Rating Group: United States Chamber of Commerce

1997 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Bill Archer 100%
Richard Armey 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 100%
Bill Barrett 100%
Herbert Bateman 100%
Bob Bennett 100%
Michael Bilirakis 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
Kit Bond 100%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
Ed Bryant 100%
Steve Buyer 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 100%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
John Chafee 100%
Jon Lynn Christensen 100%
Larry Combest 100%
John Cooksey 100%
Larry Craig 100%
Randall Cunningham 100%
Thomas Davis III 100%
Thomas DeLay 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 100%
David Dreier 100%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
Mark Foley 100%
William Frist 100%
Elton Gallegly 100%
George Gekas 100%
Newt Gingrich 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
Slade Gorton 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 100%
Judd Gregg 100%
Gilbert Gutknecht 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 100%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 100%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Kay Hutchison 100%
James Merrill Jeffords 100%
William Lewis Jenkins 100%
Christopher John 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
Dirk Kempthorne 100%
Jay Kim 100%
Joseph Knollenberg 100%
James Kolbe 100%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 100%
James Leach 100%
John Linder 100%
Robert Livingston 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 100%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
James McCrery III 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 100%
Dan Miller 100%
Frank Murkowski 100%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 100%
Don Nickles 100%
Anne Northup 100%
James Nussle 100%
Michael Oxley 100%
Ronald Packard 100%
John Peterson 100%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
Deborah Pryce 100%
Bill Redmond 100%
Frank Riggs 100%
William Roth, Jr. 100%
Jim Ryun 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 100%
Joseph Skeen 100%
Gordon Smith 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
Robert Smith 100%
Vincent Snowbarger 100%
John Sununu 100%
William Tauzin 100%
Charles Taylor 100%
William Thomas 100%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
John Warner 100%
Rick White 100%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
Bill Young 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 90%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 90%
Roscoe Bartlett 90%
Charlie Bass 90%
Douglas Bereuter 90%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 90%
Henry Bonilla 90%
Sonny Bono 90%
Jim Bunning 90%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 90%
Herbert Callahan 90%
Chris Cannon 90%
Mike Castle 90%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 90%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 90%
Paul Coverdell 90%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 90%
Calvin Dooley 90%
Vern Ehlers 90%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 90%
Jo Ann Emerson 90%
Harris Fawell 90%
Tillie Fowler 90%
Jon David Fox 90%
Robert Franks 90%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 90%
Wayne Gilchrest 90%
William Goodling 90%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 90%
James Greenwood 90%
James Hansen 90%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 90%
Wally Herger, Jr. 90%
Van Hilleary 90%
David Lee Hobson 90%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 90%
Kenny Hulshof 90%
Asa Hutchinson 90%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 90%
Stephen Largent 90%
Steve LaTourette 90%
Trent Lott, Sr. 90%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 90%
Dick Lugar 90%
Don Manzullo 90%
Bill McCollum 90%
Scott McInnis 90%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 90%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 90%
Constance Morella 90%
Sue Myrick 90%
Mark Neumann 90%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 90%
Mike Parker 90%
William Paxon 90%
Edward Pease 90%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 90%
John Edward Porter 90%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 90%
James Ramstad 90%
Ralph Regula 90%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 90%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 90%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 90%
Rick Santorum 90%
Daniel Schaefer 90%
Robert Schaffer 90%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 90%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 90%
E.G. Shuster 90%
Nick Smith 90%
Floyd Spence 90%
Charles Stenholm 90%
Bob Stump 90%
Craig Thomas 90%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 90%
Todd Tiahrt 90%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 90%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 90%
Paul Gillmor 89%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 89%
Wesley Watkins 89%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 89%
W. Curtis Weldon 89%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 88%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 80%
Wayne Allard 80%
Bob Barr, Jr. 80%
Brian Bilbray 80%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 80%
Dan Burton 80%
Thomas Campbell 80%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 80%
Robert Clement 80%
Michael Collins 80%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 80%
Merrill Cook 80%
Robert Cramer 80%
Philip Crane 80%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 80%
Jay Dickey 80%
John Doolittle 80%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 80%
John Ensign 80%
Terry Everett 80%
Thomas Ewing 80%
Jim Gibbons 80%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 80%
Porter Goss 80%
Daniel Graham 80%
William Phillip Gramm 80%
Rodney Grams 80%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 80%
Jane Harman 80%
Joel Hefley 80%
Rick Hill 80%
John Nathan Hostettler 80%
Duncan Hunter 80%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 80%
Nancy Johnson 80%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 80%
OH Governor John Kasich R 80%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 80%
Herb Kohl 80%
Ray LaHood 80%
Rick Lazio 80%
Jerry Lewis 80%
Connie Mack 80%
Joseph McDade 80%
John McHugh 80%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 80%
Robert William Ney 80%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 80%
Owen Pickett 80%
George Radanovich 80%
James Rogan 80%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 80%
Marge Roukema 80%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 80%
Jim Saxton 80%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 80%
John Shadegg 80%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 80%
Mark Souder 80%
Ted Stevens 80%
James Talent 80%
John Tanner 80%
Gene Taylor 80%
Strom Thurmond 80%
James Turner 80%
James Walsh 80%
Zach Wamp 80%
Gerald Weller 80%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 80%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 78%
Conrad Burns 78%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 78%
Ron Lewis 78%
Jack Quinn 78%
Bob Riley 78%
Ike Skelton 78%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 78%
Christopher Cox 75%
Barbara Cubin 71%
John Ashcroft 70%
Henry Scott Baesler 70%
Max Baucus 70%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 70%
Leonard Boswell 70%
John Breaux 70%
Richard Bryan 70%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 70%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 70%
Alfonse D'Amato 70%
Patsy Ann Danner 70%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 70%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 70%
Chet Edwards 70%
Philip English 70%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 70%
Bob Etheridge 70%
John Ganske 70%
Bart Gordon 70%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 70%
Jesse Helms 70%
Thomas Holden 70%
Henry Hyde 70%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 70%
Sue Kelly 70%
Scott Klug 70%
Jon Kyl 70%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 70%
David Minge 70%
Carol Moseley Braun 70%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 70%
Michael Pappas 70%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 70%
Charles Robb 70%
Timothy Roemer 70%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 70%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 70%
Joe Scarborough 70%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 70%
Christopher Shays 70%
Norman Sisisky 70%
Linda Smith 70%
Olympia Snowe 70%
Cliff Stearns 70%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 70%
Sherwood Boehlert 67%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 67%
David McIntosh 67%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 67%
David Weldon 67%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 60%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 60%
James Barcia 60%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 60%
Marion Berry 60%
Jeff Bingaman 60%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 60%
Ben Campbell 60%
Gary Condit 60%
Thomas Daschle 60%
James Davis 60%
Peter Deutsch 60%
Norm Dicks 60%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 60%
Victor Fazio 60%
Michael Patrick Forbes 60%
Harold Ford, Jr. 60%
Jonas Frost III 60%
Benjamin Gilman 60%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 60%
Lee Hamilton 60%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 60%
Stephen Horn 60%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 60%
Bob Kerrey 60%
Frank Lautenberg 60%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 60%
Joe Lieberman 60%
William Luther 60%
James Maloney 60%
Matthew Martinez 60%
Karen McCarthy 60%
Jack Metcalf 60%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 60%
Ron Paul 60%
Richard Pombo 60%
Earl Pomeroy 60%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 60%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 60%
Vic Snyder 60%
Fred Thompson 60%
Karen Thurman 60%
James Traficant, Jr. 60%
Jack Murtha 56%
Ciro Rodriguez 56%
Thomas Allen 50%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 50%
Walter Holden Capps 50%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 50%
Kent Conrad 50%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 50%
Chris Dodd 50%
Byron Dorgan 50%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 50%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 50%
Tony Hall 50%
Darlene Hooley 50%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 50%
Daniel Inouye 50%
William Jefferson 50%
Jay Johnson 50%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 50%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 50%
Gerald Kleczka 50%
Nicholas Lampson 50%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 50%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 50%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 50%
Frank Mascara 50%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 50%
Paul McHale 50%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 50%
Patrick Moynihan 50%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 50%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 50%
Glenn Poshard 50%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 50%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 50%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 50%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 50%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 50%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 50%
Bob Smith 50%
Arlen Specter 50%
John Spratt, Jr. 50%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 50%
Ellen Tauscher 50%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 50%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 44%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 44%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 44%
Thomas Manton 44%
Martin Meehan 44%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 44%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 44%
Ted Strickland 44%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 40%
Rod Blagojevich 40%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 40%
David Edward Bonior 40%
Rick Boucher 40%
Dale Bumpers 40%
Robert Byrd 40%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 40%
Eva Clayton 40%
Jerry Costello 40%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 40%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 40%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 40%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 40%
Thomas Foglietta 40%
Elizabeth Furse 40%
Sam Gejdenson 40%
John Glenn 40%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 40%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 40%
Paul Kanjorski 40%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 40%
Dale Kildee 40%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 40%
John LaFalce 40%
William Lipinski 40%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 40%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 40%
Robert Matsui 40%
Carrie Meek 40%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 40%
Jim Oberstar 40%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 40%
Silvestre Reyes 40%
Steve Rothman 40%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 40%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 40%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 40%
David Skaggs 40%
Bart Stupak 40%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 40%
Robert Torricelli 40%
Bruce Vento 40%
Robert Wexler 40%
Bob Wise, Jr. 40%
Albert Wynn 40%
W.G. Hefner 38%
Gary Ackerman 33%
Rob Andrews 33%
Howard Berman 33%
Henry Gonzalez 33%
Ronald Klink 33%
Tom Lantos 33%
Ed Towns 33%
Sidney Yates 33%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 30%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 30%
Robert Borski, Jr. 30%
George Brown, Jr. 30%
Julia Carson 30%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 30%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 30%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 30%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 30%
Julian Dixon 30%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 30%
Bob Filner 30%
Wendell Ford 30%
Barney Frank 30%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 30%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 30%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 30%
Michael McNulty 30%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 30%
John Moakley 30%
Alan Mollohan 30%
Dave Obey 30%
John Olver 30%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 30%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 30%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 30%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 30%
Martin Olav Sabo 30%
Paul Sarbanes 30%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 30%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 30%
Esteban Edward Torres 30%
Mel Watt 30%
Bob Weygand 30%
Lynn Woolsey 30%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 22%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 22%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 22%
William Clay, Sr. 20%
William Coyne 20%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 20%
Bill Delahunt 20%
Ronald Dellums 20%
Lane Evans 20%
Russ Feingold 20%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 20%
Maurice Hinchey 20%
Ernest Hollings 20%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 20%
Joseph Kennedy II 20%
Patrick Kennedy 20%
Dennis Kucinich 20%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 20%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 20%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 20%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 20%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 20%
Major Owens 20%
Donald Payne 20%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 20%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 20%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 20%
Louis Stokes 20%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 20%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 20%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 20%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 20%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 13%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 11%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 11%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 10%
Pete Stark 10%
Paul Wellstone 10%
Steven Schiff 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.