Rating Group: Competitive Enterprise Institute

1994 Total Score

Issues: Conservative
State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 4%
Gary Ackerman 12%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 3%
Wayne Allard 93%
Rob Andrews 41%
Bill Archer 97%
Richard Armey 98%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 82%
Henry Scott Baesler 28%
Richard Hugh Baker 79%
William Baker 86%
Cass Ballenger 89%
James Barcia 36%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 21%
Bill Barrett 86%
Roscoe Bartlett 85%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 90%
Herbert Bateman 57%
Max Baucus 20%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 5%
Anthony Beilenson 8%
Bob Bennett 76%
Douglas Bereuter 63%
Howard Berman 7%
Tom Bevill 18%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 11%
Michael Bilirakis 70%
Jeff Bingaman 23%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 17%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 79%
Peter Blute 50%
Sherwood Boehlert 31%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 89%
Kit Bond 46%
Henry Bonilla 80%
David Edward Bonior 5%
Rick Boucher 15%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 11%
Bill Bradley 39%
John Breaux 15%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 9%
George Brown, Jr. 7%
Hank Brown 93%
Richard Bryan 19%
John Bryant 13%
Dale Bumpers 16%
Jim Bunning 88%
Conrad Burns 59%
Dan Burton 90%
Steve Buyer 75%
Robert Byrd 20%
Herbert Callahan 74%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 74%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 78%
Ben Campbell 20%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 78%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 12%
Mike Castle 70%
John Chafee 53%
William Clay, Sr. 12%
Eva Clayton 8%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 78%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 89%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 51%
William Cohen 56%
Ronald Coleman 9%
Barbara-Rose Collins 7%
Cardiss Collins 11%
Michael Collins 87%
Larry Combest 87%
Gary Condit 61%
Kent Conrad 21%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 9%
Jerry Costello 32%
Paul Coverdell 76%
Christopher Cox 91%
Larry Craig 73%
Robert Cramer 23%
Philip Crane 99%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 85%
Randall Cunningham 72%
Alfonse D'Amato 57%
Patsy Ann Danner 27%
Thomas Daschle 11%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 43%
E. Kika de la Garza 19%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 8%
Thomas DeLay 90%
Ronald Dellums 8%
Peter Deutsch 18%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 39%
Jay Dickey 79%
Norm Dicks 13%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 12%
Julian Dixon 8%
Chris Dodd 11%
Robert Dole 74%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 50%
Calvin Dooley 31%
John Doolittle 89%
Byron Dorgan 15%
Robert Dornan 87%
David Dreier 92%
Jennifer Dunn 76%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 10%
Chet Edwards 36%
Vern Ehlers 61%
Bill Emerson 71%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 6%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 7%
Lane Evans 4%
Terry Everett 71%
Thomas Ewing 78%
Jim Exon 20%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 88%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 6%
Harris Fawell 75%
Victor Fazio 12%
Russ Feingold 38%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 18%
Cleo Fields 9%
Jack Fields, Jr. 87%
Bob Filner 6%
Floyd Flake 9%
Wendell Ford 12%
Tillie Fowler 70%
Barney Frank 11%
Gary Franks 53%
Robert Franks 63%
Jonas Frost III 18%
Elton Gallegly 73%
Sam Gejdenson 3%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 8%
Pete Geren 52%
Sam Gibbons 11%
Wayne Gilchrest 57%
Paul Gillmor 56%
Benjamin Gilman 30%
Newt Gingrich 80%
John Glenn 19%
Henry Gonzalez 5%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 87%
Slade Gorton 59%
Porter Goss 80%
Daniel Graham 23%
William Phillip Gramm 75%
Rodney Grams 89%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 73%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 20%
Judd Gregg 82%
Steven Gunderson 65%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 11%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 65%
Tony Hall 14%
Lee Hamilton 30%
Melton Hancock 98%
James Hansen 84%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 11%
Jane Harman 30%
J. Dennis Hastert 82%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 7%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 76%
Mark Hatfield 24%
Joel Hefley 85%
W.G. Hefner 12%
Jesse Helms 85%
Wally Herger, Jr. 85%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 14%
Maurice Hinchey 5%
David Lee Hobson 59%
Pete Hoekstra 85%
Ernest Hollings 14%
Stephen Horn 52%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 56%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 13%
Duncan Hunter 80%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 82%
Kay Hutchison 71%
Henry Hyde 79%
Daniel Inouye 6%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 33%
William Jefferson 8%
James Merrill Jeffords 28%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 7%
Nancy Johnson 50%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 91%
Harry Johnston 10%
J. Bennett Johnston 10%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 59%
Dirk Kempthorne 73%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 12%
Joseph Kennedy II 8%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 9%
Bob Kerrey 20%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 20%
Dale Kildee 8%
Jay Kim 83%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 77%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 81%
Gerald Kleczka 14%
Scott Klug 70%
Joseph Knollenberg 88%
Herb Kohl 45%
James Kolbe 71%
Jon Kyl 86%
John LaFalce 19%
Tom Lantos 5%
Greg Laughlin 40%
Frank Lautenberg 24%
Rick Lazio 56%
James Leach 58%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 12%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 9%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 14%
Jerry Lewis 59%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 9%
Ron Lewis 83%
Joe Lieberman 26%
Jim Lightfoot 72%
Blanche Lincoln 32%
John Linder 84%
William Lipinski 26%
Robert Livingston 68%
Trent Lott, Sr. 71%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 8%
Dick Lugar 62%
Connie Mack 72%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 13%
Thomas Manton 14%
Don Manzullo 89%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 10%
Matthew Martinez 11%
Robert Matsui 9%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 90%
Bill McCollum 80%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 66%
James McCrery III 73%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 7%
John McHugh 77%
Scott McInnis 82%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 81%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 9%
Michael McNulty 16%
Martin Meehan 20%
Carrie Meek 7%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 11%
Jan Meyers 58%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 79%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 7%
Dan Miller 89%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 11%
David Minge 52%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 3%
John Moakley 5%
Susan Molinari 63%
Alan Mollohan 12%
G.V. Montgomery 29%
Carlos Moorhead 85%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 11%
Constance Morella 34%
Carol Moseley Braun 10%
Patrick Moynihan 11%
Frank Murkowski 71%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 8%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 64%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 8%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 8%
Don Nickles 88%
Sam Nunn 37%
James Nussle 85%
Jim Oberstar 12%
Dave Obey 12%
John Olver 7%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 21%
Bill Orton 61%
Major Owens 9%
Michael Oxley 75%
Ronald Packard 75%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 22%
Mike Parker 44%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 10%
William Paxon 94%
Donald Payne 8%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 37%
Clay Pell 9%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 8%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 52%
Pete Peterson 26%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 84%
Owen Pickett 39%
Richard Pombo 80%
Earl Pomeroy 25%
John Edward Porter 62%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 81%
Glenn Poshard 50%
Larry Pressler 77%
David Pryor 17%
Jack Quinn 64%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 14%
James Ramstad 79%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 11%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 15%
Bill Richardson 12%
Charles Robb 18%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 84%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 8%
Timothy Roemer 26%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 53%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 93%
Charles Rose III 11%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 51%
Toby Roth 85%
William Roth, Jr. 73%
Marge Roukema 51%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 5%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 93%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 8%
Martin Olav Sabo 9%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 10%
Paul Sarbanes 7%
Jim Saxton 60%
Daniel Schaefer 87%
Steven Schiff 60%
Pat Schroeder 22%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 15%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 11%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 93%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 8%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 68%
Christopher Shays 60%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 28%
Paul Simon 12%
Alan Simpson 69%
Norman Sisisky 36%
David Skaggs 11%
Joseph Skeen 59%
Ike Skelton 39%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 10%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 47%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 83%
Nick Smith 88%
Bob Smith 92%
Olympia Snowe 53%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 89%
Arlen Specter 45%
Pete Stark 8%
Cliff Stearns 89%
Charles Stenholm 77%
Ted Stevens 42%
Gerry Studds 10%
Bob Stump 94%
Bart Stupak 21%
James Talent 81%
William Tauzin 58%
Charles Taylor 75%
Gene Taylor 57%
Frank Tejeda 21%
Craig Thomas 81%
William Thomas 74%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 7%
Ray Thornton 14%
Karen Thurman 31%
Strom Thurmond 72%
Peter Torkildsen 50%
Esteban Edward Torres 8%
Robert Torricelli 12%
Ed Towns 8%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 69%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 7%
Bruce Vento 7%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 12%
Harold Volkmer 22%
Barbara Vucanovich 70%
James Walsh 43%
John Warner 77%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 8%
Mel Watt 11%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 8%
Paul Wellstone 15%
Pat Williams 23%
Charles Wilson 27%
Bob Wise, Jr. 12%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 65%
Lynn Woolsey 5%
Albert Wynn 7%
Sidney Yates 8%
Bill Young 64%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 59%
Bill Zeliff 85%
Richard Zimmer 77%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.