Rating Group: Drum Major Institute

2008 Positions on Middle Class Advocacy

State Office Name Party Rating
Neil Abercrombie 90
Gary Ackerman 90
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 90
Todd Akin 30
Rodney Alexander 30
Wayne Allard 30
Thomas Allen 90
Jason Altmire 100
Rob Andrews 90
Michael Arcuri 90
Joe Baca, Sr. 90
Michele Bachmann 40
Spencer Bachus 30
Kay Bailey Hutchison 40
Brian Baird 78
J. Gresham Barrett 20
John Barrow 100
Roscoe Bartlett 40
Max Baucus 70
Evan Bayh 80
Melissa Bean 80
Bob Bennett 30
Shelley Berkley 90
Howard Berman 89
Marion Berry 80
Judy Biggert 40
Brian Bilbray 40
Jeff Bingaman 90
Tim Bishop 90
John Boehner 20
Kit Bond 56
Jo Bonner, Jr. 30
Mary Bono Mack 56
Dan Boren 80
Leonard Boswell 90
Rick Boucher 89
Allen Boyd, Jr. 70
Nancy Boyda 100
Bruce Braley 89
Paul Broun 11
Henry Brown, Jr. 40
Ginny Brown-Waite 50
Jim Bunning 40
Dan Burton 30
Steve Buyer 67
Robert Byrd 78
Dave Camp 50
John Campbell III 14
Chris Cannon 20
Eric Cantor 20
Dennis Cardoza 80
Russ Carnahan 90
Christopher Carney 100
Julia Carson 88
Mike Castle 70
Donald Cazayoux, Jr. 100
Saxby Chambliss 40
Ben Chandler III 100
Travis Childers 83
Howard Coble 22
Thomas Coburn 0
Norm Coleman 43
Kent Conrad 78
Jerry Costello 100
Larry Craig 38
Robert Cramer 89
Barbara Cubin 0
Artur Davis 80
David Davis 50
Geoff Davis 40
Lincoln Davis 100
Thomas Davis III 38
Bill Delahunt 100
James DeMint 11
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 70
Norm Dicks 89
John Dingell 90
Chris Dodd 90
Elizabeth Dole 70
Pete Domenici, Jr. 38
John Doolittle 33
Byron Dorgan 90
Thelma Drake 50
David Dreier 30
Chet Edwards 90
Vern Ehlers 60
Brad Ellsworth 80
Jo Ann Emerson 70
Philip English 90
John Ensign 20
Bob Etheridge 90
Terry Everett 29
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 90
Tom Feeney 40
Russ Feingold 100
Michael Ferguson 40
Bob Filner 90
Vito Fossella, Jr. 50
Barney Frank 90
Elton Gallegly 50
Jim Gerlach 67
Gabrielle Giffords 80
Wayne Gilchrest 89
Phil Gingrey 20
Charlie Gonzalez 90
Virgil Goode, Jr. 40
Bart Gordon 88
Judd Gregg 22
Charles Hagel 14
John Hall 90
Ralph Hall 50
Phil Hare 90
Tom Harkin 90
Jane Harman 90
Doc Hastings 40
Robert Hayes 70
Wally Herger, Jr. 20
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 80
Baron Hill 100
Maurice Hinchey 100
David Lee Hobson 50
Paul Hodes 100
Pete Hoekstra 30
Thomas Holden 100
Rush Holt, Jr. 90
Darlene Hooley 89
Kenny Hulshof 33
Duncan Hunter 50
Bob Inglis, Sr. 30
Daniel Inouye 78
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 90
William Jefferson 100
Tim Johnson 60
Timothy Johnson 70
Steve Kagen 90
Paul Kanjorski 90
Richard Keller 56
Patrick Kennedy 89
Dale Kildee 90
Carolyn Kilpatrick 90
Jack Kingston 20
Ron Klein 90
Joseph Knollenberg 60
Herb Kohl 80
Dennis Kucinich 100
John Kuhl, Jr. 33
Jon Kyl 0
Ray LaHood 78
Nicholas Lampson 80
Mary Landrieu 70
Tom Latham 60
Steve LaTourette 100
Frank Lautenberg 90
Carl Levin 90
Jerry Lewis 30
Ron Lewis 56
Joe Lieberman 70
Blanche Lincoln 60
John Linder 20
Dick Lugar 40
Dan Lungren 10
Connie Mack IV 33
Tim Mahoney 80
Don Manzullo 50
Jim Marshall 70
Melquiades Martinez 50
Jim Matheson 80
Carolyn McCarthy 90
Thaddeus McCotter 60
James McCrery III 50
John McHugh 80
Mike McIntyre 90
Buck McKeon 30
Michael McNulty 90
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 90
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 90
Mike Michaud 100
Gary Miller 38
George Miller 90
Brad Miller 90
Harry Mitchell 80
Alan Mollohan 90
Dennis Moore 90
Jim Moran, Jr. 90
Frank Murkowski 33
Patrick Murphy 90
Jack Murtha 90
Marilyn Musgrave 40
Sue Myrick 33
Ben Nelson 67
Jim Oberstar 90
Dave Obey 90
John Olver 90
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 90
Ed Pastor 90
Ron Paul 10
Donald Payne 100
John Peterson 44
Tom Petri 70
Charles Pickering, Jr. 40
Todd Platts 80
Earl Pomeroy 90
Jon Porter, Sr. 89
Deborah Pryce 75
Mark Pryor 70
Adam Putnam 30
George Radanovich 40
Nick Rahall II 78
James Ramstad 80
Ralph Regula 70
Denny Rehberg 60
Richard Renzi 78
Silvestre Reyes 89
Thomas Reynolds 22
Laura Richardson 89
Jay Rockefeller IV 80
Ciro Rodriguez 90
Mike Rogers 60
Mike Ross 90
Steve Rothman 100
John Salazar 100
Ken Salazar 80
William Sali 30
Jim Saxton 40
Jean Schmidt 30
Allyson Schwartz 90
Joe Sestak, Jr. 90
John Shadegg 10
Christopher Shays 80
Carol Shea-Porter 100
Heath Shuler 90
Ike Skelton 90
Gordon Smith 67
Olympia Snowe 67
Vic Snyder 89
CA Supervisor-1 Hilda Solis 89
Mark Souder 50
Zack Space 90
Arlen Specter 56
John Spratt, Jr. 90
Pete Stark 90
Cliff Stearns 50
Ted Stevens 50
Bart Stupak 100
John Sullivan 30
John Sununu 56
Betty Sutton 90
Tom Tancredo 11
John Tanner 89
Ellen Tauscher 90
Gene Taylor 90
Lee Terry 30
Todd Tiahrt 44
John Tierney 90
Ed Towns 90
Mark Udall 100
George Voinovich 40
James Walsh 70
Zach Wamp 40
John Warner 60
Diane Watson 89
Mel Watt 90
Henry Waxman 90
Jim Webb, Jr. 80
Anthony Weiner 90
David Weldon 22
Gerald Weller 40
Robert Wexler 89
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 89
Heather Wilson 50
Frank Wolf 50
Lynn Woolsey 89
David Wu 90
Bill Young 60
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 90
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 88
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 90
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 89
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 90
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 89
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 80
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 90
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 90
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 90
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 90
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 70
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 88
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 90
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 100
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 90
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 90
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 90
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 89
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 67
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 89
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 100
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 90
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 90
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 90
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 89
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 90
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 89
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 90
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 80
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 90
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 90
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 89
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 89
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 90
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 90
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 89
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 80
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 88
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 88
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 90
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 100
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 88
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 89
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 90
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 89
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 90
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 90
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 90
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 90
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 90
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 89
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 100
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 100
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 89
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 90
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 88
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 90
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 90
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 90
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 90
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 90
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 90
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 90
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 100
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 89
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 90
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 89
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 100
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 88
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 90
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 90
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 70
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 90
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 90
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 90
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 90
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 90
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 80
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 90
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 90
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 90
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 90
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 90
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 90
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 90
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 90
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 83
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 90
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 80
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 90
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 89
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 90
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 70
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 89
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 83
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 90
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 90
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 90
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 90
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 90
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 90
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 90
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 90
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 89
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 88
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 100
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 80
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 90
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 90
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 90
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 90
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 90
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 90
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 90
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 90
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 90
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 90
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 50
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 22
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 30
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 60
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 50
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 30
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 30
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 20
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 40
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 40
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 20
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 50
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 60
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 30
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 30
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 30
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 90
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 44
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 40
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 40
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 30
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 70
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 30
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 20
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 38
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 40
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 50
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 50
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 20
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 70
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 70
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 40
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 30
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 30
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 20
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 40
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 44
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 30
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 30
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 40
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 20
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 30
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 40
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 38
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 30
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 30
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 50
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 30
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 40
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 30
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 30
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 30
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 40
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 40
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 70
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 30
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 60
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 30
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 60
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 30
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 30
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 40
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 80
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 44
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 30
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 40
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 50
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 30
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 30
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 50
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 50
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 90
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 30
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 33
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 90
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 44
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 40
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 40
IN Governor Mike Pence R 30
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 33
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 20
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 20
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 60
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 50
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 40
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 50
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 22
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 40
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 70
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 30
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 30
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 38
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 25
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 20
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 30
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 40
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 50
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 30
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 40
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 40
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 90
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 30
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 30
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 40
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 50
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 70
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 80
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 50
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 44
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 40
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 20
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 60
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 50
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 30
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 50
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 78

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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