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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Competitive Enterprise Institute

1994 Total Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
Philip Crane 99%
Richard Armey 98%
Melton Hancock 98%
Bill Archer 97%
William Paxon 94%
Bob Stump 94%
Wayne Allard 93%
Hank Brown 93%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 93%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 93%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 93%
David Dreier 92%
Bob Smith 92%
Christopher Cox 91%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 91%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 90%
Dan Burton 90%
Thomas DeLay 90%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 90%
Cass Ballenger 89%
John Boehner 89%
Howard Coble 89%
John Doolittle 89%
Rodney Grams 89%
Don Manzullo 89%
Dan Miller 89%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 89%
Cliff Stearns 89%
Jim Bunning 88%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 88%
Joseph Knollenberg 88%
Don Nickles 88%
Nick Smith 88%
Michael Collins 87%
Larry Combest 87%
Robert Dornan 87%
Jack Fields, Jr. 87%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 87%
Daniel Schaefer 87%
William Baker 86%
Bill Barrett 86%
Jon Kyl 86%
Roscoe Bartlett 85%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 85%
Joel Hefley 85%
Jesse Helms 85%
Wally Herger, Jr. 85%
Pete Hoekstra 85%
Carlos Moorhead 85%
James Nussle 85%
Toby Roth 85%
Bill Zeliff 85%
James Hansen 84%
John Linder 84%
Tom Petri 84%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 84%
Jay Kim 83%
Ron Lewis 83%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 83%
Spencer Bachus 82%
Judd Gregg 82%
J. Dennis Hastert 82%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 82%
CO Commissioner 2 Scott McInnis 82%
Jack Kingston 81%
Buck McKeon 81%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 81%
James Talent 81%
Craig Thomas 81%
Henry Bonilla 80%
Newt Gingrich 80%
Porter Goss 80%
Duncan Hunter 80%
Bill McCollum 80%
Richard Pombo 80%
Richard Hugh Baker 79%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 79%
Jay Dickey 79%
Henry Hyde 79%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 79%
James Ramstad 79%
Dave Camp 78%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 78%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Dan Coats Republican 78%
Thomas Ewing 78%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 77%
John McHugh 77%
Larry Pressler 77%
Charles Stenholm 77%
John Warner 77%
Richard Zimmer 77%
Bob Bennett 76%
Paul Coverdell 76%
Jennifer Dunn 76%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 76%
Steve Buyer 75%
Harris Fawell 75%
William Phillip Gramm 75%
Michael Oxley 75%
Ronald Packard 75%
Charles Taylor 75%
Herbert Callahan 74%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 74%
Robert Dole 74%
William Thomas 74%
Larry Craig 73%
Elton Gallegly 73%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 73%
Dirk Kempthorne 73%
James McCrery III 73%
William Roth, Jr. 73%
Randall Cunningham 72%
Jim Lightfoot 72%
Connie Mack 72%
Strom Thurmond 72%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 71%
Bill Emerson 71%
Terry Everett 71%
James Kolbe 71%
Trent Lott, Sr. 71%
Frank Murkowski 71%
Michael Bilirakis 70%
Mike Castle 70%
Tillie Fowler 70%
Scott Klug 70%
Barbara Vucanovich 70%
Alan Simpson 69%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 69%
Robert Livingston 68%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 68%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 66%
Steven Gunderson 65%
Ralph Hall 65%
Frank Wolf 65%
IN Council Member At-Large John Myers Republican 64%
Jack Quinn 64%
Bill Young 64%
Douglas Bereuter 63%
Robert Franks 63%
Susan Molinari 63%
Dick Lugar 62%
John Edward Porter 62%
Gary Condit 61%
Vern Ehlers 61%
Bill Orton 61%
Jim Saxton 60%
Steven Schiff 60%
Christopher Shays 60%
Conrad Burns 59%
Slade Gorton 59%
David Lee Hobson 59%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 59%
Jerry Lewis 59%
Joseph Skeen 59%
AK U.S. House At-Large Donald Young Republican 59%
James Leach 58%
Jan Meyers 58%
William Tauzin 58%
Herbert Bateman, Sr. 57%
Alfonse D'Amato 57%
Wayne Gilchrest 57%
Gene Taylor 57%
William Cohen 56%
Paul Gillmor 56%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 56%
Rick Lazio 56%
John Chafee 53%
Gary Franks 53%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 53%
Olympia Snowe 53%
Pete Geren 52%
Stephen Horn 52%
David Minge 52%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic 52%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 51%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 51%
Marge Roukema 51%
Peter Blute 50%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Nancy Johnson 50%
Glenn Poshard 50%
Peter Torkildsen 50%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 47%
Kit Bond 46%
Herb Kohl 45%
Arlen Specter 45%
Mike Parker 44%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 43%
James Walsh 43%
Ted Stevens 42%
Rob Andrews 41%
Greg Laughlin 40%
Bill Bradley 39%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 39%
Owen Pickett 39%
Ike Skelton 39%
Russ Feingold 38%
Sam Nunn 37%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 37%
James Barcia 36%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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