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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Americans United for the Separation of Church and State

2006 Positions

Issues: Religion
State Office District Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 100%
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 100%
Evan Bayh 100%
Melissa Bean 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 100%
MO U.S. House 1 Lacy Clay, Jr. Democratic 100%
Hillary Clinton 100%
NY U.S. House 14 Joe Crowley Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 53 Susan Davis Democratic 100%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
Russ Feingold 100%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Barney Frank 100%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 100%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 100%
Jane Harman 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
NJ U.S. House 12 Rush Holt, Jr. Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 17 Mike Honda Democratic 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee Democratic 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
Paul Kanjorski 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 100%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 100%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 100%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 6 Doris Matsui Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 100%
MN U.S. House 4 Betty McCollum Democratic/Farmer/Labor 100%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 100%
Dennis Moore 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 100%
NA President Barack Obama II Democratic 100%
Dave Obey 100%
John Olver 100%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 100%
Steve Rothman 100%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 38 Linda Sánchez Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 28 Adam Schiff Democratic 100%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
Hilda Solis 100%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 100%
Pete Stark 100%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
NM U.S. Senate Sr Tom Udall Democratic 100%
MD U.S. House 8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 100%
Shelley Berkley 92%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 92%
IL Mayor At-Large Rahm Emanuel Democratic 92%
AZ U.S. House 3 Raúl Grijalva Democratic 92%
NY U.S. House 3 Steve Israel Democratic 92%
Dennis Kucinich 92%
PA U.S. House 13 Allyson Schwartz Democratic 92%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 83%
Thomas Allen 83%
Rob Andrews 83%
Brian Baird 83%
Howard Berman 83%
NY U.S. House 1 Tim Bishop Democratic 83%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 83%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 83%
NC U.S. House 1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. Democratic 83%
MA U.S. House 7 Mike Capuano Democratic 83%
Julia Carson 83%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 83%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 83%
Bill Delahunt 83%
Norm Dicks 83%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 83%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 83%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 83%
Charlie Gonzalez 83%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 83%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 83%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 83%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 83%
Dale Kildee 83%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 83%
RI U.S. House 2 Jim Langevin Democratic 83%
Tom Lantos 83%
WA U.S. House 2 Rick Larsen Democratic 83%
CT U.S. House 1 John Larson Democratic 83%
MA U.S. House 8 Stephen Lynch Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 83%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 83%
ME U.S. House 2 Mike Michaud Democratic 83%
Brad Miller 83%
WI U.S. House 4 Gwen Moore Democratic 83%
Jack Murtha 83%
Jim Oberstar 83%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 83%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 83%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 83%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 83%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 83%
Vic Snyder 83%
CA U.S. House 5 Mike Thompson Democratic 83%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 83%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 83%
CO U.S. Senate Sr Mark Udall Democratic 83%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 83%
Anthony Weiner 83%
David Wu 83%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 82%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 82%
OH U.S. House 13 Tim Ryan Democratic 82%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 81%
Joe Baca, Sr. 75%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 75%
Dennis Cardoza 75%
MO U.S. House 5 Emanuel Cleaver II Democratic 75%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 75%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 75%
TX U.S. House 9 Al Green Democratic 75%
NY U.S. House 26 Brian Higgins Democratic 75%
Darlene Hooley 75%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 75%
Michael McNulty 75%
CA U.S. House 32 Grace Napolitano Democratic 75%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 75%
Earl Pomeroy 75%
MD U.S. House 2 Dutch Ruppersberger Democratic 75%
Christopher Shays 75%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 67%
Max Baucus 67%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
Leonard Boswell 67%
WA U.S. Senate Jr Maria Cantwell Democratic 67%
Russ Carnahan 67%
DE U.S. Senate Sr Tom Carper Democratic 67%
TN U.S. House 5 Jim Cooper Democratic 67%
Artur Davis 67%
Byron Dorgan 67%
Daniel Inouye 67%
Herb Kohl 67%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 67%
Joe Lieberman 67%
Blanche Lincoln 67%
FL U.S. Senate Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. Democratic 67%
AR U.S. Senate Sr Mark Pryor Democratic 67%
Silvestre Reyes 67%
Ken Salazar 67%
Ed Towns 67%
William Jefferson 60%
Albert Wynn 58%
Judy Biggert 50%
CA U.S. House 16 Jim Costa Democratic 50%
Bob Etheridge 50%
Wayne Gilchrest 50%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 50%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 50%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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