Rating Group: Competitive Enterprise Institute

1994 Trade Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 50%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CO Commissioner-2 Scott McInnis 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 0%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 50%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 50%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 50%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 50%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 50%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 100%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 50%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 50%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 50%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 50%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 50%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 50%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 100%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 0%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 50%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 50%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 50%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 50%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 50%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 50%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 50%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 50%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 50%
Wayne Allard 50%
Rob Andrews 0%
Bill Archer 100%
Richard Armey 100%
Spencer Bachus 50%
Henry Scott Baesler 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
William Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 100%
James Barcia 0%
Bill Barrett 100%
Roscoe Bartlett 50%
Herbert Bateman 100%
Max Baucus 0%
Anthony Beilenson 100%
Bob Bennett 100%
Douglas Bereuter 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Tom Bevill 100%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 100%
Peter Blute 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 50%
Kit Bond 50%
Henry Bonilla 50%
David Edward Bonior 50%
Rick Boucher 100%
Bill Bradley 100%
John Breaux 50%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Hank Brown 50%
Richard Bryan 50%
John Bryant 100%
Dale Bumpers 50%
Jim Bunning 100%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 50%
Robert Byrd 0%
Herbert Callahan 50%
Dave Camp 100%
Ben Campbell 0%
Mike Castle 100%
John Chafee 100%
William Clay, Sr. 50%
Eva Clayton 100%
Howard Coble 0%
William Cohen 100%
Ronald Coleman 100%
Barbara-Rose Collins 50%
Cardiss Collins 50%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 50%
Gary Condit 0%
Kent Conrad 50%
Jerry Costello 0%
Paul Coverdell 50%
Christopher Cox 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 0%
Philip Crane 100%
Randall Cunningham 50%
Alfonse D'Amato 100%
Patsy Ann Danner 0%
Thomas Daschle 50%
E. Kika de la Garza 100%
Thomas DeLay 100%
Ronald Dellums 50%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 100%
John Dingell 100%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 50%
Robert Dole 50%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Calvin Dooley 100%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 0%
Robert Dornan 0%
David Dreier 100%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
Chet Edwards 100%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Bill Emerson 50%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 100%
Jim Exon 0%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 50%
Harris Fawell 100%
Victor Fazio 100%
Russ Feingold 50%
Cleo Fields 50%
Jack Fields, Jr. 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Floyd Flake 100%
Wendell Ford 50%
Tillie Fowler 100%
Barney Frank 50%
Gary Franks 100%
Robert Franks 100%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 0%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Pete Geren 100%
Sam Gibbons 100%
Wayne Gilchrest 100%
Paul Gillmor 50%
Benjamin Gilman 50%
Newt Gingrich 100%
John Glenn 50%
Henry Gonzalez 50%
Slade Gorton 100%
Porter Goss 100%
Daniel Graham 50%
William Phillip Gramm 100%
Rodney Grams 100%
Judd Gregg 100%
Steven Gunderson 0%
Ralph Hall 0%
Tony Hall 100%
Lee Hamilton 100%
Melton Hancock 50%
James Hansen 100%
Tom Harkin 50%
Jane Harman 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Mark Hatfield 100%
Joel Hefley 0%
W.G. Hefner 0%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 0%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 100%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Ernest Hollings 0%
Stephen Horn 100%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 100%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 100%
Henry Hyde 100%
Daniel Inouye 50%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 100%
James Merrill Jeffords 50%
Nancy Johnson 100%
Harry Johnston 100%
J. Bennett Johnston 50%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 50%
Dirk Kempthorne 0%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 100%
Bob Kerrey 50%
Dale Kildee 0%
Jay Kim 100%
Jack Kingston 0%
Gerald Kleczka 100%
Scott Klug 0%
Joseph Knollenberg 100%
Herb Kohl 100%
James Kolbe 100%
Jon Kyl 100%
John LaFalce 100%
Tom Lantos 0%
Stephen Largent 0%
Greg Laughlin 100%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 100%
James Leach 100%
Carl Levin 50%
Jerry Lewis 100%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Jim Lightfoot 100%
Blanche Lincoln 100%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 0%
Robert Livingston 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 50%
Dick Lugar 100%
Connie Mack 100%
Thomas Manton 100%
Don Manzullo 100%
Matthew Martinez 100%
Robert Matsui 100%
Bill McCollum 100%
James McCrery III 100%
John McHugh 0%
Buck McKeon 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 50%
Michael McNulty 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 100%
Jan Meyers 100%
Dan Miller 100%
George Miller 50%
David Minge 100%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 50%
John Moakley 50%
Susan Molinari 100%
Alan Mollohan 0%
G.V. Montgomery 50%
Carlos Moorhead 0%
Jim Moran, Jr. 100%
Constance Morella 100%
Carol Moseley Braun 50%
Patrick Moynihan 50%
Frank Murkowski 100%
Don Nickles 100%
Sam Nunn 50%
James Nussle 100%
Jim Oberstar 50%
Dave Obey 0%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 100%
Bill Orton 100%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 100%
Ronald Packard 100%
Mike Parker 100%
Ed Pastor 100%
William Paxon 100%
Donald Payne 50%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 0%
Clay Pell 100%
Pete Peterson 100%
Tom Petri 100%
Owen Pickett 100%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 100%
John Edward Porter 100%
Glenn Poshard 100%
Larry Pressler 50%
David Pryor 50%
Jack Quinn 0%
Nick Rahall II 0%
James Ramstad 100%
Bill Richardson 100%
Charles Robb 50%
Jay Rockefeller IV 50%
Timothy Roemer 100%
Charles Rose III 0%
Toby Roth 0%
William Roth, Jr. 100%
Marge Roukema 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 50%
Paul Sarbanes 50%
Jim Saxton 100%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Steven Schiff 0%
Pat Schroeder 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 100%
Christopher Shays 100%
Paul Simon 50%
Alan Simpson 50%
Norman Sisisky 50%
David Skaggs 100%
Joseph Skeen 50%
Ike Skelton 100%
Nick Smith 100%
Bob Smith 50%
Olympia Snowe 0%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 50%
Arlen Specter 100%
Pete Stark 50%
Cliff Stearns 50%
Charles Stenholm 100%
Ted Stevens 0%
Gerry Studds 100%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 0%
James Talent 100%
William Tauzin 100%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 0%
Frank Tejeda 100%
Craig Thomas 100%
William Thomas 100%
Ray Thornton 100%
Karen Thurman 0%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Peter Torkildsen 50%
Esteban Edward Torres 100%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 50%
Bruce Vento 100%
Harold Volkmer 0%
Barbara Vucanovich 50%
James Walsh 50%
John Warner 50%
Mel Watt 50%
Henry Waxman 50%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Pat Williams 50%
Charles Wilson 100%
Bob Wise, Jr. 0%
Frank Wolf 50%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
Albert Wynn 100%
Sidney Yates 100%
Bill Young 100%
Bill Zeliff 50%
Richard Zimmer 100%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.