 62%
George Radanovich 62%
James Ramstad 84%
Bill Redmond 64%
Ralph Regula 66%
Silvestre Reyes 53%
Frank Riggs 53%
Bob Riley 54%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 76%
Charles Robb 85%
Ciro Rodriguez 49%
Timothy Roemer 60%
James Rogan 57%
William Roth, Jr. 74%
Steve Rothman 74%
Marge Roukema 84%
Jim Ryun 47%
Martin Olav Sabo 62%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 50%
Rick Santorum 73%
Paul Sarbanes 29%
Jim Saxton 60%
Joe Scarborough 34%
Daniel Schaefer 50%
Robert Schaffer 68%
John Shadegg 32%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 74%
Christopher Shays 82%
E.G. Shuster 34%
Norman Sisisky 74%
David Skaggs 68%
Joseph Skeen 56%
Ike Skelton 60%
Gordon Smith 65%
Linda Smith 43%
Nick Smith 74%
Robert Smith 54%
Bob Smith 47%
Vincent Snowbarger 45%
Olympia Snowe 56%
Vic Snyder 64%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 64%
Mark Souder 62%
Arlen Specter 35%
Floyd Spence 48%
John Spratt, Jr. 68%
Pete Stark 38%
Cliff Stearns 62%
Charles Stenholm 74%
Ted Stevens 62%
Louis Stokes 26%
Ted Strickland 70%
Bob Stump 58%
Bart Stupak 72%
John Sununu 72%
James Talent 58%
John Tanner 71%
Ellen Tauscher 74%
William Tauzin 58%
Charles Taylor 68%
Gene Taylor 47%
Craig Thomas 64%
William Thomas 56%
Fred Thompson 45%
Karen Thurman 64%
Strom Thurmond 66%
Todd Tiahrt 49%
Esteban Edward Torres 51%
Robert Torricelli 42%
Ed Towns 29%
James Traficant, Jr. 37%
James Turner 66%
Bruce Vento 76%
James Walsh 70%
Zach Wamp 72%
John Warner 70%
Wesley Watkins 62%
Mel Watt 26%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 64%
David Weldon 36%
W. Curtis Weldon 60%
Gerald Weller 56%
Paul Wellstone 21%
Robert Wexler 71%
Bob Weygand 59%
Rick White 70%
Bob Wise, Jr. 52%
Lynn Woolsey 65%
Albert Wynn 60%
Bill Young 52%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.