Rating Group: United States Chamber of Commerce

1999 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 88%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 71%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 88%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 80%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 76%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 75%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 88%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 24%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 53%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 47%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 44%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 4%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 12%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 16%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 28%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 29%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 17%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 44%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 96%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 32%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 96%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 45%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 17%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 22%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 76%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 16%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 96%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 12%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 36%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 76%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 28%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 24%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 38%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 16%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 28%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 88%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 22%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 71%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 84%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 80%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 91%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 75%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 56%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 9%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 84%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 17%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 94%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 47%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 96%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 88%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 35%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 23%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 16%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 17%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 20%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 96%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 4%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 94%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 88%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 94%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 88%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 88%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 88%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 59%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 88%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 16%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 32%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 20%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 12%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 16%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 59%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 28%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 20%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 21%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 76%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 24%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 53%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 44%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 96%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 92%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 24%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 24%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 17%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 72%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 96%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 88%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 96%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 17%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 47%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 53%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 84%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 72%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 40%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 78%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 52%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 88%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 24%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 68%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 64%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 24%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 25%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 68%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 24%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 24%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 35%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 53%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 54%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 44%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 29%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 24%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 12%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 36%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 29%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 32%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 12%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 24%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 16%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 21%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 92%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 84%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 92%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 26%
OH Governor John Kasich R 75%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 24%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 82%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 94%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 67%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 96%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 59%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 96%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 40%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 12%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 88%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 20%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 24%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 32%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 92%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 20%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 47%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 77%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 50%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 72%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 13%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 47%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 92%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 56%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 88%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 71%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 86%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 95%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 95%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 76%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 40%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 29%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 88%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 24%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 36%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 84%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 24%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 88%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 28%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 88%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 64%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 68%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 41%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 8%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 59%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 12%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 56%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 32%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 4%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 92%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 44%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 80%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 88%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 12%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 41%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 24%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 94%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 100%
Gary Ackerman 29%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 41%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 28%
Rob Andrews 25%
Bill Archer 88%
Richard Armey 92%
John Ashcroft 88%
Brian Baird 33%
Richard Hugh Baker 96%
Cass Ballenger 84%
James Barcia 52%
Bob Barr, Jr. 76%
Bill Barrett 84%
Roscoe Bartlett 84%
Charlie Bass 88%
Herbert Bateman 92%
Max Baucus 59%
Evan Bayh 59%
Bob Bennett 94%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 40%
Douglas Bereuter 92%
Shelley Berkley 36%
Howard Berman 26%
Marion Berry 58%
Judy Biggert 96%
Brian Bilbray 68%
Michael Bilirakis 88%
Jeff Bingaman 59%
Rod Blagojevich 30%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 96%
Sherwood Boehlert 60%
Kit Bond 94%
Henry Bonilla 84%
David Edward Bonior 16%
Mary Bono Mack 79%
Robert Borski, Jr. 24%
Leonard Boswell 50%
Rick Boucher 48%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 68%
John Breaux 56%
Richard Bryan 53%
Ed Bryant 92%
Jim Bunning 82%
Conrad Burns 88%
Dan Burton 83%
Steve Buyer 88%
Robert Byrd 47%
Herbert Callahan 84%
Ben Campbell 94%
Thomas Campbell 64%
Chris Cannon 92%
Julia Carson 18%
Mike Castle 72%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 73%
William Clay, Sr. 22%
Eva Clayton 21%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 47%
Robert Clement 68%
Michael Collins 80%
Larry Combest 92%
Gary Condit 64%
Kent Conrad 53%
Merrill Cook 76%
John Cooksey 91%
Jerry Costello 24%
Paul Coverdell 82%
Christopher Cox 75%
William Coyne 24%
Larry Craig 88%
Robert Cramer 72%
Philip Crane 91%
Barbara Cubin 91%
Randall Cunningham 92%
Patsy Ann Danner 64%
Thomas Daschle 56%
James Davis 44%
Thomas Davis III 88%
Bill Delahunt 24%
Thomas DeLay 92%
James DeMint 92%
Peter Deutsch 40%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 60%
Jay Dickey 83%
Norm Dicks 28%
Julian Dixon 26%
Chris Dodd 53%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 94%
Calvin Dooley 80%
John Doolittle 80%
Byron Dorgan 35%
David Dreier 96%
Jennifer Dunn 96%
John Edwards 41%
Chet Edwards 42%
Vern Ehlers 96%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 83%
Jo Ann Emerson 80%
Philip English 76%
Bob Etheridge 48%
Lane Evans 16%
Terry Everett 80%
Thomas Ewing 100%
Russ Feingold 24%
Bob Filner 20%
Peter Fitzgerald 88%
Ernest Fletcher 96%
Mark Foley 72%
Michael Patrick Forbes 44%
Harold Ford, Jr. 40%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 91%
Tillie Fowler 92%
Barney Frank 21%
Robert Franks 80%
William Frist 100%
Jonas Frost III 42%
Elton Gallegly 84%
John Ganske 45%
Sam Gejdenson 28%
George Gekas 100%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 24%
Jim Gibbons 68%
Wayne Gilchrest 72%
Paul Gillmor 88%
Benjamin Gilman 48%
Charlie Gonzalez 36%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 84%
William Goodling 92%
Bart Gordon 71%
Slade Gorton 88%
Porter Goss 92%
Daniel Graham 35%
William Phillip Gramm 94%
Rodney Grams 94%
Mark Green 92%
James Greenwood 76%
Judd Gregg 76%
Gilbert Gutknecht 96%
Tony Hall 25%
James Hansen 96%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Robert Hayes 88%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 80%
Joel Hefley 79%
Jesse Helms 82%
Wally Herger, Jr. 88%
Baron Hill 56%
Rick Hill 92%
Van Hilleary 83%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 24%
Maurice Hinchey 16%
David Lee Hobson 83%
Pete Hoekstra 88%
Thomas Holden 58%
Ernest Hollings 27%
Darlene Hooley 40%
Stephen Horn 72%
John Nathan Hostettler 83%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 87%
Kenny Hulshof 88%
Duncan Hunter 70%
Asa Hutchinson 91%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 94%
Kay Hutchison 94%
Henry Hyde 75%
Daniel Inouye 50%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 83%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 8%
William Jefferson 40%
James Merrill Jeffords 76%
William Lewis Jenkins 84%
Christopher John 83%
Nancy Johnson 83%
Paul Kanjorski 24%
Sue Kelly 80%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 47%
Patrick Kennedy 25%
Bob Kerrey 53%
Dale Kildee 20%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 16%
Gerald Kleczka 24%
Ronald Klink 20%
Joseph Knollenberg 92%
Herb Kohl 41%
James Kolbe 91%
Dennis Kucinich 12%
Steven Kuykendall 92%
Jon Kyl 82%
John LaFalce 24%
Ray LaHood 84%
Nicholas Lampson 32%
Tom Lantos 14%
Stephen Largent 87%
Steve LaTourette 79%
Frank Lautenberg 44%
Rick Lazio 76%
James Leach 76%
Jerry Lewis 92%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 47%
Blanche Lincoln 65%
John Linder 92%
William Lipinski 28%
Trent Lott, Sr. 82%
Dick Lugar 100%
William Luther 27%
Connie Mack 88%
James Maloney 44%
Don Manzullo 96%
Matthew Martinez 22%
Frank Mascara 20%
Robert Matsui 29%
Karen McCarthy 44%
Bill McCollum 87%
James McCrery III 96%
John McHugh 76%
Scott McInnis 88%
David McIntosh 84%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 8%
Michael McNulty 21%
Martin Meehan 20%
Carrie Meek 25%
Jack Metcalf 86%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 30%
Dan Miller 83%
David Minge 36%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 28%
John Moakley 24%
Alan Mollohan 36%
Dennis Moore 52%
Constance Morella 42%
Patrick Moynihan 54%
Frank Murkowski 88%
Jack Murtha 43%
Sue Myrick 84%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 88%
Robert William Ney 92%
Don Nickles 88%
Anne Northup 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 71%
James Nussle 100%
Jim Oberstar 23%
Dave Obey 4%
John Olver 13%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 33%
Doug Ose 92%
Major Owens 21%
Michael Oxley 96%
Ronald Packard 92%
Ron Paul 60%
Donald Payne 21%
Edward Pease 96%
John Peterson 100%
David Phelps 28%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 88%
Owen Pickett 72%
Richard Pombo 88%
Earl Pomeroy 44%
John Edward Porter 72%
Deborah Pryce 100%
Jack Quinn 72%
George Radanovich 96%
James Ramstad 80%
Ralph Regula 84%
Silvestre Reyes 33%
Thomas Reynolds 92%
Bob Riley 79%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 28%
Charles Robb 53%
Ciro Rodriguez 21%
Timothy Roemer 60%
James Rogan 83%
William Roth, Jr. 94%
Steve Rothman 28%
Marge Roukema 72%
Jim Ryun 84%
Martin Olav Sabo 13%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 60%
Rick Santorum 81%
Paul Sarbanes 35%
Jim Saxton 68%
Joe Scarborough 74%
Robert Schaffer 80%
John Shadegg 79%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 88%
Christopher Shays 60%
Donald Sherwood 88%
Ronnie Shows 56%
E.G. Shuster 96%
Norman Sisisky 72%
Joseph Skeen 88%
Ike Skelton 52%
Gordon Smith 94%
Nick Smith 79%
Bob Smith 82%
Olympia Snowe 59%
Vic Snyder 29%
Mark Souder 80%
Arlen Specter 47%
Floyd Spence 80%
John Spratt, Jr. 26%
Pete Stark 8%
Cliff Stearns 72%
Charles Stenholm 68%
Ted Stevens 88%
Ted Strickland 20%
Bob Stump 84%
Bart Stupak 16%
John Sununu 88%
John Sweeney 76%
James Talent 92%
Tom Tancredo 88%
John Tanner 76%
Ellen Tauscher 68%
William Tauzin 100%
Charles Taylor 78%
Gene Taylor 68%
Craig Thomas 100%
William Thomas 96%
Fred Thompson 71%
Karen Thurman 29%
Strom Thurmond 76%
Todd Tiahrt 88%
Robert Torricelli 41%
Ed Towns 28%
James Traficant, Jr. 36%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 25%
James Turner 60%
Bruce Vento 8%
George Voinovich 82%
James Walsh 72%
Zach Wamp 60%
John Warner 100%
Wesley Watkins 96%
Mel Watt 12%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 100%
Anthony Weiner 24%
David Weldon 88%
W. Curtis Weldon 68%
Gerald Weller 88%
Paul Wellstone 24%
Robert Wexler 20%
Bob Weygand 40%
Heather Wilson 88%
Bob Wise, Jr. 32%
Lynn Woolsey 12%
David Wu 24%
Albert Wynn 22%
Bill Young 86%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.