Rating Group: Competitive Enterprise Institute

1994 Environment Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 96%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 50%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 95%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 78%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 20%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 22%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 11%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 8%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 4%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 4%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 4%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 92%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 4%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 4%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 4%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 96%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 8%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 92%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 8%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 87%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 9%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 42%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 88%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 92%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 29%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 4%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 33%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 4%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 44%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 11%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 96%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 8%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 4%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 4%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 67%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 8%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 76%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 92%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 62%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 72%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 11%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 17%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 11%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 96%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 72%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 8%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 22%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 13%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 48%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 78%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 4%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 25%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 22%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 88%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 8%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 38%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 4%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 11%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 4%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 83%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 9%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 9%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 9%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 12%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 9%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 5%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 4%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 8%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 60%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 92%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 96%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 84%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 92%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 92%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 29%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 8%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 78%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 8%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 92%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 16%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 64%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 11%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 4%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 22%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 4%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 84%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 72%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 22%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 21%
Gary Ackerman 22%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 11%
Wayne Allard 92%
Rob Andrews 29%
Bill Archer 96%
Richard Armey 100%
Henry Scott Baesler 44%
Richard Hugh Baker 88%
William Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 92%
James Barcia 54%
Bill Barrett 96%
Roscoe Bartlett 88%
Herbert Bateman 67%
Max Baucus 11%
Anthony Beilenson 4%
Bob Bennett 78%
Douglas Bereuter 60%
Howard Berman 4%
Tom Bevill 23%
Michael Bilirakis 83%
Jeff Bingaman 22%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 92%
Peter Blute 48%
Sherwood Boehlert 24%
Kit Bond 29%
Henry Bonilla 92%
David Edward Bonior 4%
Rick Boucher 17%
Bill Bradley 25%
John Breaux 33%
George Brown, Jr. 4%
Hank Brown 89%
Richard Bryan 0%
John Bryant 16%
Dale Bumpers 11%
Jim Bunning 92%
Conrad Burns 62%
Dan Burton 92%
Steve Buyer 88%
Robert Byrd 33%
Herbert Callahan 91%
Ben Campbell 11%
Mike Castle 64%
John Chafee 0%
William Clay, Sr. 5%
Eva Clayton 4%
William Cohen 22%
Ronald Coleman 12%
Barbara-Rose Collins 5%
Cardiss Collins 8%
Michael Collins 88%
Larry Combest 92%
Gary Condit 58%
Kent Conrad 25%
Jerry Costello 25%
Paul Coverdell 67%
Christopher Cox 96%
Larry Craig 67%
Robert Cramer 41%
Philip Crane 100%
Randall Cunningham 88%
Alfonse D'Amato 78%
Patsy Ann Danner 50%
Thomas Daschle 11%
E. Kika de la Garza 39%
Thomas DeLay 95%
Ronald Dellums 0%
Peter Deutsch 4%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 52%
Jay Dickey 92%
Norm Dicks 21%
Julian Dixon 8%
Chris Dodd 11%
Robert Dole 67%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 44%
Calvin Dooley 60%
John Doolittle 92%
Byron Dorgan 22%
Robert Dornan 91%
David Dreier 95%
Jennifer Dunn 84%
Chet Edwards 60%
Vern Ehlers 38%
Bill Emerson 92%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 88%
Thomas Ewing 88%
Jim Exon 11%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 89%
Harris Fawell 36%
Victor Fazio 30%
Russ Feingold 0%
Cleo Fields 17%
Jack Fields, Jr. 92%
Bob Filner 4%
Floyd Flake 18%
Wendell Ford 11%
Tillie Fowler 92%
Barney Frank 8%
Gary Franks 21%
Robert Franks 30%
Jonas Frost III 38%
Elton Gallegly 88%
Sam Gejdenson 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 12%
Pete Geren 64%
Sam Gibbons 8%
Wayne Gilchrest 25%
Paul Gillmor 60%
Benjamin Gilman 29%
Newt Gingrich 91%
John Glenn 22%
Henry Gonzalez 12%
Slade Gorton 44%
Porter Goss 64%
Daniel Graham 22%
William Phillip Gramm 89%
Rodney Grams 96%
Judd Gregg 44%
Steven Gunderson 83%
Tony Hall 16%
Lee Hamilton 40%
Melton Hancock 96%
James Hansen 83%
Jane Harman 36%
J. Dennis Hastert 80%
Mark Hatfield 44%
Joel Hefley 84%
W.G. Hefner 20%
Jesse Helms 88%
Wally Herger, Jr. 92%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 15%
Maurice Hinchey 4%
David Lee Hobson 60%
Pete Hoekstra 92%
Ernest Hollings 25%
Stephen Horn 52%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 83%
Duncan Hunter 96%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 92%
Kay Hutchison 78%
Henry Hyde 88%
Daniel Inouye 11%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 9%
William Jefferson 8%
James Merrill Jeffords 0%
Nancy Johnson 32%
Harry Johnston 8%
J. Bennett Johnston 38%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 22%
Dirk Kempthorne 62%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 25%
Joseph Kennedy II 4%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 4%
Bob Kerrey 11%
Dale Kildee 4%
Jay Kim 92%
Gerald Kleczka 8%
Scott Klug 48%
Joseph Knollenberg 88%
Herb Kohl 11%
James Kolbe 83%
Jon Kyl 96%
John LaFalce 28%
Tom Lantos 0%
Greg Laughlin 72%
Frank Lautenberg 22%
Rick Lazio 52%
James Leach 52%
Jerry Lewis 83%
Ron Lewis 91%
Joe Lieberman 22%
Jim Lightfoot 96%
Blanche Lincoln 38%
John Linder 92%
William Lipinski 42%
Robert Livingston 80%
Trent Lott, Sr. 78%
Dick Lugar 22%
Connie Mack 78%
Thomas Manton 28%
Don Manzullo 100%
Matthew Martinez 24%
Robert Matsui 13%
Bill McCollum 78%
James McCrery III 75%
John McHugh 92%
Scott McInnis 88%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 4%
Michael McNulty 22%
Martin Meehan 0%
Carrie Meek 4%
Jan Meyers 32%
Dan Miller 88%
David Minge 36%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 8%
John Moakley 0%
Susan Molinari 80%
Alan Mollohan 22%
G.V. Montgomery 42%
Carlos Moorhead 92%
Constance Morella 24%
Carol Moseley Braun 11%
Patrick Moynihan 22%
Frank Murkowski 88%
Don Nickles 89%
Sam Nunn 33%
James Nussle 83%
Jim Oberstar 8%
Dave Obey 14%
John Olver 4%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 48%
Bill Orton 88%
Major Owens 14%
Michael Oxley 67%
Ronald Packard 83%
Mike Parker 60%
William Paxon 96%
Donald Payne 4%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 48%
Clay Pell 22%
Pete Peterson 40%
Owen Pickett 72%
Richard Pombo 96%
Earl Pomeroy 44%
John Edward Porter 16%
Glenn Poshard 48%
Larry Pressler 78%
David Pryor 11%
Jack Quinn 96%
James Ramstad 60%
Bill Richardson 4%
Charles Robb 22%
Timothy Roemer 36%
Charles Rose III 21%
Toby Roth 87%
William Roth, Jr. 12%
Marge Roukema 22%
Martin Olav Sabo 4%
Paul Sarbanes 11%
Jim Saxton 52%
Daniel Schaefer 92%
Steven Schiff 71%
Pat Schroeder 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 68%
Christopher Shays 8%
Paul Simon 11%
Alan Simpson 78%
Norman Sisisky 72%
David Skaggs 4%
Joseph Skeen 92%
Ike Skelton 64%
Nick Smith 88%
Bob Smith 89%
Olympia Snowe 38%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 96%
Arlen Specter 33%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 92%
Charles Stenholm 88%
Ted Stevens 75%
Gerry Studds 0%
Bob Stump 96%
Bart Stupak 38%
James Talent 92%
William Tauzin 62%
Charles Taylor 88%
Gene Taylor 67%
Frank Tejeda 48%
Craig Thomas 96%
William Thomas 88%
Ray Thornton 26%
Karen Thurman 52%
Strom Thurmond 67%
Peter Torkildsen 40%
Esteban Edward Torres 12%
Robert Torricelli 4%
Ed Towns 14%
Bruce Vento 4%
Harold Volkmer 42%
Barbara Vucanovich 92%
James Walsh 60%
John Warner 44%
Mel Watt 8%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Pat Williams 28%
Charles Wilson 50%
Bob Wise, Jr. 17%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
Albert Wynn 4%
Sidney Yates 4%
Bill Young 56%
Bill Zeliff 95%
Richard Zimmer 32%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.