Rating Group: Concord Coalition

1996 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 52%
Gary Ackerman 49%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 40%
Wayne Allard 49%
Rob Andrews 39%
Bill Archer 50%
Richard Armey 53%
John Ashcroft 56%
Henry Scott Baesler 76%
Richard Hugh Baker 34%
Cass Ballenger 40%
James Barcia 48%
Bob Barr, Jr. 40%
Bill Barrett 62%
Roscoe Bartlett 34%
Charlie Bass 43%
Herbert Bateman 38%
Max Baucus 48%
Bob Bennett 67%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 54%
Douglas Bereuter 66%
Howard Berman 50%
Brian Bilbray 48%
Michael Bilirakis 47%
Jeff Bingaman 45%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 40%
Sherwood Boehlert 49%
Kit Bond 44%
Henry Bonilla 40%
David Edward Bonior 31%
Robert Borski, Jr. 41%
Rick Boucher 39%
John Breaux 65%
George Brown, Jr. 48%
Richard Bryan 72%
Ed Bryant 37%
Dale Bumpers 20%
Jim Bunning 49%
Conrad Burns 46%
Dan Burton 38%
Steve Buyer 38%
Robert Byrd 30%
Herbert Callahan 33%
Ben Campbell 55%
Thomas Campbell 84%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 37%
Mike Castle 53%
John Chafee 66%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 37%
Jon Lynn Christensen 82%
William Clay, Sr. 52%
Eva Clayton 63%
Robert Clement 50%
Michael Collins 37%
Larry Combest 37%
Gary Condit 70%
Kent Conrad 47%
Jerry Costello 49%
Paul Coverdell 51%
Christopher Cox 56%
William Coyne 36%
Larry Craig 43%
Robert Cramer 40%
Philip Crane 44%
Barbara Cubin 40%
Randall Cunningham 52%
Alfonse D'Amato 64%
Patsy Ann Danner 38%
Thomas Daschle 25%
Thomas Davis III 71%
Thomas DeLay 47%
Peter Deutsch 46%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 30%
Jay Dickey 42%
Norm Dicks 52%
Julian Dixon 45%
Chris Dodd 20%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 45%
Calvin Dooley 58%
John Doolittle 38%
Byron Dorgan 38%
David Dreier 40%
Jennifer Dunn 40%
Chet Edwards 30%
Vern Ehlers 60%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 43%
Jo Ann Emerson 33%
Philip English 32%
John Ensign 66%
Lane Evans 34%
Terry Everett 37%
Thomas Ewing 39%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 79%
Harris Fawell 48%
Victor Fazio 92%
Russ Feingold 45%
Bob Filner 42%
Thomas Foglietta 60%
Mark Foley 46%
Michael Patrick Forbes 43%
Wendell Ford 2%
Tillie Fowler 32%
Jon David Fox 9%
Barney Frank 48%
Robert Franks 47%
William Frist 68%
Jonas Frost III 35%
Elizabeth Furse 98%
Elton Gallegly 41%
John Ganske 46%
Sam Gejdenson 42%
George Gekas 34%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 25%
Wayne Gilchrest 41%
Paul Gillmor 47%
Benjamin Gilman 26%
John Glenn 4%
Henry Gonzalez 1%
William Goodling 42%
Bart Gordon 42%
Slade Gorton 57%
Porter Goss 49%
Daniel Graham 68%
William Phillip Gramm 52%
Rodney Grams 57%
James Greenwood 42%
Judd Gregg 70%
Gilbert Gutknecht 45%
Tony Hall 53%
Lee Hamilton 68%
James Hansen 35%
Jane Harman 70%
J. Dennis Hastert 40%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 47%
Joel Hefley 42%
W.G. Hefner 82%
Jesse Helms 49%
Wally Herger, Jr. 40%
Van Hilleary 42%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 55%
Maurice Hinchey 34%
David Lee Hobson 50%
Pete Hoekstra 71%
Thomas Holden 47%
Ernest Hollings 37%
Stephen Horn 41%
John Nathan Hostettler 52%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 64%
Duncan Hunter 37%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 43%
Kay Hutchison 53%
Henry Hyde 34%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 80%
Daniel Inouye 40%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 42%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 48%
William Jefferson 54%
James Merrill Jeffords 76%
Nancy Johnson 57%
Paul Kanjorski 51%
Sue Kelly 42%
Dirk Kempthorne 22%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 33%
Joseph Kennedy II 71%
Patrick Kennedy 51%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 96%
Bob Kerrey 52%
Dale Kildee 40%
Jay Kim 30%
Gerald Kleczka 34%
Ronald Klink 45%
Scott Klug 99%
Joseph Knollenberg 40%
Herb Kohl 79%
James Kolbe 49%
Jon Kyl 51%
John LaFalce 60%
Ray LaHood 56%
Tom Lantos 71%
Stephen Largent 64%
Steve LaTourette 41%
Frank Lautenberg 32%
Rick Lazio 55%
James Leach 79%
Jerry Lewis 24%
Ron Lewis 37%
Joe Lieberman 45%
Blanche Lincoln 37%
John Linder 39%
William Lipinski 36%
Robert Livingston 35%
Trent Lott, Sr. 55%
Dick Lugar 71%
William Luther 77%
Connie Mack 51%
Thomas Manton 42%
Don Manzullo 55%
Matthew Martinez 37%
Frank Mascara 42%
Robert Matsui 65%
Karen McCarthy 62%
Bill McCollum 40%
James McCrery III 33%
Paul McHale 95%
John McHugh 39%
Scott McInnis 53%
David McIntosh 46%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 42%
Michael McNulty 30%
Martin Meehan 84%
Carrie Meek 48%
Jack Metcalf 60%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 53%
Dan Miller 51%
David Minge 77%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 44%
John Moakley 38%
Alan Mollohan 27%
Constance Morella 94%
Carol Moseley Braun 27%
Patrick Moynihan 58%
Frank Murkowski 51%
Jack Murtha 62%
Sue Myrick 55%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 50%
Mark Neumann 93%
Robert William Ney 40%
Don Nickles 57%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 37%
James Nussle 50%
Jim Oberstar 43%
Dave Obey 47%
John Olver 62%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 35%
Major Owens 38%
Michael Oxley 37%
Ronald Packard 35%
Mike Parker 17%
William Paxon 36%
Donald Payne 44%
Owen Pickett 39%
Richard Pombo 40%
Earl Pomeroy 55%
John Edward Porter 94%
Glenn Poshard 89%
Deborah Pryce 52%
Jack Quinn 46%
George Radanovich 48%
James Ramstad 67%
Ralph Regula 47%
Frank Riggs 24%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 64%
Charles Robb 69%
Timothy Roemer 61%
William Roth, Jr. 51%
Marge Roukema 87%
Martin Olav Sabo 57%
Rick Santorum 70%
Paul Sarbanes 29%
Jim Saxton 34%
Joe Scarborough 34%
Daniel Schaefer 42%
Steven Schiff 39%
John Shadegg 49%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 44%
Christopher Shays 74%
E.G. Shuster 40%
Norman Sisisky 48%
David Skaggs 93%
Joseph Skeen 33%
Ike Skelton 37%
Linda Smith 46%
Nick Smith 65%
Bob Smith 49%
Olympia Snowe 62%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 42%
Mark Souder 62%
Arlen Specter 68%
Floyd Spence 44%
John Spratt, Jr. 60%
Pete Stark 48%
Cliff Stearns 53%
Charles Stenholm 75%
Ted Stevens 41%
Louis Stokes 94%
Bob Stump 47%
Bart Stupak 49%
James Talent 44%
John Tanner 49%
William Tauzin 54%
Charles Taylor 44%
Gene Taylor 44%
Craig Thomas 60%
William Thomas 45%
Fred Thompson 57%
Karen Thurman 55%
Strom Thurmond 46%
Todd Tiahrt 43%
Esteban Edward Torres 61%
Robert Torricelli 40%
Ed Towns 54%
James Traficant, Jr. 17%
Bruce Vento 73%
James Walsh 45%
Zach Wamp 52%
John Warner 52%
Mel Watt 65%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 42%
David Weldon 37%
W. Curtis Weldon 37%
Gerald Weller 40%
Paul Wellstone 32%
Rick White 84%
Bob Wise, Jr. 65%
Lynn Woolsey 43%
Albert Wynn 58%
Sidney Yates 51%
Bill Young 47%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 23%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 58%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 67%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 39%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 47%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 50%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 40%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 47%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 60%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 60%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 49%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 38%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 27%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 41%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 42%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 76%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 71%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 44%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 51%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 26%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 63%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 48%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 48%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 46%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 11%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 30%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 48%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 47%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 65%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 51%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 47%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 38%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 45%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 38%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 50%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 51%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 59%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 38%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 45%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 39%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 56%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 46%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 42%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 33%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 35%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 58%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 66%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 45%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 42%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 63%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 35%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 34%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 45%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 32%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 48%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 55%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 48%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 35%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 32%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 44%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 69%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 40%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 49%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 37%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 45%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 47%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 47%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 73%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 35%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 52%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 41%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 53%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 34%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 40%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 52%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 48%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 59%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 47%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 37%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 42%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 53%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 37%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 89%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 47%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 32%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 61%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 40%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 39%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 68%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 70%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 40%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 42%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 37%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 56%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 58%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 34%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 62%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 51%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 50%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 34%
OH Governor John Kasich R 55%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 39%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 57%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 37%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 47%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 41%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 48%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 46%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 40%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 40%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 55%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 55%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 37%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 40%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 54%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 28%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 59%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 54%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 63%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 57%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 49%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 46%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 45%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 47%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 49%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 39%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 37%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 62%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 50%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.