Rating Group: Americans for Tax Reform

1999 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 70%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 85%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 65%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 90%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 100%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 82%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 15%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 75%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 10%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 10%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 10%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 8%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 20%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 15%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 15%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 22%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 95%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 22%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 95%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 15%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 8%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 15%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 95%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 10%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 88%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 15%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 25%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 90%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 5%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 5%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 15%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 10%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 15%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 5%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 12%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 70%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 5%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 50%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 75%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 82%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 30%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 5%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 70%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 65%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 75%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 5%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 72%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 90%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 80%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 12%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 2%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 12%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 8%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 85%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 5%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 5%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 65%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 75%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 55%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 65%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 20%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 64%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 20%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 10%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 8%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 15%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 8%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 20%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 10%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 5%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 20%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 70%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 10%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 85%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 70%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 20%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 10%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 10%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 15%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 32%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 80%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 5%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 85%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 80%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 5%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 5%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 78%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 25%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 88%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 32%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 80%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 90%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 70%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 75%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 28%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 18%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 75%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 20%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 12%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 5%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 5%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 80%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 25%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 15%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 15%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 5%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 22%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 20%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 10%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 10%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 10%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 10%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 5%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 92%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 12%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 15%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 5%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 82%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 80%
OH Governor John Kasich R 80%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 90%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 85%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 70%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 22%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 8%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 5%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 5%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 15%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 5%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 95%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 98%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 20%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 68%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 85%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 5%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 70%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 85%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 75%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 92%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 85%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 82%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 90%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 80%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 85%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 20%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 15%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 80%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 20%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 22%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 22%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 90%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 15%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 88%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 22%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 70%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 5%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 8%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 85%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 2%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 30%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 5%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 25%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 98%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 28%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 92%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 82%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 8%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 12%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 10%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 90%
Gary Ackerman 15%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 10%
Rob Andrews 40%
Bill Archer 88%
Richard Armey 100%
John Ashcroft 100%
Brian Baird 10%
Richard Hugh Baker 75%
Cass Ballenger 75%
James Barcia 30%
Bob Barr, Jr. 78%
Bill Barrett 62%
Roscoe Bartlett 88%
Charlie Bass 75%
Herbert Bateman 65%
Max Baucus 10%
Evan Bayh 0%
Bob Bennett 100%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 30%
Douglas Bereuter 50%
Shelley Berkley 22%
Howard Berman 10%
Marion Berry 25%
Judy Biggert 82%
Brian Bilbray 57%
Michael Bilirakis 70%
Jeff Bingaman 5%
Rod Blagojevich 12%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 90%
Sherwood Boehlert 40%
Kit Bond 95%
Henry Bonilla 80%
David Edward Bonior 0%
Mary Bono Mack 92%
Robert Borski, Jr. 10%
Leonard Boswell 22%
Rick Boucher 15%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 15%
John Breaux 30%
Richard Bryan 0%
Ed Bryant 80%
Jim Bunning 95%
Conrad Burns 95%
Dan Burton 72%
Steve Buyer 68%
Robert Byrd 5%
Herbert Callahan 80%
Ben Campbell 90%
Thomas Campbell 65%
Chris Cannon 92%
Julia Carson 5%
Mike Castle 55%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 72%
William Clay, Sr. 10%
Eva Clayton 10%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 5%
Robert Clement 30%
Michael Collins 82%
Larry Combest 90%
Gary Condit 42%
Kent Conrad 10%
Merrill Cook 90%
John Cooksey 70%
Jerry Costello 10%
Paul Coverdell 100%
Christopher Cox 75%
William Coyne 10%
Larry Craig 100%
Robert Cramer 30%
Philip Crane 98%
Barbara Cubin 70%
Randall Cunningham 90%
Patsy Ann Danner 35%
Thomas Daschle 0%
James Davis 15%
Thomas Davis III 72%
Bill Delahunt 8%
Thomas DeLay 92%
James DeMint 90%
Peter Deutsch 15%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 60%
Jay Dickey 70%
Norm Dicks 20%
Julian Dixon 10%
Chris Dodd 5%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 75%
Calvin Dooley 20%
John Doolittle 80%
Byron Dorgan 5%
David Dreier 78%
Jennifer Dunn 75%
John Edwards 10%
Chet Edwards 20%
Vern Ehlers 60%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 75%
Jo Ann Emerson 75%
Philip English 80%
Bob Etheridge 35%
Lane Evans 8%
Terry Everett 85%
Thomas Ewing 82%
Russ Feingold 5%
Bob Filner 10%
Peter Fitzgerald 90%
Ernest Fletcher 95%
Mark Foley 85%
Michael Patrick Forbes 45%
Harold Ford, Jr. 25%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 90%
Tillie Fowler 60%
Barney Frank 12%
Robert Franks 80%
William Frist 100%
Jonas Frost III 15%
Elton Gallegly 85%
John Ganske 42%
Sam Gejdenson 10%
George Gekas 75%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 10%
Jim Gibbons 80%
Wayne Gilchrest 70%
Paul Gillmor 80%
Benjamin Gilman 65%
Charlie Gonzalez 20%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 78%
William Goodling 75%
Bart Gordon 30%
Slade Gorton 95%
Porter Goss 88%
Daniel Graham 5%
William Phillip Gramm 100%
Rodney Grams 90%
Mark Green 82%
James Greenwood 70%
Judd Gregg 100%
Gilbert Gutknecht 98%
Tony Hall 28%
James Hansen 85%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Robert Hayes 82%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 92%
Joel Hefley 88%
Jesse Helms 95%
Wally Herger, Jr. 92%
Baron Hill 25%
Rick Hill 85%
Van Hilleary 72%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 10%
Maurice Hinchey 10%
David Lee Hobson 78%
Pete Hoekstra 88%
Thomas Holden 15%
Ernest Hollings 5%
Darlene Hooley 15%
Stephen Horn 55%
John Nathan Hostettler 65%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 40%
Kenny Hulshof 80%
Duncan Hunter 78%
Asa Hutchinson 70%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 100%
Kay Hutchison 100%
Henry Hyde 78%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 90%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 18%
William Jefferson 20%
James Merrill Jeffords 60%
William Lewis Jenkins 80%
Christopher John 25%
Nancy Johnson 40%
Paul Kanjorski 10%
Sue Kelly 65%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Patrick Kennedy 10%
Bob Kerrey 25%
Dale Kildee 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 10%
Gerald Kleczka 12%
Ronald Klink 5%
Joseph Knollenberg 85%
Herb Kohl 0%
James Kolbe 92%
Dennis Kucinich 8%
Steven Kuykendall 70%
Jon Kyl 100%
John LaFalce 20%
Ray LaHood 72%
Nicholas Lampson 20%
Tom Lantos 5%
Stephen Largent 78%
Steve LaTourette 82%
Frank Lautenberg 5%
Rick Lazio 70%
James Leach 52%
Jerry Lewis 70%
Ron Lewis 95%
Joe Lieberman 5%
Blanche Lincoln 5%
John Linder 88%
William Lipinski 22%
Trent Lott, Sr. 100%
Dick Lugar 75%
William Luther 12%
Connie Mack 95%
James Maloney 45%
Don Manzullo 88%
Matthew Martinez 12%
Frank Mascara 5%
Robert Matsui 15%
Karen McCarthy 20%
Bill McCollum 80%
James McCrery III 85%
John McHugh 55%
Scott McInnis 88%
David McIntosh 95%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 8%
Michael McNulty 5%
Martin Meehan 18%
Carrie Meek 12%
Jack Metcalf 80%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 15%
Dan Miller 80%
David Minge 28%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 25%
John Moakley 10%
Alan Mollohan 10%
Dennis Moore 25%
Constance Morella 40%
Patrick Moynihan 0%
Frank Murkowski 95%
Jack Murtha 10%
Sue Myrick 88%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 85%
Robert William Ney 70%
Don Nickles 100%
Anne Northup 92%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 80%
James Nussle 88%
Jim Oberstar 18%
Dave Obey 18%
John Olver 10%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 20%
Doug Ose 88%
Major Owens 10%
Michael Oxley 78%
Ronald Packard 90%
Ron Paul 80%
Donald Payne 12%
Edward Pease 82%
John Peterson 55%
David Phelps 15%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 80%
Owen Pickett 35%
Richard Pombo 82%
Earl Pomeroy 18%
John Edward Porter 52%
Deborah Pryce 68%
Jack Quinn 55%
George Radanovich 88%
James Ramstad 72%
Ralph Regula 60%
Silvestre Reyes 15%
Thomas Reynolds 90%
Bob Riley 80%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 20%
Charles Robb 10%
Ciro Rodriguez 10%
Timothy Roemer 45%
James Rogan 95%
William Roth, Jr. 90%
Steve Rothman 22%
Marge Roukema 75%
Jim Ryun 98%
Martin Olav Sabo 12%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 30%
Rick Santorum 90%
Paul Sarbanes 5%
Jim Saxton 65%
Joe Scarborough 88%
Robert Schaffer 92%
John Shadegg 88%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 57%
Christopher Shays 57%
Donald Sherwood 80%
Ronnie Shows 40%
E.G. Shuster 75%
Norman Sisisky 20%
Joseph Skeen 70%
Ike Skelton 40%
Gordon Smith 90%
Nick Smith 92%
Bob Smith 95%
Olympia Snowe 60%
Vic Snyder 20%
Mark Souder 78%
Arlen Specter 45%
Floyd Spence 85%
John Spratt, Jr. 20%
Pete Stark 8%
Cliff Stearns 80%
Charles Stenholm 30%
Ted Stevens 95%
Ted Strickland 20%
Bob Stump 90%
Bart Stupak 10%
John Sununu 98%
John Sweeney 55%
James Talent 85%
Tom Tancredo 95%
John Tanner 20%
Ellen Tauscher 25%
William Tauzin 75%
Charles Taylor 85%
Gene Taylor 55%
Craig Thomas 100%
William Thomas 65%
Fred Thompson 85%
Karen Thurman 5%
Strom Thurmond 80%
Todd Tiahrt 92%
Robert Torricelli 10%
Ed Towns 15%
James Traficant, Jr. 30%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 8%
James Turner 25%
Bruce Vento 8%
George Voinovich 70%
James Walsh 50%
Zach Wamp 85%
John Warner 90%
Wesley Watkins 95%
Mel Watt 5%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 90%
Anthony Weiner 10%
David Weldon 75%
W. Curtis Weldon 65%
Gerald Weller 98%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Robert Wexler 20%
Bob Weygand 5%
Heather Wilson 85%
Bob Wise, Jr. 5%
Lynn Woolsey 10%
David Wu 22%
Albert Wynn 10%
Bill Young 70%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.