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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Competitive Enterprise Institute

1994 Deregulation Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
Richard Andrew Gephardt 33%
Pete Geren 67%
Sam Gibbons 50%
Wayne Gilchrest 71%
Paul Gillmor 100%
Benjamin Gilman 57%
Newt Gingrich 86%
John Glenn 0%
Henry Gonzalez 0%
Slade Gorton 86%
Porter Goss 100%
Daniel Graham 0%
William Phillip Gramm 100%
Rodney Grams 83%
Judd Gregg 86%
Steven Gunderson 71%
Tony Hall 43%
Lee Hamilton 71%
Melton Hancock 100%
James Hansen 100%
Jane Harman 57%
J. Dennis Hastert 86%
Mark Hatfield 50%
Joel Hefley 86%
W.G. Hefner 67%
Jesse Helms 86%
Wally Herger, Jr. 86%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 80%
Maurice Hinchey 14%
David Lee Hobson 86%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Ernest Hollings 14%
Stephen Horn 71%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 71%
Duncan Hunter 86%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 100%
Kay Hutchison 100%
Henry Hyde 67%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 43%
William Jefferson 43%
James Merrill Jeffords 43%
Nancy Johnson 57%
Harry Johnston 14%
J. Bennett Johnston 0%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 100%
Dirk Kempthorne 86%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Joseph Kennedy II 0%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 43%
Bob Kerrey 29%
Dale Kildee 29%
Jay Kim 100%
Gerald Kleczka 29%
Scott Klug 71%
Joseph Knollenberg 86%
Herb Kohl 14%
James Kolbe 86%
Jon Kyl 86%
John LaFalce 43%
Tom Lantos 0%
Greg Laughlin 71%
Frank Lautenberg 14%
Rick Lazio 71%
James Leach 57%
Jerry Lewis 71%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 0%
Jim Lightfoot 71%
Blanche Lincoln 57%
John Linder 86%
William Lipinski 67%
Robert Livingston 86%
Trent Lott, Sr. 86%
Dick Lugar 86%
Connie Mack 100%
Thomas Manton 57%
Don Manzullo 86%
Matthew Martinez 29%
Robert Matsui 33%
Bill McCollum 100%
James McCrery III 86%
John McHugh 86%
Scott McInnis 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 0%
Michael McNulty 50%
Martin Meehan 14%
Carrie Meek 43%
Jan Meyers 71%
Dan Miller 86%
David Minge 43%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 0%
John Moakley 29%
Susan Molinari 71%
Alan Mollohan 57%
G.V. Montgomery 57%
Carlos Moorhead 100%
Constance Morella 71%
Carol Moseley Braun 14%
Patrick Moynihan 0%
Frank Murkowski 86%
Don Nickles 86%
Sam Nunn 33%
James Nussle 86%
Jim Oberstar 57%
Dave Obey 71%
John Olver 14%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 43%
Bill Orton 71%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 86%
Ronald Packard 100%
Mike Parker 71%
William Paxon 100%
Donald Payne 14%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 71%
Claiborne Pell 0%
Pete Peterson 71%
Owen Pickett 71%
Richard Pombo 86%
Earl Pomeroy 57%
John Edward Porter 71%
Glenn Poshard 57%
Larry Pressler 86%
David Pryor 17%
Jack Quinn 71%
James Ramstad 86%
Bill Richardson 71%
Charles Robb 0%
Timothy Roemer 57%
Charles Rose III 43%
Toby Roth 71%
William Roth, Jr. 71%
Marge Roukema 57%
Martin Olav Sabo 14%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
Jim Saxton 71%
Daniel Schaefer 100%
Steven Schiff 86%
Pat Schroeder 43%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 86%
Christopher Shays 71%
Paul Simon 0%
Alan Simpson 86%
Norman Sisisky 71%
David Skaggs 43%
Joseph Skeen 86%
Ike Skelton 71%
Nick Smith 100%
Bob Smith 86%
Olympia Snowe 86%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 100%
Arlen Specter 57%
Pete Stark 14%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Charles Stenholm 71%
Ted Stevens 86%
Gerry Studds 43%
Bob Stump 100%
Bart Stupak 57%
James Talent 86%
William Tauzin 57%
Charles Taylor 83%
Gene Taylor 83%
Frank Tejeda 57%
Craig Thomas 86%
William Thomas 86%
Ray Thornton 83%
Karen Thurman 86%
Strom Thurmond 86%
Peter Torkildsen 83%
Esteban Edward Torres 14%
Robert Torricelli 0%
Ed Towns 50%
Bruce Vento 0%
Harold Volkmer 71%
Barbara Vucanovich 100%
James Walsh 86%
John Warner 86%
Mel Watt 14%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Pat Williams 83%
Charles Wilson 67%
Bob Wise, Jr. 71%
Lynn Woolsey 29%
Albert Wynn 14%
Sidney Yates 14%
Bill Young 83%
Bill Zeliff 100%
Richard Zimmer 86%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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