Rating Group: United States Chamber of Commerce

1997 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 80%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 80%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 90%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 90%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 70%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matthew Salmon R 70%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 50%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 11%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 20%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 40%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 40%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 40%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 90%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 50%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 20%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 30%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 80%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 30%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 20%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 60%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 80%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 50%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 50%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 22%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 30%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 44%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 20%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 90%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 100%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 80%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 60%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 20%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 88%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 90%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 30%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 70%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 70%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 40%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 13%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 10%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 80%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 40%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 50%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 50%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 90%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 90%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 90%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 70%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 50%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 30%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 20%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 20%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 40%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 30%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 44%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 40%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 80%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 60%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 90%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 50%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 50%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 30%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 50%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 50%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 70%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 90%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 40%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 90%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 70%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 50%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 80%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 50%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 90%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 80%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 90%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 67%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 50%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 30%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 40%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 90%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 40%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 50%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 40%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 50%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 20%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 20%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 50%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 30%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 30%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 30%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 40%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 30%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 40%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 22%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 50%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 22%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 90%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 80%
OH Governor John Kasich R 80%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 90%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 50%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 78%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 40%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 20%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 70%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 50%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 70%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 44%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 60%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 30%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 90%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 70%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 90%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 80%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 80%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 78%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 100%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 60%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 44%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 60%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 40%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 90%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 40%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 40%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 50%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 90%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 60%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 20%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 20%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 50%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 70%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 50%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 80%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 80%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 40%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 20%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 67%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 70%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 90%
Gary Ackerman 33%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 60%
Wayne Allard 80%
Thomas Allen 50%
Rob Andrews 33%
Bill Archer 100%
Richard Armey 100%
John Ashcroft 70%
Henry Scott Baesler 70%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 100%
James Barcia 60%
Robert Barr, Jr. 80%
Bill Barrett 100%
Roscoe Bartlett 90%
Charlie Bass 90%
Herbert Bateman 100%
Max Baucus 70%
Bob Bennett 100%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 60%
Douglas Bereuter 90%
Howard Berman 33%
Marion Berry 60%
Brian Bilbray 80%
Michael Bilirakis 100%
Jeff Bingaman 60%
Rod Blagojevich 40%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 100%
Sherwood Boehlert 67%
Kit Bond 100%
Henry Bonilla 90%
David Edward Bonior 40%
Sonny Bono 90%
Robert Borski, Jr. 30%
Leonard Boswell 70%
Rick Boucher 40%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 80%
John Breaux 70%
George Brown, Jr. 30%
Richard Bryan 70%
Ed Bryant 100%
Dale Bumpers 40%
Jim Bunning 90%
Conrad Burns 78%
Dan Burton 80%
Steve Buyer 100%
Robert Byrd 40%
Herbert Callahan 90%
Ben Campbell 60%
Thomas Campbell 80%
Chris Cannon 90%
Walter Holden Capps 50%
Julia Carson 30%
Mike Castle 90%
John Chafee 100%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 70%
Jon Lynn Christensen 100%
William Clay, Sr. 20%
Eva Clayton 40%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 80%
Robert Clement 80%
Michael Collins 80%
Larry Combest 100%
Gary Condit 60%
Kent Conrad 50%
Merrill Cook 80%
John Cooksey 100%
Jerry Costello 40%
Paul Coverdell 90%
Christopher Cox 75%
William Coyne 20%
Larry Craig 100%
Robert Cramer 80%
Philip Crane 80%
Barbara Cubin 71%
Randall Cunningham 100%
Alfonse D'Amato 70%
Patsy Ann Danner 70%
Thomas Daschle 60%
James Davis 60%
Thomas Davis III 100%
Bill Delahunt 20%
Thomas DeLay 100%
Ronald Dellums 20%
Peter Deutsch 60%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 70%
Jay Dickey 80%
Norm Dicks 60%
Julian Dixon 30%
Chris Dodd 50%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 100%
Calvin Dooley 90%
John Doolittle 80%
Byron Dorgan 50%
David Dreier 100%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
Chet Edwards 70%
Vern Ehlers 90%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 90%
Jo Ann Emerson 90%
Philip English 70%
John Ensign 80%
Bob Etheridge 70%
Lane Evans 20%
Terry Everett 80%
Thomas Ewing 80%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 60%
Harris Fawell 90%
Victor Fazio 60%
Russ Feingold 20%
Bob Filner 30%
Thomas Foglietta 40%
Mark Foley 100%
Michael Patrick Forbes 60%
Harold Ford, Jr. 60%
Wendell Ford 30%
Tillie Fowler 90%
Jon David Fox 90%
Barney Frank 30%
Robert Franks 90%
William Frist 100%
Jonas Frost III 60%
Elizabeth Furse 40%
Elton Gallegly 100%
John Ganske 70%
Sam Gejdenson 40%
George Gekas 100%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 11%
Jim Gibbons 80%
Wayne Gilchrest 90%
Paul Gillmor 89%
Benjamin Gilman 60%
Newt Gingrich 100%
John Glenn 40%
Henry Gonzalez 33%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 80%
William Goodling 90%
Bart Gordon 70%
Slade Gorton 100%
Porter Goss 80%
Daniel Graham 80%
William Phillip Gramm 80%
Rodney Grams 80%
James Greenwood 90%
Judd Gregg 100%
Gilbert Gutknecht 100%
Tony Hall 50%
Lee Hamilton 60%
James Hansen 90%
Jane Harman 80%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 90%
Joel Hefley 80%
W.G. Hefner 38%
Jesse Helms 70%
Wally Herger, Jr. 90%
Rick Hill 80%
Van Hilleary 90%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 44%
Maurice Hinchey 20%
David Lee Hobson 90%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Thomas Holden 70%
Ernest Hollings 20%
Darlene Hooley 50%
Stephen Horn 60%
John Nathan Hostettler 80%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 90%
Kenny Hulshof 90%
Duncan Hunter 80%
Asa Hutchinson 90%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 80%
Kay Hutchison 100%
Henry Hyde 70%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 90%
Daniel Inouye 50%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 89%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 20%
William Jefferson 50%
James Merrill Jeffords 100%
William Lewis Jenkins 100%
Christopher John 100%
Jay Johnson 50%
Nancy Johnson 80%
Paul Kanjorski 40%
Sue Kelly 70%
Dirk Kempthorne 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 40%
Joseph Kennedy II 20%
Patrick Kennedy 20%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 60%
Bob Kerrey 60%
Dale Kildee 40%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 30%
Jay Kim 100%
Gerald Kleczka 50%
Ronald Klink 33%
Scott Klug 70%
Joseph Knollenberg 100%
Herb Kohl 80%
James Kolbe 100%
Dennis Kucinich 20%
Jon Kyl 70%
John LaFalce 40%
Ray LaHood 80%
Nicholas Lampson 50%
Tom Lantos 33%
Stephen Largent 90%
Steve LaTourette 90%
Frank Lautenberg 60%
Rick Lazio 80%
James Leach 100%
Jerry Lewis 80%
Ron Lewis 78%
Joe Lieberman 60%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 40%
Robert Livingston 100%
Trent Lott, Sr. 90%
Dick Lugar 90%
William Luther 60%
Connie Mack 80%
James Maloney 60%
Thomas Manton 44%
Don Manzullo 90%
Matthew Martinez 60%
Frank Mascara 50%
Robert Matsui 40%
Karen McCarthy 60%
Bill McCollum 90%
James McCrery III 100%
Joseph McDade 80%
Paul McHale 50%
John McHugh 80%
Scott McInnis 90%
David McIntosh 67%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 30%
Michael McNulty 30%
Martin Meehan 44%
Carrie Meek 40%
Jack Metcalf 60%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 30%
Dan Miller 100%
David Minge 70%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 20%
John Moakley 30%
Alan Mollohan 30%
Constance Morella 90%
Carol Moseley Braun 70%
Patrick Moynihan 50%
Frank Murkowski 100%
Jack Murtha 56%
Sue Myrick 90%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 100%
Mark Neumann 90%
Robert William Ney 80%
Don Nickles 100%
Anne Northup 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 90%
James Nussle 100%
Jim Oberstar 40%
Dave Obey 30%
John Olver 30%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 60%
Major Owens 20%
Michael Oxley 100%
Ronald Packard 100%
Michael Pappas 70%
Mike Parker 90%
Ron Paul 60%
William Paxon 90%
Donald Payne 20%
Edward Pease 90%
John Peterson 100%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 90%
Owen Pickett 80%
Richard Pombo 60%
Earl Pomeroy 60%
John Edward Porter 90%
Glenn Poshard 50%
Deborah Pryce 100%
Jack Quinn 78%
George Radanovich 80%
James Ramstad 90%
Bill Redmond 100%
Ralph Regula 90%
Silvestre Reyes 40%
Frank Riggs 100%
Bob Riley 78%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 30%
Charles Robb 70%
Ciro Rodriguez 56%
Timothy Roemer 70%
James Rogan 80%
William Roth, Jr. 100%
Steve Rothman 40%
Marge Roukema 80%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 30%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 70%
Rick Santorum 90%
Paul Sarbanes 30%
Jim Saxton 80%
Joe Scarborough 70%
Daniel Schaefer 90%
Robert Schaffer 90%
Steven Schiff 0%
John Shadegg 80%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 100%
Christopher Shays 70%
E.G. Shuster 90%
Norman Sisisky 70%
David Skaggs 40%
Joseph Skeen 100%
Ike Skelton 78%
Gordon Smith 100%
Linda Smith 70%
Nick Smith 90%
Robert Smith 100%
Bob Smith 50%
Vincent Snowbarger 100%
Olympia Snowe 70%
Vic Snyder 60%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 78%
Mark Souder 80%
Arlen Specter 50%
Floyd Spence 90%
John Spratt, Jr. 50%
Pete Stark 10%
Cliff Stearns 70%
Charles Stenholm 90%
Ted Stevens 80%
Louis Stokes 20%
Ted Strickland 44%
Bob Stump 90%
Bart Stupak 40%
John Sununu 100%
James Talent 80%
John Tanner 80%
Ellen Tauscher 50%
William Tauzin 100%
Charles Taylor 100%
Gene Taylor 80%
Craig Thomas 90%
William Thomas 100%
Fred Thompson 60%
Karen Thurman 60%
Strom Thurmond 80%
Todd Tiahrt 90%
Esteban Edward Torres 30%
Robert Torricelli 40%
Ed Towns 33%
James Traficant, Jr. 60%
James Turner 80%
Bruce Vento 40%
James Walsh 80%
Zach Wamp 80%
John Warner 100%
Wesley Watkins 89%
Mel Watt 30%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 89%
David Weldon 67%
W. Curtis Weldon 89%
Gerald Weller 80%
Paul Wellstone 10%
Robert Wexler 40%
Bob Weygand 30%
Rick White 100%
Bob Wise, Jr. 40%
Lynn Woolsey 30%
Albert Wynn 40%
Sidney Yates 33%
Bill Young 100%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.