Rating Group: Competitive Enterprise Institute

1994 Total Score

State Office Name Party Rating
Philip Crane 99%
Richard Armey 98%
Melton Hancock 98%
Bill Archer 97%
William Paxon 94%
Bob Stump 94%
Wayne Allard 93%
Hank Brown 93%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 93%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 93%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 93%
David Dreier 92%
Bob Smith 92%
Christopher Cox 91%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 91%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 90%
Dan Burton 90%
Thomas DeLay 90%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 90%
Cass Ballenger 89%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 89%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 89%
John Doolittle 89%
Rodney Grams 89%
Don Manzullo 89%
Dan Miller 89%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 89%
Cliff Stearns 89%
Jim Bunning 88%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 88%
Joseph Knollenberg 88%
Don Nickles 88%
Nick Smith 88%
Michael Collins 87%
Larry Combest 87%
Robert Dornan 87%
Jack Fields, Jr. 87%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 87%
Daniel Schaefer 87%
William Baker 86%
Bill Barrett 86%
Jon Kyl 86%
Roscoe Bartlett 85%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 85%
Joel Hefley 85%
Jesse Helms 85%
Wally Herger, Jr. 85%
Pete Hoekstra 85%
Carlos Moorhead 85%
James Nussle 85%
Toby Roth 85%
Bill Zeliff 85%
James Hansen 84%
John Linder 84%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 84%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 84%
Jay Kim 83%
Ron Lewis 83%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 83%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 82%
Judd Gregg 82%
J. Dennis Hastert 82%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 82%
Scott McInnis 82%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 81%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 81%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 81%
James Talent 81%
Craig Thomas 81%
Henry Bonilla 80%
Newt Gingrich 80%
Porter Goss 80%
Duncan Hunter 80%
Bill McCollum 80%
Richard Pombo 80%
Richard Hugh Baker 79%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 79%
Jay Dickey 79%
Henry Hyde 79%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 79%
James Ramstad 79%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 78%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 78%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 78%
Thomas Ewing 78%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 77%
John McHugh 77%
Larry Pressler 77%
Charles Stenholm 77%
John Warner 77%
Richard Zimmer 77%
Bob Bennett 76%
Paul Coverdell 76%
Jennifer Dunn 76%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 76%
Steve Buyer 75%
Harris Fawell 75%
William Phillip Gramm 75%
Michael Oxley 75%
Ronald Packard 75%
Charles Taylor 75%
Herbert Callahan 74%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 74%
Robert Dole 74%
William Thomas 74%
Larry Craig 73%
Elton Gallegly 73%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 73%
Dirk Kempthorne 73%
James McCrery III 73%
William Roth, Jr. 73%
Randall Cunningham 72%
Jim Lightfoot 72%
Connie Mack 72%
Strom Thurmond 72%
Bill Emerson 71%
Terry Everett 71%
Kay Hutchison 71%
James Kolbe 71%
Trent Lott, Sr. 71%
Frank Murkowski 71%
Michael Bilirakis 70%
Mike Castle 70%
Tillie Fowler 70%
Scott Klug 70%
Barbara Vucanovich 70%
Alan Simpson 69%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 69%
Robert Livingston 68%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 68%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 66%
Steven Gunderson 65%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 65%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 65%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 64%
Jack Quinn 64%
Bill Young 64%
Douglas Bereuter 63%
Robert Franks 63%
Susan Molinari 63%
Dick Lugar 62%
John Edward Porter 62%
Gary Condit 61%
Vern Ehlers 61%
Bill Orton 61%
Jim Saxton 60%
Steven Schiff 60%
Christopher Shays 60%
Conrad Burns 59%
Slade Gorton 59%
David Lee Hobson 59%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 59%
Jerry Lewis 59%
Joseph Skeen 59%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 59%
James Leach 58%
Jan Meyers 58%
William Tauzin 58%
Herbert Bateman 57%
Alfonse D'Amato 57%
Wayne Gilchrest 57%
Gene Taylor 57%
William Cohen 56%
Paul Gillmor 56%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 56%
Rick Lazio 56%
John Chafee 53%
Gary Franks 53%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 53%
Olympia Snowe 53%
Pete Geren 52%
Stephen Horn 52%
David Minge 52%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 52%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 51%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 51%
Marge Roukema 51%
Peter Blute 50%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Nancy Johnson 50%
Glenn Poshard 50%
Peter Torkildsen 50%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 47%
Kit Bond 46%
Herb Kohl 45%
Arlen Specter 45%
Mike Parker 44%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 43%
James Walsh 43%
Ted Stevens 42%
Rob Andrews 41%
Greg Laughlin 40%
Bill Bradley 39%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 39%
Owen Pickett 39%
Ike Skelton 39%
Russ Feingold 38%
Sam Nunn 37%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 37%
James Barcia 36%
Chet Edwards 36%
Norman Sisisky 36%
Constance Morella 34%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 33%
Jerry Costello 32%
Blanche Lincoln 32%
Sherwood Boehlert 31%
Calvin Dooley 31%
Karen Thurman 31%
Benjamin Gilman 30%
Lee Hamilton 30%
Jane Harman 30%
G.V. Montgomery 29%
Henry Scott Baesler 28%
James Merrill Jeffords 28%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 28%
Patsy Ann Danner 27%
Charles Wilson 27%
Joe Lieberman 26%
William Lipinski 26%
Pete Peterson 26%
Timothy Roemer 26%
Earl Pomeroy 25%
Mark Hatfield 24%
Frank Lautenberg 24%
Jeff Bingaman 23%
Robert Cramer 23%
Daniel Graham 23%
Pat Williams 23%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 22%
Pat Schroeder 22%
Harold Volkmer 22%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 21%
Kent Conrad 21%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 21%
Bart Stupak 21%
Frank Tejeda 21%
Max Baucus 20%
Robert Byrd 20%
Ben Campbell 20%
Jim Exon 20%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 20%
Bob Kerrey 20%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 20%
Martin Meehan 20%
Richard Bryan 19%
E. Kika de la Garza 19%
John Glenn 19%
John LaFalce 19%
Tom Bevill 18%
Peter Deutsch 18%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 18%
Jonas Frost III 18%
Charles Robb 18%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 17%
David Pryor 17%
Dale Bumpers 16%
Michael McNulty 16%
Rick Boucher 15%
John Breaux 15%
Byron Dorgan 15%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 15%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 15%
Paul Wellstone 15%
Tony Hall 14%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 14%
Ernest Hollings 14%
Gerald Kleczka 14%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 14%
Thomas Manton 14%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 14%
Ray Thornton 14%
John Bryant 13%
Norm Dicks 13%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 13%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 13%
Gary Ackerman 12%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 12%
William Clay, Sr. 12%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 12%
Victor Fazio 12%
Wendell Ford 12%
W.G. Hefner 12%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 12%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 12%
Alan Mollohan 12%
Jim Oberstar 12%
Dave Obey 12%
Bill Richardson 12%
Paul Simon 12%
Robert Torricelli 12%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 12%
Bob Wise, Jr. 12%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 11%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 11%
Cardiss Collins 11%
Thomas Daschle 11%
Chris Dodd 11%
Barney Frank 11%
Sam Gibbons 11%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 11%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 11%
Matthew Martinez 11%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 11%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 11%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 11%
Patrick Moynihan 11%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 11%
Charles Rose III 11%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 11%
David Skaggs 11%
Mel Watt 11%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 10%
Harry Johnston 10%
J. Bennett Johnston 10%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 10%
Carol Moseley Braun 10%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 10%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 10%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 10%
Gerry Studds 10%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 9%
Ronald Coleman 9%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 9%
Cleo Fields 9%
Floyd Flake 9%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 9%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 9%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 9%
Robert Matsui 9%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 9%
Major Owens 9%
Clay Pell 9%
Martin Olav Sabo 9%
Anthony Beilenson 8%
Eva Clayton 8%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 8%
Ronald Dellums 8%
Julian Dixon 8%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 8%
William Jefferson 8%
Joseph Kennedy II 8%
Dale Kildee 8%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 8%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 8%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 8%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 8%
Donald Payne 8%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 8%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 8%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 8%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 8%
Pete Stark 8%
Esteban Edward Torres 8%
Ed Towns 8%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 8%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 8%
Sidney Yates 8%
Howard Berman 7%
George Brown, Jr. 7%
Barbara-Rose Collins 7%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 7%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 7%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 7%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 7%
Carrie Meek 7%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 7%
John Olver 7%
Paul Sarbanes 7%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 7%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 7%
Bruce Vento 7%
Albert Wynn 7%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 6%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 6%
Bob Filner 6%
Daniel Inouye 6%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 5%
David Edward Bonior 5%
Henry Gonzalez 5%
Maurice Hinchey 5%
Tom Lantos 5%
John Moakley 5%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 5%
Lynn Woolsey 5%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 4%
Lane Evans 4%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 3%
Sam Gejdenson 3%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 3%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.