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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Competitive Enterprise Institute

1994 Total Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
Cynthia Ann McKinney 9%
Michael McNulty 16%
Martin Meehan 20%
Carrie Meek 7%
Jan Meyers 58%
Dan Miller 89%
George Miller 11%
David Minge 52%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 3%
John Moakley 5%
Susan Molinari 63%
Alan Mollohan 12%
G.V. Montgomery 29%
Carlos Moorhead 85%
Jim Moran, Jr. 11%
Constance Morella 34%
Carol Moseley Braun 10%
Patrick Moynihan 11%
Frank Murkowski 71%
Don Nickles 88%
Sam Nunn 37%
James Nussle 85%
Jim Oberstar 12%
Dave Obey 12%
John Olver 7%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 21%
Bill Orton 61%
Major Owens 9%
Michael Oxley 75%
Ronald Packard 75%
Mike Parker 44%
Ed Pastor 10%
William Paxon 94%
Donald Payne 8%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 37%
Clay Pell 9%
Pete Peterson 26%
Tom Petri 84%
Owen Pickett 39%
Richard Pombo 80%
Earl Pomeroy 25%
John Edward Porter 62%
Glenn Poshard 50%
Larry Pressler 77%
David Pryor 17%
Jack Quinn 64%
Nick Rahall II 14%
James Ramstad 79%
Bill Richardson 12%
Charles Robb 18%
Jay Rockefeller IV 8%
Timothy Roemer 26%
Charles Rose III 11%
Toby Roth 85%
William Roth, Jr. 73%
Marge Roukema 51%
Martin Olav Sabo 9%
Paul Sarbanes 7%
Jim Saxton 60%
Daniel Schaefer 87%
Steven Schiff 60%
Pat Schroeder 22%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 68%
Christopher Shays 60%
Paul Simon 12%
Alan Simpson 69%
Norman Sisisky 36%
David Skaggs 11%
Joseph Skeen 59%
Ike Skelton 39%
Nick Smith 88%
Bob Smith 92%
Olympia Snowe 53%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 89%
Arlen Specter 45%
Pete Stark 8%
Cliff Stearns 89%
Charles Stenholm 77%
Ted Stevens 42%
Gerry Studds 10%
Bob Stump 94%
Bart Stupak 21%
James Talent 81%
William Tauzin 58%
Charles Taylor 75%
Gene Taylor 57%
Frank Tejeda 21%
Craig Thomas 81%
William Thomas 74%
Ray Thornton 14%
Karen Thurman 31%
Strom Thurmond 72%
Peter Torkildsen 50%
Esteban Edward Torres 8%
Robert Torricelli 12%
Ed Towns 8%
Bruce Vento 7%
Harold Volkmer 22%
Barbara Vucanovich 70%
James Walsh 43%
John Warner 77%
Mel Watt 11%
Henry Waxman 8%
Paul Wellstone 15%
Pat Williams 23%
Charles Wilson 27%
Bob Wise, Jr. 12%
Frank Wolf 65%
Lynn Woolsey 5%
Albert Wynn 7%
Sidney Yates 8%
Bill Young 64%
Bill Zeliff 85%
Richard Zimmer 77%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 21%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 5%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 11%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 17%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 11%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 9%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 12%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 9%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 8%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 10%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 6%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 7%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 6%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 18%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 20%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutiérrez Democratic 11%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 7%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 13%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 7%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 20%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 12%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 14%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 9%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 8%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 13%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 10%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 7%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 11%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 7%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 8%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 8%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 8%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 22%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 8%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 11%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 15%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 5%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 8%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 15%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 11%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 10%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 7%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 7%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 12%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 8%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 52%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic, Working Families 8%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 10%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 90%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 89%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 74%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 78%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 51%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 85%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 43%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 87%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 73%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 76%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 91%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 77%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 90%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 66%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 79%
IN Council Member At-Large John Myers Republican 64%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 81%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 84%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 53%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 93%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 51%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 93%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 93%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 28%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 47%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 83%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 69%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 59%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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