Rating Group: Competitive Enterprise Institute

1994 Total Score

State Office Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 11%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 28%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 90%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 18%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 11%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 73%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 11%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 85%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 10%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 78%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 84%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 66%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 10%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 7%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 12%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 9%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 51%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 11%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 15%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 15%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 81%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 76%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 12%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 10%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 8%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 8%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 59%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 82%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 10%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 11%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 8%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 7%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 6%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 81%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 8%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 5%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 93%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 5%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 74%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 8%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 93%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 8%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 9%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 79%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 7%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 51%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 81%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 17%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 9%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 8%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 11%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 12%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 53%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 8%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 13%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 78%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 69%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 14%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 12%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 9%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 52%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 7%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 89%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 47%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 22%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 77%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 7%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 8%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 13%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 11%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 8%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 6%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 8%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 10%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 89%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 91%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 65%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 90%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 83%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 20%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 7%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 11%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 87%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 11%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 65%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 7%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 93%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 84%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 14%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 43%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 4%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 78%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 20%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 21%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 64%
Gary Ackerman 12%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 3%
Wayne Allard 93%
Rob Andrews 41%
Bill Archer 97%
Richard Armey 98%
Henry Scott Baesler 28%
Richard Hugh Baker 79%
William Baker 86%
Cass Ballenger 89%
James Barcia 36%
Bill Barrett 86%
Roscoe Bartlett 85%
Herbert Bateman 57%
Max Baucus 20%
Anthony Beilenson 8%
Bob Bennett 76%
Douglas Bereuter 63%
Howard Berman 7%
Tom Bevill 18%
Michael Bilirakis 70%
Jeff Bingaman 23%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 79%
Peter Blute 50%
Sherwood Boehlert 31%
Kit Bond 46%
Henry Bonilla 80%
David Edward Bonior 5%
Rick Boucher 15%
Bill Bradley 39%
John Breaux 15%
George Brown, Jr. 7%
Hank Brown 93%
Richard Bryan 19%
John Bryant 13%
Dale Bumpers 16%
Jim Bunning 88%
Conrad Burns 59%
Dan Burton 90%
Steve Buyer 75%
Robert Byrd 20%
Herbert Callahan 74%
Ben Campbell 20%
Mike Castle 70%
John Chafee 53%
William Clay, Sr. 12%
Eva Clayton 8%
William Cohen 56%
Ronald Coleman 9%
Barbara-Rose Collins 7%
Cardiss Collins 11%
Michael Collins 87%
Larry Combest 87%
Gary Condit 61%
Kent Conrad 21%
Jerry Costello 32%
Paul Coverdell 76%
Christopher Cox 91%
Larry Craig 73%
Robert Cramer 23%
Philip Crane 99%
Randall Cunningham 72%
Alfonse D'Amato 57%
Patsy Ann Danner 27%
Thomas Daschle 11%
E. Kika de la Garza 19%
Thomas DeLay 90%
Ronald Dellums 8%
Peter Deutsch 18%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 39%
Jay Dickey 79%
Norm Dicks 13%
Julian Dixon 8%
Chris Dodd 11%
Robert Dole 74%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Calvin Dooley 31%
John Doolittle 89%
Byron Dorgan 15%
Robert Dornan 87%
David Dreier 92%
Jennifer Dunn 76%
Chet Edwards 36%
Vern Ehlers 61%
Bill Emerson 71%
Lane Evans 4%
Terry Everett 71%
Thomas Ewing 78%
Jim Exon 20%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 88%
Harris Fawell 75%
Victor Fazio 12%
Russ Feingold 38%
Cleo Fields 9%
Jack Fields, Jr. 87%
Bob Filner 6%
Floyd Flake 9%
Wendell Ford 12%
Tillie Fowler 70%
Barney Frank 11%
Gary Franks 53%
Robert Franks 63%
Jonas Frost III 18%
Elton Gallegly 73%
Sam Gejdenson 3%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 8%
Pete Geren 52%
Sam Gibbons 11%
Wayne Gilchrest 57%
Paul Gillmor 56%
Benjamin Gilman 30%
Newt Gingrich 80%
John Glenn 19%
Henry Gonzalez 5%
Slade Gorton 59%
Porter Goss 80%
Daniel Graham 23%
William Phillip Gramm 75%
Rodney Grams 89%
Judd Gregg 82%
Steven Gunderson 65%
Tony Hall 14%
Lee Hamilton 30%
Melton Hancock 98%
James Hansen 84%
Jane Harman 30%
J. Dennis Hastert 82%
Mark Hatfield 24%
Joel Hefley 85%
W.G. Hefner 12%
Jesse Helms 85%
Wally Herger, Jr. 85%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 14%
Maurice Hinchey 5%
David Lee Hobson 59%
Pete Hoekstra 85%
Ernest Hollings 14%
Stephen Horn 52%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 56%
Duncan Hunter 80%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 82%
Kay Hutchison 71%
Henry Hyde 79%
Daniel Inouye 6%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 33%
William Jefferson 8%
James Merrill Jeffords 28%
Nancy Johnson 50%
Harry Johnston 10%
J. Bennett Johnston 10%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 59%
Dirk Kempthorne 73%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 12%
Joseph Kennedy II 8%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 9%
Bob Kerrey 20%
Dale Kildee 8%
Jay Kim 83%
Gerald Kleczka 14%
Scott Klug 70%
Joseph Knollenberg 88%
Herb Kohl 45%
James Kolbe 71%
Jon Kyl 86%
John LaFalce 19%
Tom Lantos 5%
Greg Laughlin 40%
Frank Lautenberg 24%
Rick Lazio 56%
James Leach 58%
Jerry Lewis 59%
Ron Lewis 83%
Joe Lieberman 26%
Jim Lightfoot 72%
Blanche Lincoln 32%
John Linder 84%
William Lipinski 26%
Robert Livingston 68%
Trent Lott, Sr. 71%
Dick Lugar 62%
Connie Mack 72%
Thomas Manton 14%
Don Manzullo 89%
Matthew Martinez 11%
Robert Matsui 9%
Bill McCollum 80%
James McCrery III 73%
John McHugh 77%
Scott McInnis 82%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 9%
Michael McNulty 16%
Martin Meehan 20%
Carrie Meek 7%
Jan Meyers 58%
Dan Miller 89%
David Minge 52%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 3%
John Moakley 5%
Susan Molinari 63%
Alan Mollohan 12%
G.V. Montgomery 29%
Carlos Moorhead 85%
Constance Morella 34%
Carol Moseley Braun 10%
Patrick Moynihan 11%
Frank Murkowski 71%
Don Nickles 88%
Sam Nunn 37%
James Nussle 85%
Jim Oberstar 12%
Dave Obey 12%
John Olver 7%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 21%
Bill Orton 61%
Major Owens 9%
Michael Oxley 75%
Ronald Packard 75%
Mike Parker 44%
William Paxon 94%
Donald Payne 8%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 37%
Clay Pell 9%
Pete Peterson 26%
Owen Pickett 39%
Richard Pombo 80%
Earl Pomeroy 25%
John Edward Porter 62%
Glenn Poshard 50%
Larry Pressler 77%
David Pryor 17%
Jack Quinn 64%
James Ramstad 79%
Bill Richardson 12%
Charles Robb 18%
Timothy Roemer 26%
Charles Rose III 11%
Toby Roth 85%
William Roth, Jr. 73%
Marge Roukema 51%
Martin Olav Sabo 9%
Paul Sarbanes 7%
Jim Saxton 60%
Daniel Schaefer 87%
Steven Schiff 60%
Pat Schroeder 22%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 68%
Christopher Shays 60%
Paul Simon 12%
Alan Simpson 69%
Norman Sisisky 36%
David Skaggs 11%
Joseph Skeen 59%
Ike Skelton 39%
Nick Smith 88%
Bob Smith 92%
Olympia Snowe 53%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 89%
Arlen Specter 45%
Pete Stark 8%
Cliff Stearns 89%
Charles Stenholm 77%
Ted Stevens 42%
Gerry Studds 10%
Bob Stump 94%
Bart Stupak 21%
James Talent 81%
William Tauzin 58%
Charles Taylor 75%
Gene Taylor 57%
Frank Tejeda 21%
Craig Thomas 81%
William Thomas 74%
Ray Thornton 14%
Karen Thurman 31%
Strom Thurmond 72%
Peter Torkildsen 50%
Esteban Edward Torres 8%
Robert Torricelli 12%
Ed Towns 8%
Bruce Vento 7%
Harold Volkmer 22%
Barbara Vucanovich 70%
James Walsh 43%
John Warner 77%
Mel Watt 11%
Paul Wellstone 15%
Pat Williams 23%
Charles Wilson 27%
Bob Wise, Jr. 12%
Lynn Woolsey 5%
Albert Wynn 7%
Sidney Yates 8%
Bill Young 64%
Bill Zeliff 85%
Richard Zimmer 77%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.