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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Americans for Tax Reform

1999 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 90%
Gary Ackerman 15%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 10%
Rob Andrews 40%
Bill Archer 88%
Richard Armey 100%
John Ashcroft 100%
Brian Baird 10%
Richard Hugh Baker 75%
Cass Ballenger 75%
James Barcia 30%
Bob Barr, Jr. 78%
Bill Barrett 62%
Roscoe Bartlett 88%
Charlie Bass 75%
Herbert Bateman 65%
Max Baucus 10%
Evan Bayh 0%
Bob Bennett 100%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 30%
Douglas Bereuter 50%
Shelley Berkley 22%
Howard Berman 10%
Marion Berry 25%
Judy Biggert 82%
Brian Bilbray 57%
Michael Bilirakis 70%
Jeff Bingaman 5%
Rod Blagojevich 12%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 90%
Sherwood Boehlert 40%
Kit Bond 95%
Henry Bonilla 80%
David Edward Bonior 0%
Mary Bono Mack 92%
Robert Borski, Jr. 10%
Leonard Boswell 22%
Rick Boucher 15%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 15%
John Breaux 30%
Richard Bryan 0%
Ed Bryant 80%
Jim Bunning 95%
Conrad Burns 95%
Dan Burton 72%
Steve Buyer 68%
Robert Byrd 5%
Herbert Callahan 80%
Ben Campbell 90%
Thomas Campbell 65%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 75%
Chris Cannon 92%
Julia Carson 5%
Mike Castle 55%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 72%
William Clay, Sr. 10%
Eva Clayton 10%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 5%
Robert Clement 30%
Michael Collins 82%
Larry Combest 90%
Gary Condit 42%
Kent Conrad 10%
Merrill Cook 90%
John Cooksey 70%
Jerry Costello 10%
Paul Coverdell 100%
Christopher Cox 75%
William Coyne 10%
Larry Craig 100%
Robert Cramer 30%
Philip Crane 98%
Barbara Cubin 70%
Randall Cunningham 90%
Patsy Ann Danner 35%
Thomas Daschle 0%
James Davis 15%
Thomas Davis III 72%
Bill Delahunt 8%
Thomas DeLay 92%
James DeMint 90%
Peter Deutsch 15%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 60%
Jay Dickey 70%
Norm Dicks 20%
Julian Dixon 10%
Chris Dodd 5%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 75%
Calvin Dooley 20%
John Doolittle 80%
Byron Dorgan 5%
David Dreier 78%
Jennifer Dunn 75%
John Edwards 10%
Chet Edwards 20%
Vern Ehlers 60%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 75%
Jo Ann Emerson 75%
Philip English 80%
Bob Etheridge 35%
Lane Evans 8%
Terry Everett 85%
Thomas Ewing 82%
Russ Feingold 5%
Bob Filner 10%
Peter Fitzgerald 90%
Ernest Fletcher 95%
Mark Foley 85%
Michael Patrick Forbes 45%
Harold Ford, Jr. 25%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 90%
Tillie Fowler 60%
Barney Frank 12%
Robert Franks 80%
William Frist 100%
Jonas Frost III 15%
Elton Gallegly 85%
John Ganske 42%
Sam Gejdenson 10%
George Gekas 75%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 10%
Jim Gibbons 80%
Wayne Gilchrest 70%
Paul Gillmor 80%
Benjamin Gilman 65%
Charlie Gonzalez 20%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 78%
William Goodling 75%
Bart Gordon 30%
Slade Gorton 95%
Porter Goss 88%
Daniel Graham 5%
William Phillip Gramm 100%
Rodney Grams 90%
Mark Green 82%
James Greenwood 70%
Judd Gregg 100%
Gilbert Gutknecht 98%
Tony Hall 28%
James Hansen 85%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Robert Hayes 82%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 92%
Joel Hefley 88%
Jesse Helms 95%
Wally Herger, Jr. 92%
Baron Hill 25%
Rick Hill 85%
Van Hilleary 72%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 10%
Maurice Hinchey 10%
David Lee Hobson 78%
PA Commissioner At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 20%
Pete Hoekstra 88%
Thomas Holden 15%
Ernest Hollings 5%
Darlene Hooley 15%
Stephen Horn 55%
John Nathan Hostettler 65%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 40%
Kenny Hulshof 80%
Duncan Hunter 78%
Asa Hutchinson 70%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 100%
Kay Hutchison 100%
Henry Hyde 78%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 90%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 18%
William Jefferson 20%
James Merrill Jeffords 60%
William Lewis Jenkins 80%
Christopher John 25%
Nancy Johnson 40%
Paul Kanjorski 10%
Sue Kelly 65%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Patrick Kennedy 10%
Bob Kerrey 25%
Dale Kildee 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 10%
Gerald Kleczka 12%
Ronald Klink 5%
Joseph Knollenberg 85%
Herb Kohl 0%
James Kolbe 92%
Dennis Kucinich 8%
Steven Kuykendall 70%
Jon Kyl 100%
John LaFalce 20%
Ray LaHood 72%
Nicholas Lampson 20%
Tom Lantos 5%
Stephen Largent 78%
Steve LaTourette 82%
Frank Lautenberg 5%
Rick Lazio 70%
James Leach 52%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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