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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Americans United for the Separation of Church and State

2006 Positions

Issues: Religion
State Office District Name Party Rating
NA President Barack Obama II Democratic 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 100%
AK U.S. Senate Sr Lisa Murkowski Republican 0%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 0%
AL U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Sessions III Republican 0%
AR U.S. Senate Sr Mark Pryor Democratic 67%
AR U.S. Senate Jr John Boozman Republican 0%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 33%
AZ U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Flake Republican 25%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 100%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
CO U.S. Senate Sr Mark Udall Democratic 83%
DE U.S. Senate Sr Tom Carper Democratic 67%
FL U.S. Senate Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. Democratic 67%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 0%
GA U.S. Senate Jr Johnny Isakson Republican 0%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 0%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 100%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 0%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
IL U.S. Senate Jr Mark Kirk Republican 27%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 0%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 0%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 0%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 67%
LA U.S. Senate Jr David Vitter Republican 0%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 100%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 33%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 100%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 0%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 0%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
NM U.S. Senate Sr Tom Udall Democratic 100%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 100%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 75%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 0%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 0%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 100%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 0%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 33%
SD U.S. Senate Jr John Thune Republican 0%
TN U.S. Senate Sr Lamar Alexander Republican 0%
TX U.S. Senate Sr John Cornyn Republican 0%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 0%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 100%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 83%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 100%
WA U.S. Senate Jr Maria Cantwell Democratic 67%
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 100%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 50%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 0%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 0%
AL U.S. House 3 Mike Rogers Republican 0%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 0%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 0%
AZ U.S. House 3 Raúl Grijalva Democratic 92%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 75%
AZ U.S. House 8 Trent Franks Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 5 Mike Thompson Democratic 83%
CA U.S. House 6 Doris Matsui Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 16 Jim Costa Democratic 50%
CA U.S. House 17 Mike Honda Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 83%
CA U.S. House 22 Devin Nunes Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 28 Adam Schiff Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 31 Gary Miller Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 32 Grace Napolitano Democratic 75%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 38 Linda Sánchez Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 83%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 45 John Campbell III Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 25%
CA U.S. House 49 Darrell Issa Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 53 Susan Davis Democratic 100%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
CT U.S. House 1 John Larson Democratic 83%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 1 Jeff Miller Republican 0%
FL U.S. House 4 Ander Crenshaw Republican 0%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 83%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 0%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 83%
FL U.S. House 23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 25 Mario Diaz-Balart Republican 17%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 17%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 0%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 33%
GA U.S. House 3 Lynn Westmoreland Republican 0%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
GA U.S. House 6 Tom Price Republican 0%
GA U.S. House 11 Phil Gingrey Republican 0%
GA U.S. House 12 John Barrow Democratic 25%
GA U.S. House 13 David Scott Democratic 33%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 0%
IA U.S. House 4 Steve King Republican 0%
ID U.S. House 2 Mike Simpson Republican 0%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 83%
IL U.S. House 3 Daniel Lipinski Democratic 40%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 0%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 83%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 0%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 0%
LA U.S. House 3 Charles Boustany, Jr. Republican 0%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 83%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 83%
MA U.S. House 7 Mike Capuano Democratic 83%
MA U.S. House 8 Stephen Lynch Democratic 83%
MD U.S. House 2 Dutch Ruppersberger Democratic 75%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 83%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 83%
MD U.S. House 8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. Democratic 100%
ME U.S. House 2 Mike Michaud Democratic 83%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 0%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 0%
MI U.S. House 8 Mike Rogers Republican 0%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 10 Candice Miller Republican 17%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 75%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 92%
MN U.S. House 2 John Kline Republican 0%
MN U.S. House 4 Betty McCollum Democratic/Farmer/Labor 100%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 17%
MO U.S. House 1 Lacy Clay, Jr. Democratic 100%
MO U.S. House 5 Emanuel Cleaver II Democratic 75%
MO U.S. House 6 Sam Graves Republican 0%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 50%
NC U.S. House 1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. Democratic 83%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 100%
NC U.S. House 5 Virginia Foxx Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 7 Mike McIntyre Democratic 8%
NC U.S. House 10 Patrick McHenry Republican 0%
NE U.S. House 1 Jeff Fortenberry Republican 0%
NE U.S. House 2 Lee Terry Republican 0%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 0%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 0%
NJ U.S. House 5 Scott Garrett Republican 0%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 83%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 17%
NJ U.S. House 12 Rush Holt, Jr. Democratic 100%
NM U.S. House 2 Steve Pearce Republican 0%
NY U.S. House 1 Tim Bishop Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 0%
NY U.S. House 3 Steve Israel Democratic 92%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 14 Joe Crowley Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 26 Brian Higgins Democratic 75%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 83%
OH U.S. House 10 Mike Turner Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 12 Pat Tiberi Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 13 Tim Ryan Democratic 82%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 0%
OK U.S. House 4 Tom Cole Republican 0%
OR U.S. House 2 Greg Walden Republican 0%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 75%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 83%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 82%
PA U.S. House 6 Jim Gerlach Republican 18%
PA U.S. House 9 Bill Shuster Republican 0%
PA U.S. House 13 Allyson Schwartz Democratic 92%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 83%
PA U.S. House 15 Charlie Dent Republican 8%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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