Rating Group: Americans for Tax Reform

1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 90%
Gary Ackerman 5%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Wayne Allard 100%
Thomas Allen 0%
Rob Andrews 30%
Bill Archer 85%
Richard Armey 100%
John Ashcroft 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 95%
Cass Ballenger 85%
James Barcia 30%
Bob Barr, Jr. 95%
Bill Barrett 60%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 65%
Herbert Bateman 55%
Max Baucus 0%
Bob Bennett 90%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 0%
Douglas Bereuter 45%
Howard Berman 0%
Marion Berry 10%
Brian Bilbray 70%
Michael Bilirakis 85%
Jeff Bingaman 5%
Rod Blagojevich 0%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 90%
Sherwood Boehlert 30%
Kit Bond 75%
Henry Bonilla 100%
David Edward Bonior 5%
Mary Bono Mack 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 0%
Leonard Boswell 20%
Rick Boucher 10%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 5%
John Breaux 20%
Richard Bryan 5%
Ed Bryant 100%
Conrad Burns 100%
Dan Burton 95%
Steve Buyer 75%
Robert Byrd 20%
Herbert Callahan 95%
Ben Campbell 85%
Thomas Campbell 45%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 85%
Chris Cannon 95%
Julia Carson 0%
Mike Castle 45%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 90%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 5%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 0%
Robert Clement 10%
Michael Collins 100%
Larry Combest 95%
Gary Condit 35%
Kent Conrad 5%
Merrill Cook 95%
John Cooksey 80%
Jerry Costello 10%
Paul Coverdell 90%
Christopher Cox 100%
William Coyne 0%
Larry Craig 100%
Robert Cramer 30%
Philip Crane 95%
Barbara Cubin 100%
Randall Cunningham 90%
Patsy Ann Danner 40%
Thomas Daschle 5%
James Davis 0%
Thomas Davis III 80%
Bill Delahunt 5%
Thomas DeLay 100%
Peter Deutsch 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 80%
Jay Dickey 100%
Norm Dicks 0%
Julian Dixon 0%
Chris Dodd 10%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 80%
Calvin Dooley 10%
John Doolittle 100%
Byron Dorgan 15%
David Dreier 100%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
Chet Edwards 5%
Vern Ehlers 60%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 90%
Jo Ann Emerson 100%
Philip English 80%
Bob Etheridge 10%
Lane Evans 5%
Terry Everett 95%
Thomas Ewing 90%
Russ Feingold 10%
Bob Filner 10%
Mark Foley 70%
Michael Patrick Forbes 70%
Harold Ford, Jr. 5%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 90%
Tillie Fowler 90%
Barney Frank 5%
Robert Franks 70%
William Frist 80%
Jonas Frost III 5%
Elton Gallegly 90%
John Ganske 50%
Sam Gejdenson 10%
George Gekas 90%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 5%
Jim Gibbons 90%
Wayne Gilchrest 70%
Paul Gillmor 75%
Benjamin Gilman 60%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 95%
William Goodling 95%
Bart Gordon 20%
Slade Gorton 80%
Porter Goss 95%
Daniel Graham 5%
William Phillip Gramm 95%
Rodney Grams 90%
James Greenwood 60%
Judd Gregg 80%
Gilbert Gutknecht 80%
Tony Hall 10%
James Hansen 95%
J. Dennis Hastert 95%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 85%
Jesse Helms 75%
Wally Herger, Jr. 90%
Rick Hill 85%
Van Hilleary 90%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 10%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 80%
Pete Hoekstra 95%
Thomas Holden 5%
Ernest Hollings 10%
Darlene Hooley 5%
Stephen Horn 70%
John Nathan Hostettler 90%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 35%
Kenny Hulshof 95%
Duncan Hunter 85%
Asa Hutchinson 85%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 95%
Kay Hutchison 90%
Henry Hyde 85%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 75%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 5%
William Jefferson 5%
James Merrill Jeffords 30%
William Lewis Jenkins 100%
Christopher John 20%
Nancy Johnson 25%
Paul Kanjorski 0%
Sue Kelly 70%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 0%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Bob Kerrey 10%
Dale Kildee 0%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 5%
Gerald Kleczka 0%
Ronald Klink 5%
Joseph Knollenberg 95%
Herb Kohl 5%
James Kolbe 95%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
Jon Kyl 95%
John LaFalce 0%
Ray LaHood 75%
Nicholas Lampson 5%
Tom Lantos 0%
Stephen Largent 100%
Steve LaTourette 75%
Frank Lautenberg 5%
Rick Lazio 50%
James Leach 35%
Jerry Lewis 90%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 20%
John Linder 95%
William Lipinski 10%
Trent Lott, Sr. 90%
Dick Lugar 65%
William Luther 5%
Connie Mack 85%
James Maloney 30%
Don Manzullo 95%
Matthew Martinez 10%
Frank Mascara 0%
Robert Matsui 5%
Karen McCarthy 5%
Bill McCollum 95%
James McCrery III 85%
John McHugh 65%
Scott McInnis 95%
David McIntosh 95%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 5%
Michael McNulty 0%
Martin Meehan 0%
Carrie Meek 5%
Jack Metcalf 80%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 5%
Dan Miller 95%
David Minge 5%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 0%
John Moakley 5%
Alan Mollohan 10%
Constance Morella 15%
Patrick Moynihan 10%
Frank Murkowski 90%
Jack Murtha 10%
Sue Myrick 100%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 100%
Robert William Ney 70%
Don Nickles 95%
Anne Northup 90%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 95%
James Nussle 85%
Jim Oberstar 5%
Dave Obey 0%
John Olver 5%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 5%
Major Owens 0%
Michael Oxley 90%
Ronald Packard 95%
Ron Paul 65%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 90%
John Peterson 90%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 95%
Owen Pickett 10%
Richard Pombo 100%
Earl Pomeroy 5%
John Edward Porter 55%
Deborah Pryce 90%
Jack Quinn 60%
George Radanovich 95%
James Ramstad 60%
Ralph Regula 60%
Silvestre Reyes 0%
Bob Riley 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 5%
Charles Robb 15%
Ciro Rodriguez 0%
Timothy Roemer 20%
James Rogan 95%
William Roth, Jr. 60%
Steve Rothman 5%
Marge Roukema 55%
Jim Ryun 90%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 20%
Rick Santorum 90%
Paul Sarbanes 0%
Jim Saxton 75%
Joe Scarborough 95%
Robert Schaffer 100%
John Shadegg 95%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 65%
Christopher Shays 50%
E.G. Shuster 90%
Norman Sisisky 15%
Joseph Skeen 80%
Ike Skelton 10%
Gordon Smith 95%
Nick Smith 90%
Bob Smith 90%
Olympia Snowe 40%
Vic Snyder 0%
Mark Souder 80%
Arlen Specter 45%
Floyd Spence 95%
John Spratt, Jr. 0%
Pete Stark 5%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Charles Stenholm 15%
Ted Stevens 75%
Ted Strickland 5%
Bob Stump 95%
Bart Stupak 5%
John Sununu 95%
James Talent 100%
John Tanner 10%
Ellen Tauscher 10%
William Tauzin 95%
Charles Taylor 90%
Gene Taylor 65%
Craig Thomas 100%
William Thomas 85%
Fred Thompson 70%
Karen Thurman 10%
Strom Thurmond 75%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
Robert Torricelli 10%
Ed Towns 0%
James Traficant, Jr. 45%
James Turner 20%
Bruce Vento 5%
James Walsh 55%
Zach Wamp 85%
John Warner 80%
Wesley Watkins 90%
Mel Watt 5%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 100%
David Weldon 90%
W. Curtis Weldon 60%
Gerald Weller 80%
Paul Wellstone 0%
Robert Wexler 5%
Bob Weygand 0%
Heather Wilson 67%
Bob Wise, Jr. 5%
Lynn Woolsey 5%
Albert Wynn 0%
Bill Young 80%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 5%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 0%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 5%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 0%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 15%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 5%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 10%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 5%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 5%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 5%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 5%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 5%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 5%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 5%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 5%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 5%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 5%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 5%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 5%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 10%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 5%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 5%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 5%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 5%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 0%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 5%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 10%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 10%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 0%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 5%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 10%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 5%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 15%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 5%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 5%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 20%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 0%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 5%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 10%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 5%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 5%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 5%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 15%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 0%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 5%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 15%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 5%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 15%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 10%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 5%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 15%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 10%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 5%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 20%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 5%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 5%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 10%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 5%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 5%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 5%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 20%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 25%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 85%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 85%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 95%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 95%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 95%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 90%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 90%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 95%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 85%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 85%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 75%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 50%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 95%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 65%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 95%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 65%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 95%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 65%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 85%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 90%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 90%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 95%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 95%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 95%
OH Governor John Kasich R 95%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 85%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 95%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 50%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 75%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 90%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 95%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 70%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 95%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 90%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 85%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 75%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 80%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 90%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 100%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 80%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 95%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 95%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 95%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 90%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 90%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 75%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 95%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 95%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 75%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 85%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 95%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 70%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 80%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.